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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Secessionist Empires ▸ Tetricus IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Gallic Empire, Tetricus II, Spring 274 A.D.

Tetricus II's father succeeded to the throne of the Gallic empire after the death of Victorinus and made him Caesar in 273 and Augustus in spring 274 A.D. After three years of rule, the power of the separatist state had declined and in 273 A.D. Aurelian invaded. Tetricus I abdicated rather than fight the vastly superior forces of Aurelian. Tetricus II and his father were both honored by Aurelian and they lived quite comfortably in Rome. Rome in 271 A.D.


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RA77490. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 270, Schulzki AGK 9a, Cunetio 2647, Elmer 791, Cohen VI 88, Hunter IV 11, SRCV III 11292, VF, green patina, tight ragged flan, weight 2.122 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse SPES AVGG (hope of the two emperors), Spes advancing left, extending flower in right hand, raising skirt drapery with left hand; $32.00 (€28.48)
 


Gallic Empire, Tetricus II, 273 - Spring 274 A.D., Barbaric Imitative

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During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.), the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change. The most frequently imitated prototypes are of the Gallic emperors Tetricus I and his son, Tetricus II.
RA76688. Bronze barbarous radiate, cf. RIC V 248 (official, Colonia Agrippinensis), aF, tight flan, weight 1.539 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, 271 - 284 A.D.; obverse [C PIV ESV TETRICVS] CA[ES] (or similar), radiate bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor) (or similar), Pax standing facing, head left, wreath in right hand, long scepter or spear vertical in left hand; $1.49 (€1.33)


Gallic Empire, Tetricus II, as Caesar, 273 - Spring 274 A.D., Barbaric imitative

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From the Aiello Collection.
RBA272. Bronze barbarous radiate, EF, weight 2.02 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 180o, irregular barbaric mint, after 273 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV CETV PEV, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AV [ ] SVC, female figure standing left holding cornucopia in left and uncertain object in right; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CPETETRICVSCAES
CPETETRICVSCES
CPESTETRICVSCAES
CPESVTETRICVSCAES
CPESVTETRICVSCAES
CPTETRICVSCAE
CPTETRICVSCAECES
CPTETRICVSCAESCES
CPIESTETRICVSCAE
CPIVESVTETRICVSCAES
CPIVTETRICVSA
CPIVTETRICVSPAVG
CPVTETRICVSCAES
CPVESVTETRICVSCAES
PIVESVTETRICVSAVGG
PIVESVTETRICVSCAES


REFERENCES

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand" in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941). pp. 1 -106.
Mairat, J. Le monnayage de l'Empire Gaulois. CGB Rome XV. (Fixed Price List, 2004).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schulte, B. Die Goldprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. Typos IV. (Aarau, 1983).
Schulzki, H. J. Die Antoninianprägung der Gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. (Bonn, 1996).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die Bronze-Teilstück-Prägungen der römischen Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 2002).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die römische Münzstätte Köln. (Trier, 1993).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 24, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Tetricus II