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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ Claudius IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemani tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.


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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB71443. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 32, Cohen VI 79, Normanby 629 var (2nd officina), SRCV II 11331, EF, well centered, edge chip, weight 3.413 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 268 - 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS AVG, Felicitas standing half left, long caduceus vertical in right, cornucopia in left; $120.00 (€104.40)
 


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Click on Isis Faria, sistrum or situla to read about them in Forum's NumisWiki!
RS65544. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 217, Cohen VI 255, F, weight 3.513 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 315o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SALV-S AVG, Isis Faria standing left, sistrum in right, situla in left, usually an officina letter in exergue (off flan); scarce; $60.00 (€52.20)
 


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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
BB69510. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 242, Hunter -, SRCV III -, Normanby -, gVF, dark toning, double struck, flan crack, weight 3.196 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVG, Salus standing right feeding snake held in both hands, SPQR in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $60.00 (€52.20)
 


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In November 268, at the Battle of Lake Benacus a Roman army of 35,000 men under emperor Claudius II defeated the Germanic tribes of the Alamanni along the banks of Lake Garda.
RA72404. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 26, Venèra Hoard 9073, RIC V 168, Cohen VI 284, aEF, tight flan, weight 4.053 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 1st emission, c. Sep 268 - mid 269; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA, Spes standing left, raising flower in right, raising fold of drapery with left, P in exergue; ex Robert T. Golan; $50.00 (€43.50)
 


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

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In 268, Gallienus was murdered by his senior officers while besieging the would-be usurper Aureolus in Mediolanum (Milan). The Senate charged Marcus Aurelius Claudius with Gallienus' murder but it was never proven. The accused became the new emperor, Claudius II.
RB62041. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 157, SRCV 3215, Cohen VI 202, Choice gVF, weight 4.608 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 315o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG, Pax walking left, extending olive-branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left, T in ex; some silvering remaining; $36.00 (€31.32)
 


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RB66285. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 171, SRCV III 11379, VF, uneven strike, weight 3.723 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 268 - 269 A.D.; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right, wreath extended in right, palm frond over shoulder in left, S in ex; $36.00 (€31.32)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVOCLAVDIO
DIVOCLAVDIOGOTHICO
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMOIMP
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMP
IMPCCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCLAVDIVSAVG


REFERENCES

Besly, E. and R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Burnett, A. and R. F. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1988).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Mattingly, H. Sydenham & Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V Online) http://www.ric.mom.fr/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).

Catalog current as of Monday, August 31, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Claudius II