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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Gordian II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Gordian II Africanus, c. 18 or 22 March - c. 12 April 238 A.D.

Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus was the son of Gordian I and proclaimed Augustus by his father during the senatorial revolt against the cruel emperor Maximinus. Gordian II led the improvised military campaign, but was easily defeated and killed. His body was unrecognizable after the carnage. Hearing the news, his father committed suicide.


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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
SH05253. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 3; RSC III 14; BMCRE VI 30, EF, some mint luster, very light scratches, weight 2.61 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Virtus standing left, right hand on shield, holding reversed spear; rare; SOLD


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SH03416. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 5; BMCRE VI 19; Cohen V 5 (120 Fr.), MS, weight 3.64 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, leaning on column, globe at feet; near perfectly centered and boldly struck - suitable for the finest collection; SOLD


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SH08390. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV-1 5; Cohen V 9, aVF, bold and fine portrait; no signs of the tooling or smoothing that often plagues these rare coins, weight 18.57 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Mar-Apr 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), Roma seated left on shield (throne back also visible in background) holding Victory on globe and scepter, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; SOLD


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SH32818. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 2; BMCRE VI 28; RSC III 12, Choice VF, weight 2.821 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm; full circles strike, very dark toning; rare; SOLD


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The son of Gordian I, he was proclaimed Augustus by his father during the senatorial revolt against Maximinus. Gordian II led the improvised military campaign, but was easily defeated and killed. His body was unrecognizable after the carnage. Hearing the news, his father committed suicide.
SH77264. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 5 (S); Cohen V 9; BMCRE VI p. 247, 23; Hunter III 6; SRCV III 8470, F, large edge chip, corrosion, weight 19.436 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Mar - Apr 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), Roma seated left on shield (throne back also visible in background) holding Victory on globe and scepter, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; rare; SOLD








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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSAFRAVG
IMPMANTGORDIANVSAFRAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Caliců, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, October 21, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Gordian II