, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.
When ruled , he was not called emperor or , he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.RB71623. , 8 (also 5th , unbroken leg.), , 2, 366; IV 418 (24 ex.); p. 24; 12219; 76, EF, excellent centering, much , some , 3.529 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, 5th , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as , Nov/Dec 282 - Feb/Mar 283 A.D.; NVMERIANVS , , draped, and right, from behind; (to the Prince of Youth), walking left, baton in right hand, long transverse in left hand, VXXI in ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Adventus types commemorate the emperor's arrival at , either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.RA76334. , , 2, 904 (S); 69; , p. 43; 311 var. (1st ); cf. 11195 ( mint, etc.), gVF, green with some remaining, 4.393 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 2nd , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; (the valor of Emperor ), , helmeted, and left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval decorated with charging horseman on left arm; PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor ), on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, B in ; ; $280.00 (€249.20)
, Augusta Mid 283 - Mid 285 A.D.
It was who in a dream first saw as (victorious ), with the weapons of . He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of in . In the night before the battle of 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas was sacrificing to , but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RA85025. , , p. 216, 2; , 2, 343 (S); 17; 12424, VF, full circles centering, traces of , corrosion, 3.845 g, maximum 22.6 mm, 180o, 6th , mint, 284 - 285 A.D.; VRBICA AVG, diademed and draped right, crescent behind shoulders, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of and running under ; (victorious ), standing left, helmet in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, grounded at feet on left, KAς in ; ; $270.00 (€240.30)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278, defeated the , expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the defenses on the Rhine, resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces of the Roman Empire, and adopted the titles of and .RA76279. , , p. 63; RIC, 2, V 376 (S) var. ( ); 283 var. (same); 131 var. (same, and ); 11984 (same), aEF, some mint luster, most remains, fantastic heroic , light corrosion, 3.341 g, maximum 22.8 mm, 0o, 5th , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4 emission, 278 A.D.; (the valor of Emperor ), left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for over right shoulder and rectangular with square corner in on left shoulder; HERCVLI PACIF (to the pacifier), standing left, raising branch in extended right, club and skin in left, in ; very ; $260.00 (€231.40)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278, defeated the , expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles and .RA76944. , 32 (also 3rd ); , 22, 185; 530; , p. 56-57/4; -, EF, near full , portrait, light marks, 4.097 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , mint, emission 4, 279 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, and right; ROMAE (eternal ), statue of seated facing inside a temple, left, in right, long in left hand, R pellet in crescent with horns up Γ in ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.
An interesting inscribed "The Peace of the Army" and displaying the goddess Pax holding a military . The message was perhaps analogous to the renaming of the U.S. Department of War to the Department of Defense in 1949.RB71580. , 56; , p. 26; 75 var. (no drapery); 14 var. (slight drapery); 12175 var. ( ), aEF, near full , excellent centering and strike, unusual , a few small encrustations, very light corrosion, 3.312 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 0o, 1st , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, Oct - Dec 282; IMP CARVS , , draped, and right; PAX EXERCITI, Pax standing slightly left, left, raising olive branch in right hand, vertical behind in left hand, PXXI in ; variant; $200.00 (€178.00)
, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.
When this coin was struck in 282, was the Prince of Youth, full of promise. Later he would be remembered as one of the worst . This infamy is, however, likely fiction, supported by himself. For example, the (unreliable) Augusta has marrying nine wives, while neglecting to mention his only real wife, , by whom he had a son, Nigrinianus. After his death, Carinus' memory was officially condemned in the Roman proceeding known as . His name, along with that of his wife, was erased from inscriptions.RS71588. , IV 390 (LV 4227); , 2, 182; 97; 71; , p. 28; 12302, EF, most remains, and struck, nice portrait, some , 4.627 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 0o, 4th , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 2nd issue as , 282 - 283 A.D.; CARINVS , , draped, and right; (to the Prince of Youth), standing left, globe in extended right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, bound captive seated left at feet on left, QXXI in ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Palmyrene Empire, and , 270 - 275 A.D.
, son of the Palmyran Odenathus and , was declared but defeated his forces. He and were then taken to where they lived in great comfort. The abbreviated titles of most likely were, Vir Clarissimus Romanorum (or Rex) Dux Romanorum. The of are interesting because they display both the Roman laurel and the Hellenistic royal diadem.RA85177. , 3106, 1246, 353a4, 381, 1, 11718, -, EF, bold full circles strike, 3.563 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 180o, 4th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, and of right, from the front, ∆ below; VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped, and of right, from behind; $190.00 (€169.10)
, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.
The is an interesting notation of five, using U instead of the usual V or E. This notation only became common on coins, at a much later date. RIC 163 also records six for the , written in Latin, VI. lists this as sixth (UI).SH77276. , 3449, 163, 1704, 1928 - 1949, 11812, EF, excellent portrait, , near full , 4.052 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 345o, 5th , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 2nd emission, early-mid 276 A.D.; IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, and right; (everlasting security), standing left, raising right hand to , resting left elbow on column, U in ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $180.00 (€160.20)
, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
In 274, greeted as Restitutor ("Restorer of the World") and accorded him a magnificent triumph ( procession), which was graced by his captives I and his son . Aurelian's conquests of the Palmyran Empire and reunited the Roman Empire.
RA83500. , 1854, 73, 1503, 260, 257, VF, excellent centering, , 2.756 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 0o, 2nd , mint, 11th issue, early - Sep 275 A.D.; IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and right; (the of the Emperor), walking left, extended in right, frond in left, bound captive in Parthian garb seated left on left at Victory's feet, turned back looking at , B in ; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
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