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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Kingdom of ThraceView Options:  |  |  | 

Kingdom of Thrace

Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus

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A standard reference for Lysimachus coins.
BK34118. Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus by Ludwig Müller, 1858; 102 pages, 9 plates; $50.00 (€42.50)
 


Chios, Islands off Ionia, c. 290 - 275 B.C., Civic Coinage in the Name and Types of Alexander the Great

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Lysimachus may have controlled Chios after Antigonus was killed at Ipsus in 301 B.C. A Chian inscription honoring one of his generals supports this view. But Chios is likely to have had significant autonomy even if it continued to be ruled by a foreign monarch. Beginning c. 290 B.C., the island struck precious metal for the first time in over half a century. At the same time they began developing close economic and political relations with other Greek cities and states. Lysimachus lost his life at the Battle of Corupedium in 281 B.C. The victor, Seleukos, was murdered less than a year later and his empire plunged into political chaos. Chios was almost certainly completely autonomous by this time. -- Lagos, Constantinos. A study of the coinage of Chios in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. PhD thesis, Durham University. (1998). Available at Durham E-Theses Online: http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/4848/

GS86313. Silver drachm, Price 2322; Müller Alexander 1534; Bauslaugh Posthumous p. 4, series 4 (no die matches); SNG Cop 903; SNG Munchen -; SNG Alpha Bank -, Choice EF, fantastic detail, exotic style, toned, weight 4.181 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Islands of Ionia, Chios mint, under Lysimachos or autonomous, c. 290 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, monogram over bunch of grapes left; $450.00 (€382.50) ON RESERVE


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachus, 305 - 281 B.C.

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Lysimachus, a bodyguard for Alexander the Great, was made a strategos (general) after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors) of Alexander who divided the empire and continually allied and warred with each other. In 305, he took the title of basileus (king), ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. He was killed in battle against Seleukos.

Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Ephesus. The same type with the same symbols was also issued by Colophon in the name of Alexander (examples are listed in Forum's catalog).
GS84602. Silver drachm, Price L23, Thompson 123, Müller L19, SGCV II 6812, gF, well centered, toned, weight 4.000 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 299 - c. 296 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, lion forepart and crescent left, pentagram under throne; from the Lawrence Woolslayer Collection, ex Forum (2004); $135.00 (€114.75)
 


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
GS75247. Silver drachm, Price 1995, Müller Alexander 788, SNG Cop 999, Thompson-Bellinger Magnesia 27, SNG Munchen 568, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, well centered, toned, struck with a worn obverse die, porous, weight 3.968 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left hand, AN monogram over E in left field, AY monogram under throne; $120.00 (€102.00)
 


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.

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Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
GS85123. Silver drachm, Thompson 127, Müller 20, Price L28, VF, toned, light porosity, scratches on reverse, weight 4.014 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 299 - 296 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle extended in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, forepart of lion left over crescent on left, pentagram under throne; ex CNG auction 395, lot 52; ex W. H. Guertin Collection; $105.00 (€89.25)
 


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
GB68080. Bronze AE 13, Müller 14, SNG Cop 1168, SGCV II 6822, VF, weight 2.519 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kallatis (Mangalia, Romania) mint, c. 297 - 281 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right clad in lion's scalp headdress; reverse BAΣI/ΛYΣI within a wreath of grain; $85.00 (€72.25)
 


Kings of Thrace, Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.

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Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was king of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East Thrace to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He king is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and rare tetradrachms.
GB74512. Bronze AE 19, Youroukova 142, Peykov C4700, SNG Cop 1173, BMC Thrace -, SNG BM -, SNG Stancomb -, F, rough green patina, weight 4.103 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; obverse helmeted young male head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, cuirass, ΠAP monogram right; very rare; $85.00 (€72.25)
 


Lysimachia, Thracian Chersonesos, c. 309 - 220 B.C.

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A barley kernel lower or leaf on the lower left is not described in the references and this could just be a die break. Some of the plate coins appear to have a similar object. Most examples are described with a monogram below.
GB69753. Bronze AE 15, cf. Lindgren II 873; SNG Milan 195; SNG Cop 918; BMC Thrace p. 196, 16 ff.; SGCV 1623; SNG Tub -; SNG ANS -, aVF, nice green patina, weight 3.039 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, Lysimachia (Eksemil, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - 220 B.C.; obverse lion head right; reverse ΛY− ΣI, ear of barley on stalk, barley kernel(?) or leaf(?) lower left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Lysimachia, Thracian Chersonesos, 309 - 220 B.C.

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Lysimachia was built by Lysimachus in 309 B.C., when he was preparing for his last struggle with his rivals; for the new city, being situated on the isthmus, commanded the road from Sestos to the north and the mainland of Thrace. To obtain inhabitants for his new city, Lysimachus destroyed the neighboring town of Cardia, the birthplace of the historian Hieronymus, and settled the inhabitants of it and other Chersonese cities here. Lysimachus no doubt made Lysimachia the capital of his kingdom and it must have rapidly risen to great splendor and prosperity.
GB71306. Bronze AE 11, Lindgren II 874, SNG Cop 920, BMC Thrace -, VF, some corrosion, weight 0.814 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 0o, Lysimachia (Eksemil, Turkey) mint, 309 - 220 B.C.; obverse lion head right; reverse stalk of barley, Λ−Y flanking across field; scarce; $32.00 (€27.20)
 







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REFERENCES

Arnold-Biucchi, C. "The Pergamene Mint under Lysimachos" in Studies Price.
Arslan, M. & C. Lightfoot. Greek Coin Hoards in Turkey. (Ankara, 1999).
Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen In Winterthur, Volume 1: Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sicily, Moesia, Dacia, Sarmatia, Thrace, and Macedonia. (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Draganov, D. The Coinage of Cabyle. (Sofia, 1993).
Fischer-Bossert, W. "Die Lysimachaeier des Skostokos" in RBN CLI (2005).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, NW, central & S. Greece. (London, 1924).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Ionia. (London, 1892).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lorber, C. "The Goats of 'Aigai'" in pour Denyse.
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Müller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Olcay, N., & Seyrig, H. Trésors monétaires séleucides. I: Le trésor de Mektepini en Phrygie. (Paris, 1965).
Peter, U. Die Münzen der Thrakischen Dynasten (5-3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.). (Berlin, 1997).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Poole, R. S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellénistiques de Byzance et de Calcédoine" in Essays Robinson.
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 2: Taurische Chersones-Korkyra. (Berlin, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia...Posthumous Lysimachus, Alexander tetradrachms. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. (Paris, 1993 - 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Topalov, S. Ancient Thrace: Contributions to the Study of the Early Thracian Tribal Coinage and its Relations to the Coinage of the Odrysians...6th-4th C. B.C. (Sophia, 2003).
Youroukova, Y. The Coins of the Ancient Thracians. (Oxford, 1976).
Zograph, A. N. Ancient Coinage, Part II: Ancient Coins of the Northern Black Sea Littoral. (Oxford, 1977).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, November 21, 2017.
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Kingdom of Thrace Coins