This coin was dedicated to the fidelity of the Pretorian Guard or perhaps to "the leaders." In either case, in the end, lost the fidelity of his guard and officers. He was ambushed and murdered by his own men. The future emperors and were likely both involved in the conspiracy leading to his assassination.RA90710. , 518d, S568 ( ), 216 ( ), 10211, p. lx, -, VF/F, nice portrait, , ragged cutting off the tops of letters, cracks, some corrosion, 2.035 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 262 - 263 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, right; , legionary ( ) between two legionary standards, the standards on the left topped with a wreath, the standards on the right topped with an open hand; RIC lists this as common but market evidence clearly indicates it is ; ; $160.00 (€140.80)
In 257 A.D. the Franks invaded Gaul, reaching as far as Spain, where they destroyed Terraco (Tarragona). Also, the Alamanii invaded Italy, but defeated them near . In 258, created a permanent mobile army from a number of cavalry vexillations to act as a standing reserve force.RS64095. Silver , 879l, 895, J29, 10339, VF, 3.505 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 0o, Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 257 - 258 A.D.; GALLIENVS • P • F • AVG, , draped and right; , standing half left, in military dress, cloaked, spear in left, raising kneeling with right; $150.00 (€132.00)
was the Roman goddess of health. She was to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of , the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.RA71411. , 1354i, S512, 932, -, EF, no wear but small areas of light corrosion, on , 3.373 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 180o, 2nd , Mediolanum ( , Italy) mint, 267 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, , draped, and right; , standing right, feeding snake in right from in left, MS in ; $135.00 (€118.80)
This coin was dedicated to Gallienus' relations with the army. eventually fell out of harmony with his guard and officers. He was ambushed and murdered by his own men. The future emperors and were likely both involved in the conspiracy leading to his assassination.
SH77278. Silver , 15u, J132, 131a, 10190, J3, VF, excellent portrait, metal, , , flatly struck centers, 3.700 g, maximum 23.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 254 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, and right, from the front; CONCORDIAE EXERCIT (Harmony with the army), standing facing, left, in right hand, double in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $130.00 (€114.40)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
RIC lists this as common, but lists only a single specimen, and Coin archives lists only one from the first and none from the second.RA71050. , 1212f (1 example), S494, 686, -, VF, uneven , light corrosion, 1.781 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 180o, 2nd , Mediolanum ( , Italy) mint, 266 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, right; , Sol standing half left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left, S in ; ; $125.00 (€110.00)
In 257, Valerian's persecution of Christians began. His edict ordered bishops and priests to sacrifice according to the pagan rituals, and prohibited Christians, under penalty of death, from meeting at the tombs of their deceased.RS67084. Silver , 870f, J22 ( ), 397 ( ), 10246, VF, full circles strike, grainy, 4.421 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 45o, Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 257 A.D.; IMP GALLIENVS AVG, , draped and right; , Jupiter standing slightly left on inscribed ( cum exercitu suo - the Emperor with his army), in right, long vertical behind in left; $120.00 (€105.60)
Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the of the gods, Jupiter favored those in positions of authority similar to his own. For a time at least, it appears Jupiter favored . He ruled for another 14 years, which was a long reign in the age of the Thirty Pretenders. Alas, it seems every emperor eventually fell from favor since none of them are alive today.RA64622. Silver , 26u, J143, 377, 10241, VF, , centered, , 3.501 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Aug 253 - Aug 254 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, and right; , Jupiter standing facing, nude but for cloak behind, left, thunderbolt in right, long vertical behind in left; ; $110.00 (€96.80)
In Roman mythology, and , were the twin sons of the Virgin , fathered by the god of war, . They were abandoned in the as infants. , a shepherd, found the infants being suckled by the she-wolf ( ) at the foot of the Palatine . Their cradle, in which they had been abandoned, was on the overturned under a fig tree. and his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the children. was the first of Rome.RA73653. , 1628c, 46b, S628, S194, 10171 var. ( left), gVF, full circles strike on a broad , much , porous, 3.435 g, maximum 22.8 mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 264 - 265 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, and draped right, seen from behind; , she-wolf standing right, left, the twins and suckling below, branch right in ; $85.00 (€74.80)
, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of
The empire is history but Rome is today, the Eternal City.
During the Early Middle Ages, the population fell to a mere 20,000, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation.RL74575. , 1605c (7 spec.), J67; 103, 10651 var. ( or wreath above, uncertain Syrian mint), J35 ff. var. (same), VF, very broad , small crack, 2.817 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; AVG, draped right, wearing , hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of , thin crescent behind shoulders; , emperor on left standing right, receiving from , seated left, spear vertical behind in her left hand, grounded behind against her near side; $85.00 (€74.80)
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.
RA77437. , 1666k, S612, 1245, 10403, EF, near full with some luster, excellent centering, parts of legends weak, slight , 3.567 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 267 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, , draped and right; , Soldier standing right, spear vertical behind with point up in right hand, resting left hand on grounded , PXV in ; $85.00 (€74.80)
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