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Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, Mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.
Tetricus I succeeded to the throne of the Gallic empire after the death of Victorinus. After three years of rule, the power of the separatist state had declined and in 273 A.D. Aurelian invaded. Tetricus I immediately abdicated rather than fight the vastly superior forces of Aurelian. Tetricus and his son were both honored by Aurelian and they lived quite comfortably in Rome.
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).RB21500. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 62 var. (obv. legend), VF+, weight 2.017 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, obverse IMP C C P ESV TETRICVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVG (harmony of the Emperor), Concordia standing left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; SOLD
This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.RA84446. Billon antoninianus, Normanby 1505, Cunetio 2634, Cohen VI 39, RIC V-2 72, Elmer 782, Hunter IV - (p. ci), SRCV III 11235 var. (obv. legend),, VF, well centered, reverse die wear, weight 2.735 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 271 - 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C P ESV TETRICVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing slightly left, flanked by two standards, one held in each hand; SOLD
From the Braithwell Hoard found 1 Sep 2002 by Mr. P. Leech at the village of Braithwell, South Yorkshire.RA68873. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 100, Hunter IV 8, Cohen VI 95, SRCV III 11243, Braithwell Report 172 (111 examples in the hoard), gVF, weight 1.654 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 4th emission, 272 - 274 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; ex York Coins, ex Braithwell Hoard (South Yorkshire, England); SOLD
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.RB04068. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 136, Cohen VI 170, SRCV III 11250, Hunter IV - (p. ci), EF, superb patina, weight 1.97 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Cologne mint, 271 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton with left; from the Aiello Collection; SOLD
Hilaritas, the personification of rejoicing, is usually depicted as a matron, standing with a cornucopia in her left hand and a long palm frond on the ground in her right. Green branches were a sign of gladness and for special occasions, both public and private, it was the custom in ancient times to ornament streets, temples, gates, houses, and even entire cities, with branches and leaves of trees. This tradition carries on today in the form of wreaths and Christmas trees.RB80740. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 80, Cohen VI 54, Hunter III 16, SRCV III 11237, EF, excellent style, weight 2.929 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Mogontiacum (Mainz) or Treveri (Trier) mint, 273 - 274 A.D.; obverse IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse HILARITAS AVGG, Hilaritas standing slightly left, head left, grounded long palm frond in right hand, cornucopia in left; SOLD
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.RB08928. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 100, Hunter IV 8, Cohen VI 95, SRCV III 11243, gVF, weight 3.24 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, extending branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; SOLD
Laetitia is the Roman goddess of gaiety and joy, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. She is typically depicted on coinage with a wreath in her right hand, and a scepter, a rudder, or an anchor in her left hand.RB14383. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 90, SRCV III 11240, Cohen VI 75, Hunter IV -, aEF, weight 2.538 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG N (the joy of our Emperor), Laetitia standing left, wreath in right and anchor or baton in left; SOLD
From the Braithwell Hoard found 1 Sep 2002 by Mr. P. Leech at the village of Braithwell, South Yorkshire.RB56137. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 126; Braithwell Report 181-183 (37 examples in the hoard), EF, rough in part, weight 2.177 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVGG (the health of the two emperors), Salus standing left, feeding snake rising up from altar at feet from patera in right, anchor on ground in left; SOLD
Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D., Barbaric Imitative
During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.), the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change. The most frequently imitated prototypes are of the Gallic emperors Tetricus I and his son, Tetricus II.RB04070. Bronze barbarous radiate, Barbaric imitative antoninianus, bold EF, weight 2.70 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 170o, Unofficial mint, c. 271 - 284 A.D.; obverse [...] CVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse TEM [...] TAS (imitative of TEMPORVM FELICITAS), Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Aiello Collection; SOLD
Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.RB15284. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 148, SRCV III 11258, Cohen VI 207, Choice VF (for type), weight 2.506 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 273 - 274 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), soldier standing left holding spear in left and resting right hand on shield on ground; scarce; SOLD
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