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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Pupienus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Pupienus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

Pupienus was elected along with Balbinus to end the reign of the brutal thug Maximinus. A military stalemate ensued, until Maximinus was murdered by his own troops. However, the general population and more importantly the Praetorian guard held little respect for the two ex-senators and they were murdered after a reign of 99 days.


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A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus was lynched by his bodyguard. Balbinus was beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.
SH91233. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV-1 14 (S), Cohen V 15, BMCRE VI 10, Hunter III 16, SRCV III 8531, VF/F, black patina, scratches, reverse rough, weight 21.051 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGVSTORVM (the generosity of the Emperor), Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C divided across lower half of the field; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 76 (7 Apr 2019), part of lot 942; scarce; $360.00 (316.80)


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RIC does not include this type; Cohen 43 was left out as doubtful. Curtis Clay informed us that Cohen 43 quotes Mionnet, who is probably relying on Vaillant. Vaillant in his 1682 ed. cites Dux Sabaudiae, the Royal coll. at Turin. The BMC specimen is a St. Urbain forgery, Pink, Num. Chron. 1933, pl. XX,.5
SH15421. Silver denarius, RSC III 43, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 8529, RIC IV-1 - (p. 176 note), BMCRE VI - (15* pl. 44, modern forgery), Choice EF, weight 2.906 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VOTIS / DECENNA / LIBVS in wreath, near full centering, traces of luster; extremely rare; SOLD


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The reverse refers to the harmony and friendship of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. Because they were quarreling they were unable to put up a joint defense against the praetorians. They were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH76157. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV-1 20, Banti 1, Cohen V 7 (12 fr.), BMCRE VI 43, Hunter III 12, SRCV III 8530, aVF, superb portrait, well centered, toned brass with touches of green, areas of light corrosion, weight 20.257 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, later issue; obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG (harmony among the three emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in extended right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCAESMCLODPVPIENVSAVG
IMPCAESPVPIENMAXIMVSAVG
IMPCMCLODPVPIENVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 18, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Pupienus