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Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, Mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.
Tetricus I succeeded to the throne of the Gallic empire after the death of Victorinus. After three years of rule, the power of the separatist state had declined and in 273 A.D. Aurelian invaded. Tetricus I immediately abdicated rather than fight the vastly superior forces of Aurelian. Tetricus and his son were both honored by Aurelian and they lived quite comfortably in Rome.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.RA84348. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V-2 100, Hunter IV 6, Cohen VI 95, SRCV III 11243, VF, nice portrait, tight flan, uneven strike with some legend unstruck, weight 3.141 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 270 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reversePAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, extending olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; $45.00 (€38.25)
During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.), the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change. The most frequently imitated prototypes are of the Gallic emperors Tetricus I and his son, Tetricus II.RA79592. Billonantoninianus, RIC V-2 136, Cohen VI 170, SRCV III 11250, Hunter IV - (p. ci), VF, nice portrait, nice green patina, tight ragged flan with edge cracks, light scratches, earthen deposits, weight 2.640 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverseSPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton with left; ex Rusty Romans; $21.00 (€17.85)
The flan is about twice as thick and twice as heavy as typical for this type.SH35034. Billonantoninianus, RIC V-2 148, SRCV III 11258, Cohen VI 207, Schulzki AGK 14a, gVF, heavy flan, weight 7.644 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 5th emission, early 274 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseVIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Virtus standing left, spear in left hand, resting right hand on shield on ground; ex CNG 72 (Jun 2006), 2006 ($295.50 including fees), ex Douglas O. Rosenberg Collection; scarce; SOLD
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