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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ SeverinaView Options:  |  |  | 

Severina, Augusta spring 274 - November 275 A.D.

Severina was the wife of Aurelian. She was possibly the only Roman empress ever to rule in her own right, which she did during the interregnum after her husband's murder.


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There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
RA77731. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3187 (23 spec.), RIC V 20, BnF XII 1347 - 1349, Hunter IV 32, Bastien-Huvelin 189 - 192, SRCV III -, gVF, near full silvering, well centered, reverse center a little weak, flan crack, weight 3.664 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 6, early 275 – Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulder; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing slightly left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, P inner lower left, XXI in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex Kirk Davis; SOLD


Severina, Augusta Spring 274 - November 275 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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RX22034. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5506; Geissen 3103; Milne 4464, Curtis 1820; BMC Alexandria p. 308, 2380; Emmett 3966, gVF, weight 7.414 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, Aug 274 - Aug 275 A.D.; obverse OVΛΠ CEVHPINA CEB, diademed and draped bust right; reverse ETOVC S (year 6), eagle standing half-left, head right, wreath in beak; scarce; SOLD


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Severina probably married Aurelian before he became emperor in 270. They had a daughter. According to her coinage, she gained the title Augusta in the autumn of 274, though she may have had the title earlier. She also received the titles Pia (pious) and mater castrorum et senatus et patriae (mother of the barracks (armies), senate, and country). There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power.
RB22412. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 2405 (26 spec.), RIC V 13, Venèra 8851 - 8855, BnF XII 933, Gloucester 443, SRCV III 11706, Cohen VI 8, gVF, weight 3.776 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issue 9, autumn 274 - spring 275; obverse SEVERINAE AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, TXXI in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Severina was possibly the only Roman empress ever to rule in her own right, which she did during the interregnum after the murder of her husband Emperor Aurelian. David Sear notes the unusual obverse legend and the singular ending of the reverse legend on this type, strongly suggests that Severin was regarded at Antioch as the reigning empress and sole ruler when this coin was struck.
BB11263. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3199 (12 spec.), BnF XII 1357, Göbl MIR 382c1, RIC V 19 corr., SRCV III 11702, VF, weight 3.757 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 7th issue, Sep - Nov 275; obverse SEVERINA P F AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Severina and Aurelian (or Genius of the Senate?) clasping hands, P between, XXI in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
BB09249. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3193 (19 spec.), RIC V 20, BnF XII 1351 - 1352, Bastien-Huvelin 259, SRCV III -, VF, weight 3.91 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 6, early 275 – Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, Q low inner left, XXI in exergue; SOLD


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MER-RIC notes that it is practically impossible to distinguish between the Antioch CONCORDIAE MILITVM, 5th issue, MER-RIC 3179, Greek sigma officina mark, ς = 6th officina; and the 6th issue, MER-RIC 3189, Latin officina mark S = 2nd officina.
BB21051. Billon antoninianus, BnF XII 1321 (this hairstyle), MER-RIC 3179 or 3189, RIC V 20, Amasya 2399, VF, green patina, weight 3.388 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd or 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 5 or 6, spring 274 – Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, S inner lower left, XXI in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
RB46608. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1818 (52 spec.), Hunter IV 11, BnF XII 224 - 227, Venèra 1393 - 1417, Gloucester 180, Navis-Mühlen 113 - 115, RIC V 4, SRCV III 11705, VF, bold strike, weight 4.643 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, issue 11, early – Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, Γ in right field, XXIR in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
BB20095. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 2442 (22 spec.), RIC V 13, Venèra 8940 - 8944, BnF XII 954, Gloucester 452, Colonne 639, Komin 1084, SRCV III 11706, VF, weight 3.664 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issue 9, autumn 274 – spring 275; obverse SEVERINAE AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, IV in right field, XXI in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
RA21067. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3196 (24 spec.), BnF XII 1353 - 1354, Bastien-Huvelin 293 - 295, RIC V 20, SRCV III -, VF, weight 3.819 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 6, early 275 – Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, V inner lower left, XXI in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
BB08614. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3198 (12 spec.), RIC V 20, BnF XII 1355 - 1356, Bastien-Huvelin 316 - 319, SRCV III -, gVF, weight 4.32 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 6, early - Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIAE MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, VI inner left field, XXI in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Severina probably married Aurelian before he became emperor in 270. They had a daughter. According to her coinage, she gained the title Augusta in the autumn of 274, though she may have had the title earlier. She also received the titles Pia (pious) and mater castrorum et senatus et patriae (mother of the barracks (armies), senate, and country). There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power.
BB01311. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 2422 (13 spec.), Venèra 8922 - 8923, BnF XII 944, Thibouville 2258, RIC V 13, SRCV III 11706, Cohen VI 8, Hunter IV 29 var. (1st officina), EF, weight 3.60 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, 2nd officina, Siscia mint, issue 9, phase 3, autumn 274 – spring 275; obverse SEVERINAE AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, S in right field, XXI in exergue; scarce; SOLD








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OBVERSE LEGENDS

SEVERINAAVG
SEVERINAAVGVSTA
SEVERINAPFAVG
SEVERINAEAVG


REFERENCES

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Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
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Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V Online) http://www.ric.mom.fr
Pflaum, H., P. Bastien, "La trouvaille de monnaies romaines de Thibouville (Eure)" in Gallia XIX (1961), pp. 71-104; Gallia XX (1962), pp. 255-315.
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Catalog current as of Friday, September 22, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Severina