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Gallic Empire, Victorinus, summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.
Victorinus succeeded Marius to the throne of the Gallic Empire. During his reign, Spain rejoined the rest of the Roman Empire. His officers, offended by his relentless pursuit of married women including their wives, murdered him.
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis Invicti, the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."RA25967. Billonantoninianus, RIC V-2 114, Schulzki AGK 9b, Cohen VI 49, Elmer 683, Mairat 257, Cunetio 2534, SRCV III 11170, Choice EF, superb portrait, nice reverse, beautiful chocolate patina - an exceptional coin for this emperor, weight 3.080 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse INVICTVS, Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left, star left; ex Jean Elesen, V 86, 381; SOLD
From the Braithwell Hoard found 1 Sep 2002 by Mr. P. Leech at the village of Braithwell, South Yorkshire. RA52926. Billonantoninianus, Cunetio 2550 (5 examples); Mairat 287; RIC V-2 78 var. (Virtus right); Braithwell Report 158 (1 example in the hoard), aEF, weight 3.610 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 4th emission, c. early 271 A.D.; obverse IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseVIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), soldier (Virtus?) standing left, right hand on grounded shield, spear vertical behind in left; very rare; SOLD
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (AequitasAugusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and AequitasAugusti.RA77907. Billonantoninianus, Schulzki AGK 1c, RIC V 41, Elmer 702, Cohen VI 8, SRCV III 11166, Hunter - (p. xcviii), gVF, nice for the issue, dark patina, excellent portrait, some die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.658 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C PI VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverseAEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex CNG/Seaby Coins; SOLD
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