, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, below; ex Russian Coins; $450.00 (€391.50)
in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people, and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others. RS64726. , 1684l (Samosata), 285 (Antioch), 152, 9955 (uncertain Syrian mint), VF, 3.930 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 180o, Syrian mint, 256 - 258 A.D.; IMP C VALERIANVS , , draped and right; , Valerian and standing , sacrificing over between them, each togate and holding short ; $45.00 (€39.15)
This ironic utterly failed to foresee Valerian's fate. In 260 A.D., after four years of great losses in battle and to plague, Valerian arranged for talks. He set off with a small group to discuss terms with the (Parthian) Emperor Shapur but was never seen again. The date of his death is unknown. In Rome it was rumored that Shapur used his stuffed body as a footstool.
RIC assigns this issue to Antioch but MIR gives the issue to a second Eastern mint located at Samosata.RS40231. , 1700q (Samosata), 287 (Antioch), 9967 (uncertain Syrian mint), aVF, 3.496 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Syrian mint, 258 - 260 A.D.; IMP C VALERIANVS , , draped and right; , turreted female (the Orient) presenting wreath to the Emperor standing left holding spear, above; $27.00 (€23.49)
In 256 A.D., the cities in the Roman Empire begin to build walls as the defense of the frontiers collapsed. The Goths invaded , was lost, and they appeared at the walls of . The Franks crossed the Rhine. The penetrated to . In , the Berbers massacred Roman . Shapur I invaded and and plundered Antioch, Zeugma, and Dura-Europos.BB57680. , 1687e, 9995 (uncertain Syrian mint), 293 (Antioch), 276, VF, 4.155 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, Samosata (Adiyman Province. Turkey) mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; IMP C VALERIANVS , , draped and right; , Valerian and standing facing; Valerian on left, in right, globe in left; on right offering to Valerian, transverse spear in left; $3.99 (€3.47)
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