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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ Claudius IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemanni tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.


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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA84409. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1060, RIC V-1 225, Cohen VI 316, Huvelin 1990 23, Komin 1281, Bastien-Huvelin 77, aVF, gray metal, grainy surfaces, weight 3.259 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 3, c. early - mid 270; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Minerva standing right, wearing crested helmet, vertical spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, no control or mintmark; $28.00 (€23.80)
 


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

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The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by Serapis, was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. Julian II consulted the oracle of Apollo for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and Serapis were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.
BB85274. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC temp 1021 (60 spec.), Huvelin Antioche 8, Hunter IV 74, RIC V-1 201 (S), gF, well centered, earthen encrusted, weight 3.272 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. end 268 – end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CONSER AVG, Serapis standing facing, head left, right hand raised, scepter in left hand down at side, Γ in exergue; scarce; $20.00 (€17.00) ON RESERVE


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A scarce and popular historical type - the reverse commemorates Claudius' great victory over the Goths at Naissus in Upper Moesia.
BB67670. Billon antoninianus, Normanby 1107 (1 spec.), RIC V-1 252 var. (draped and SPQR in ex), SRCV III 11381 var. (SPQR in ex), Cunetio -, EF, weight 3.470 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate head right, two pellets below; reverse VICTORIAE GOTHIC (victory over the Goths), two captives seated at the base of a trophy of captured arms; ; very rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVOCLAVDIO
DIVOCLAVDIOGOTHICO
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMOIMP
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMP
IMPCCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCLAVDIVSAVG


REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Saturday, May 26, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Claudius II