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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ Claudius IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemani tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.


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Click on Isis Faria, sistrum or situla to read about them in Forum's NumisWiki!
RS65544. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1059, RIC V 217, Huvelin NAC XIX 43, Hunter IV 83, Cohen VI 255, F, weight 3.513 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 315o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 3, c. early - mid 270; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate head left; reverse SALV-S AVG, Isis Faria standing left, sistrum in right, situla in left, usually an officina letter in exergue (off flan); scarce; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
BB69510. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 816 (4 spec.), RIC V 242, Hunter -, Normanby -, Venèra Hoard -, SRCV III -, gVF, dark toning, double struck, flan crack, weight 3.196 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 1, phase 2, c. end 268 - early 269; obverse IMP C M AVR CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVG, Salus standing right feeding snake held in both hands, SPQR in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. On coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - the last resort of men.
RA72586. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 26, RIC V 168, Venèra Hoard 9073, Normanby 1004, Hunter IV 62, Cohen VI 284, SRCV III 11374, VF, grainy, weight 2.714 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 315o, 1st officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, issue 1, c. September 268 - mid 269; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA, Spes standing left, flower in right, raising fold of drapery with left, P in exergue; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
BB75791. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 219, RIC V 14, Hunter IV 6, Normanby 652, Venèra Hoard 7089 - 7161, Cunetio 1976, cf. SRCV III 11316 (Antioch, etc.), gVF, part of reverse legend weak, small flan cracks, weight 2.581 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Rome mint, issue 1, c. September 268 - end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing front, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $36.00 (€31.68)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVOCLAVDIO
DIVOCLAVDIOGOTHICO
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMOIMP
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMP
IMPCCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCLAVDIVSAVG


REFERENCES

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1988).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Huvelin, H. "L'atelier d'Antioche sous Claude II" in NAC XIX (1990), pp. 251-271.
Ireland, S. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Coins in the Museum at Amasya (Ancient Amaseia), Turkey. RNS Special Publication No. 33. (London, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V Online) http://www.ric.mom.fr/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 09, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Claudius II