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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Pupienus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Pupienus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

Pupienus was elected along with Balbinus to end the reign of the brutal thug Maximinus. A military stalemate ensued, until Maximinus was murdered by his own troops. However, the general population and more importantly the Praetorian guard held little respect for the two ex-senators and they were murdered after a reign of 99 days.

Click for a larger photoPupienus
RIC does not include this type; Cohen 43 was left out as doubtful. Curtis Clay informed us that Cohen 43 quotes Mionnet, who is probably relying on Vaillant. Vaillant in his 1682 ed. cites Dux Sabaudiae, the Royal coll. at Turin. The BMC specimen is a St. Urbain forgery, Pink, Num. Chron. 1933, pl. XX,.5
SH15421. Silver denarius, RSC III 43, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 8529, RIC IV-1 - (p. 176 note), BMCRE VI - (15* pl. 44, modern forgery), Choice EF, weight 2.906 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VOTIS / DECENNA / LIBVS in wreath, near full centering, traces of luster; extremely rare; SOLD

Click for a larger photoPupienus
The reverse refers to the harmony and friendship of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. Because they were quarreling they were unable to put up a joint defense against the praetorians. They were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH76157. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV-1 20, Banti 1, Cohen V 7 (12 fr.), BMCRE VI 43, Hunter III 12, SRCV III 8530, aVF, superb portrait, well centered, toned brass with touches of green, areas of light corrosion, weight 20.257 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, later issue; obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG (harmony among the three emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in extended right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; scarce; SOLD

Click for a larger photoPupienus
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
SH53595. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 4 (S); RSC III 22, BMCRE VI 46, Hunter III 4, SRCV III 8526, Choice EF, full circles strike, very sharp portrait, near mint state but for the addition of attractive toning, weight 2.908 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax seated left, olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand; rare; SOLD





Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 19, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Pupienus