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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ Claudius IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemanni tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Commemorative Issued by Constantine the Great

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The reverse legend translates, "The rest and retirement of the best and most meritorious [emperors]," referring to the dead and deified emperors Claudius II Gothicus, Maximian and Constantius I. Constantine struck commemoratives with this reverse for each of those emperors, with whom he had familial connections.
RL88064. Billon half follis, RIC VII Thessalonica p. 503, 26 (2nd officina not listed); Cohen VI 245; SRCV IV 16399; Hunter V -, VF, well centered, slightly rough dark green patina, weight 1.518 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP, laureate and veiled head right; reverse REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM (retirement most deserved), emperor seated left on curule chair, raising right hand, short scepter downward in left, TSB in exergue; very rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Elpis the goddess of hope, the Greek equivalent of the Roman Spes, was traditionally defined as "the last goddess" (Spes, ultima dea), meaning that hope is the last resource available to men. In 268, Germanic Alamanni tribes invaded Italy north of the Po River. On this coin Claudius proclaims that he offers hope for the Empire. In November 268, Claudius II defeated the invading Alamanni along the banks of Lake Garda.
RX88874. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 3017; Dattari 5387; Curtis 1697; Milne 4197; BMC Alexandria p. 301, 2317; Kampmann-Ganschow 104.3; Emmett 3881; SNG Cop -, Choice VF, excellent portrait, flow lines, some porosity, edge split, weight 10.496 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, Sep 268 - 28 Aug 269 A.D; obverse AVT K KΛAV∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Elpis standing left, flower in extended right, raising fold of skirt with left, L - A (year 1) flanking across field; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


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Neptune was the god of freshwater and the sea in Roman religion. He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Neptune was the brother of Jupiter and Pluto; the brothers presided over the realms of Heaven, the earthly world, and the Underworld. Salacia was his consort. Neptune was likely associated with fresh water springs before the sea. Like Poseidon, Neptune was worshiped by the Romans also as a god of horses, under the name Neptunus Equester, a patron of horse-racing.
RA87973. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1044, Huvelin 1990 38, Komin 1267, Cohen VI 184, RIC V-1 214 var. (• or A in ex.), SRCV III 11353, aVF, well centered, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 3.917 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 3, c. early – mid 270; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate head left; reverse NEPTVN AVG, Neptune standing slightly left, head left, nude but for cloak on left shoulder, dolphin in right hand, trident vertical in left hand; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


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A scarce and popular historical type - the reverse commemorates Claudius' great victory over the Goths at Naissus in Upper Moesia.
RB88871. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 978 (7 spec.), Çanakkale 2439 - 2440, RIC V-1 252 var. (SPQR in ex.), SRCV III 11381 var. (SPQR in ex.), Cunetio -, Normanby -, aVF, well centered, some porosity, centers not fully struck, ragged edge, weight 3.413 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina(?), Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 4, c. mid 270 – Sep 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE GOTHIC (victory over the Goths), two captives seated at the base of a trophy of captured arms; rare; $55.00 (€46.75)
 


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This commemorative type was issued by Quintillus or Aurelian.
RL88872. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1278, RIC V-1 266, Venèra 10678 - 10884, Cunetio 2314, Normanby 1115, Hunter IV CD1, Cohen VI 46, SRCV III 11460, VF, centered on a tight flan, edge splits/cracks, weight 2.595 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, issue 1, c. end 270 – 271; obverse DIVO CLAVDIO, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle standing left, head right, wings open; $40.00 (€34.00)
 


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This commemorative type was issued by Quintillus or Aurelian.
RL88873. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1278, RIC V-1 266, Venèra 10678 - 10884, Cunetio 2314, Normanby 1115, Hunter IV CD1, Cohen VI 46, SRCV III 11460, VF/F, brown tone, ragged edge, weight 2.250 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, issue 1, c. end 270 – 271; obverse DIVO CLAVDIO, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle standing left, head right, wings open; $38.00 (€32.30)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVOCLAVDIO
DIVOCLAVDIOGOTHICO
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMOIMP
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMP
IMPCCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCLAVDIVSAVG


REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 20, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Claudius II