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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Valerian IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D.

Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus (Valerian II) was the son of Gallienus and Salonina, Grandson of Valerian I and Mariniana, and was raised to the rank of Caesar upon his father's accession. He died two years later.


Valerian I, Gallienus & Valerian II Caesar, 256 - 258 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia

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Nicaea remained an important town throughout the imperial period. Although only 70 km (43 miles) from Constantinople, Nicaea did not lose its importance when Constantinople became the capital of the Eastern Empire. The city suffered from earthquakes in 358, 362 and 368; after the last of which, it was restored by Valens. During the Middle Ages, it was a long time bulwark of the Byzantine emperors against the Turks.
RP88854. Bronze AE 24, SNGvA 720 (same obv. die); Rec Gen II.3 p. 504, 824; BMC Pontus p. 176, 151 corr.; SNG Cop -; SNG Tübingen -, F, dark brown patina, porosity, light earthen deposits, tight flan, central depressions, weight 8.315 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 180o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, 256 - 258 A.D.; obverse AVT OVAΛEPIANOC / ΓAΛΛHNOC / OYAΛEPIAN/ANOC in four lines arcing above, confronted radiate, draped and cuirassed busts of Valerian I, on left, and Gallienus, on right; bare headed bust of Valerian II right between them; CEBB below; reverse three prize crowns, the middle containing two palm fronds, the outer two each containing one palm frond, MEΓICTΩN APIC/TΩN arcing in two lines above, NICAIEΩN in exergue; scarce; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


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Valerian II was son of Gallienus and Salonina, Grandson of Valerian I and Mariniana. He was raised to the rank of Caesar upon his father's accession but died only two years later.
RS86675. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 911e, SRCV III 10606, RIC V-1 9 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 5, Choice EF, among the finest examples of the type, nearly as struck, light toning, much luster, slight double strike, some die wear, edge cracks, weight 3.058 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, posthumous, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse DIVO VALERIANO CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse CONSECRATIO, Valerian II carried into the heavens seated on eagle flying right, waiving his right hand, scepter in his left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; SOLD


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Superb angelic portrait of unusual style. Natural rainbow toning.
RA07626. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 265h, RIC V-1 27, RSC IV 7, SRCV III -, aEF, struck with cracked die, slightly irregular flan, slight porosity on reverse, weight 3.96 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse DIVO CAES VALERIANO, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle standing right head left, S in exergue; from the Scott Collection; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CPLVALERIANVSCAES
CORLICVALERIANVSCAES
CORVALERIANVSCAESAR
DIVOCAESVALERIANO
DIVOCAESARVALERIANO
DIVOCAESARIVALERIANO
DIVOVALERIANOCAES
LICVALERIANVSCAES
PCLVALERIANVSCAES
PCLVALERIANVSNC
PCLVALERIANVSNOBC
PCLVALERIANVSNOBCAES
PLICCORVALERIANVSCAES
PLICVALERIANVSCAES
VALERIANVSCAES
VALERIANVSNOBILCAES


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1988).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham, & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, April 20, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Valerian II