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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ Magnia UrbicaView Options:  |  |  | 

Magnia Urbica, Augusta middle 283 - middle 285 A.D.

The wife of Carinus, who reigned 283 - 285 A.D., and mother of Nigrinian, Magnia Urbica is known only from her coins and few inscriptions.


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It was Sulla who in a dream first saw Venus as Venus Victrix (victorious Venus), with the weapons of Mars. He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrificing to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RA85025. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV, p. 216, 2; RIC V, part 2, 343 (S); Cohen VI 17; SRCV III 12424, VF, full circles centering, traces of silvering, corrosion, weight 3.845 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Rome mint, 284 - 285 A.D.; obverse MAGN VRBICA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing left, helmet in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet on left, KAς in exergue; scarce; $270.00 SALE PRICE $243.00
 


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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RA84361. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 349 (R2); Cohen VI 7; SRCV III 12419; Hunter IV - (p. clxviii), F, well centered, porous, rough, edge chip, weight 3.044 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 284 A.D.; obverse MAGNIAE VRBICAE AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders; reverse SALVS PVBLICA (health of the public), Salus enthroned left, from patera in right hand, feeding snake rising up from altar on left, A (1st officina) right, SMSXXI in exergue; very rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
 


Click for a larger photo
It was Sulla who in a dream first saw Venus as Venus Victrix (victorious Venus), with the weapons of Mars. He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrificing to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!

SH56932. Silvered antoninianus, Hunter IV, p. 216, 2; RIC V, part 2, 343 (S); Cohen VI 17; SRCV III 12424, VF, weight 2.859 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Rome mint, 284 - 285 A.D.; obverse MAGN VRBICA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing left, helmet in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet on left, KAς in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

MAGNIAEVRBICAEAVG
MAGNIAVRBICAAVG
MAGNVRBICAAVG
MAGVRBICAAVG
VRBICAMAGNAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Gricourt, D. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume IV: Caro - Diocleziano. (Verona, 2000).
King, C. Roman Quinarii from the Republic to Diocletian and the Tetrarchy. (Oxford, 2007).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Milani, L. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Pink, K. "Der Aufbau der Römischen münzprägung in der Kaiserzeit: VI/2. Carus und Söhne" in Numismatische Zeitschrift 80 (1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 24, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Magnia Urbica