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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ TacitusView Options:  |  |  | 

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

Tacitus was an elderly senator in the reign of Aurelian, and after the latter's death was selected as Augustus by the senate. After personally leading his army in a successful campaign against a Gothic invasion, the emperor, aged around 75, died.


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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In 276, Marcus Annius Florianus defeated the Goths and Alans who had invaded Asia Minor. After Tacitus was murdered or died of illness in June 276, Florianus was made emperor. After holding power only for some weeks, Florianus was assassinated by his own troops. Probus, age 44, was proclaimed the new Emperor of Rome.
RA86758. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3448 (65 spec.), RIC V-1 163, BnF XII 1706, Gloucester 741, La Venèra 1950 - 1977, Ciron IV 398, Choice EF, excellent portrait, full circles strike, near full silvering, tiny deposits, weight 3.931 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Ticinum mint, issue 2, early – Jun 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRIT PERP (everlasting security), Securitas standing facing, head left, legs crossed, right hand on head, left forearm resting on column, VI (6th officina) in exergue; ex Kirk Davis List 48 (Nov 2005); $175.00 (€148.75)
 


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RA86761. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3366 (9 spec.), RIC V-1 145, La Venèra 1304 - 1306, Cohen VI 60, SRCV V 11784, Choice EF, superb portrait, well centered on a broad flan, toning over intact silvering, weight 3.788 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Ticinum mint, 1st issue, Nov - Dec 275; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, wearing military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, S in exergue; $175.00 (€148.75)
 


Click for a larger photo
Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RA84987. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3408 (96 spec.), RIC V-1 145, BnF XII 1681, La Venèra 1565 - 1604, Gloucester 727, Maravielle 785, Hamburger Kunsthalle 1573, Choice VF, silvering, well centered, some light corrosion, weight 4.335 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, issue 2, early ? June 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, wearing crested helmet and military dress, olive branch raised in right hand, transverse spear and oval shield in left hand, S in exergue; $125.00 (€106.25)
 


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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA83503. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3539, RIC V-1 82, BnF XII 1604, Hunter IV 3, Venèra 549 - 561, Gloucester 690, Maravielle 708, Navis-Mühlen 142, Choice EF, well centered, much silvering, light marks, weight 3.342 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, issue 3, early 276 ? June 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ in right field, XXI in exergue; $90.00 (€76.50)
 


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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA67086. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 3267, Bastien IX 48, RIC-1 V 69, BnF XII 1434, Venèra 1164 - 1171, Maravielle 750, EF, grainy, weight 3.631 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 135o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, issue 1, Nov - Dec 275 A.D.; obverse IMP C CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, resting right hand on grounded shield, inverted spear in left hand; $40.00 (€34.00)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCCLTACITVSAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSINVICTAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSPAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSPFAVG
IMPCMCLTACITVSPFAVGVIRTVS
IMPCMCLATACITVSAVG
IMPCMCLATACITVSPAVG
IMPCMTACITVSINVICTVSPFAVG
IMPCTACITVSINVICTVSAVG
IMPCTACITVSPFINVICTVSAVG
IMPCTACTIVSAVG
IMPCLTACITVSAVG
IMPCLTACITVSPFAVG
IMPTACITVSINVICTVSAVG
MCLTACITVSPAVG
MCLTACITVSPFAVG


REFERENCES

Abdy, R., E. Besly & F. López-Sánchez. The Gloucester Hoard and other coin hoards of the Britannic Empire. CHRB XIII. (Wetteren, 2010).
Alföldi, A. Siscia, Vorarbeiten zu einem Corpus der in Siscia geprägten Römermünzen IV, Die Prägungen von Tacitus und Florianus. (Budapest, 1940).
Alram, M., R. Denk, & W. Szaivert. Die Münzsammlung des Augustiner-Chorherrenstiftes Klosterneuburg. TNRB 6. (1989).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
Besly, E. & R. Bland. "The Coleby, near Lincoln, hoard" in CHRB V (1984), pp. 22 - 60.
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Crnobrnja, N. The Hoard of Roman Coins from Svetozarevo, Valerian-Diocletian. (Svetozarevo, 1987).
Estiot, S. "Le double trésor de Colonne (Jura), terminus 298 AD" in TM XVII (1998), pp. 107-180.
Estiot, S. "Le Trésor de Maravielle" in TM V (1983), pp. 9 - 115.
Estiot, S. Monnaies de l'Empire Romain Volume XII - 1, D'Aurélien à Florien (270-276 après J.-C.). Bibliotheque nationale de France. (Paris, 2004).
Estiot, S., et al. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume II/2: Tacitus and Florianus. (Verona, 1987).
Estiot, S., M. Amandry & M. Bompaire. "Le Trésor de Sainte-Pallaye (Yonne): 8864 antoniniens de Valérien à Carin" in TM XIV (1993), pp. 39 - 124.
Franke, P. Die antiken Münzen der Sammlung Heynen. (Cologne, 1976).
Kellner, H., L. Zemmer-Plank, & E. Kellner. Ein römischer Münzschatz von Navis-Mühlen im Wipptal. (Innsbruck, 1984).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Mazzini, I. Monete Imperiali Romane. (Milan, 1957-1958).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V online) - http://www.ric.mom.fr
Milani, L. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Nesler, J., D. Hollard & M. Bompaire. "Le trésor de Ciron IV (Indre)" in TM XIX (2000), pp. 129-160.
Postel, R. Katalog der Antiken Münzen in der Hamburger Kunsthalle. (Hamburg, 1976).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, May 26, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Tacitus