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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Aemilian||View Options:  |  |  |   

Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.

M. Aemilius Aemilianus was born in Mauretania and rose to become governor of Moesia during the reign of Trebonianus Gallus. Aemilian bribed his troops to declare him emperor, using money intended for the Goths to maintain peace. When he invaded Italy, the troops of Gallus and Volusian switched sides and murdered the two co-emperors. However, when the forces of the future emperor Valerian entered Italy, Aemilian suffered the same fate as his predecessors. He was murdered after a reign of about 88 days.


Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.
Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RS86381. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 15 (R), RSC IV 23, SRCV III 9835, Hunter - (p. cxi), gVF, well centered and struck on a tight fla, light toning, porosity, light cleaning marks, weight 3.327 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jul/Aug - Oct 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, shield and inverted spear in left hand; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.
This coin was dedicated to Jupiter the protector. Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.
RS50448. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 14 (R), RSC IV 17, SRCV III 9834, Hunter - (p. cxi), VF, slightly ragged flan, reverse die a bit worn, well centered, weight 2.955 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Jul/Aug - Oct 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVAT (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude, thunderbolt in right, long scepter in left hand, protecting a small togate figure of the emperor at his feet left; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
SH06957. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 20 (R), RSC IV 48, SRCV III 9844, Hunter III - (p. cxi), gVF+, master engraver portrait, struck with damaged reverse die,, weight 3.34 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes advancing left holding flower and raising drapery; from the Scott Collection; SOLD


Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia

Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia
Aegae (or Aigai, Aegaeae, Aigaiai, Aegeae, Aigeai) was a town on the coast of ancient Cilicia, on the north side of the Bay of Issus, near modern Yumurtalik. It is now separated from the outlet of the Pyramus (the modern Ceyhan) by a long narrow estuary called Gulf of Alexandretta. In Strabo's time it was a small city with a port. Aegae was a Greek town, its original inhabitants are unknown. It was Christianised at an early date.
RP17602. Bronze AE 28, RPC Online IX 1463 (5 spec.), Haymann 239, SNG Levante 1789, SNG Cop -, SNG BnF -, aVF, rough porous dark patina, weight 17.107 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 180o, Cilicia, Aegeae (near Yumurtalik, Turkey) mint, c. 253 A.D.; obverse [AYT AIMI]ΛIO C AIMIΛIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AIΓEAIWN NEWKO NAVAPXI, Asklepios standing facing, leaning on snake staff within tetrastyle temple, eagle on pediment, dated ΘϘC (year 299) in exergue; rare; SOLD


Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia
Aemilian only ruled for 88 days!

Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, Antiocheia was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. Paul visited Antiochia on his missionary journeys (Acts 13:14, 14:24). The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP82957. Bronze AE 22, RPC Online IX 1298 (16 spec.); Krzyzanowska I/1, I/3; SNG Hunterian 2141; SNG Tbingen 4416; BMC Lycia p. 200, 137; SNG Cop -, VF, well centered, green patina, porous, weight 5.490 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug - Oct 253 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AEM AEMILIONO AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANTIOCHI OCL A S R, aquila (legionary eagle) between two legionary standards, S - R flanking base of aquila; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.
SH80797. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 4 (R), RSC IV 16, Hunter III 11, SRCV III 9833, VF, flat reverse, weight 2.449 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, Jul/Aug - Oct 253 A.D.; obverse IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVAT (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing facing, head left, thunderbolt in right, spear vertical in left, protecting a small figure of the emperor at his feet left; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.
In Roman mythology, Diana was the goddess of the hunt, the moon and childbirth, associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals. Oak groves were especially sacred to her. She was equated with the Greek goddess Artemis, though she had an independent origin in Italy. In myth, Diana was born with her twin brother Apollo on the island of Delos, daughter of Jupiter and Latona. Diana was known to be the virgin goddess of childbirth and women. She was one of the three maiden goddesses, along with Minerva and Vesta, who swore never to marry.
RS23066. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 2b (R), RSC IV 10, Hunter III 9, SRCV III 9831, F, weight 3.059 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse DIANAE VICTRI, Diana standing half left holding bow in left hand and arrow in right; rare; SOLD


Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia
Aemilian only ruled for 88 days!

Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, Antiocheia was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. Paul visited Antiochia on his missionary journeys (Acts 13:14, 14:24). The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP83402. Bronze AE 22, RPC Online IX 1299 (10 spec.), Krzyzanowska I Volusian 30 (I/5, SNG Hunterian 2142, McClean 8967, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, VF, weight 5.444 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug - Oct 253 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AEM AEMILIONO AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANTIOCHI LCO A, aquila (legionary eagle) between two legionary standards, S - R flanking base of aquila; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.
Victoria or Nike, the Winged Goddess of Victory, personifies victory. She was described variously in different myths as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves.
RS91607. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11 (R), RSC IV 53, SRCV III 9846, Hunter - (p. cxi), VF, toned, nice portrait, flow lines, die wear, slightly ragged flan edge with small splits, weight 3.375 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; SOLD


Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

Click for a larger photoAemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior
Aemilian only ruled for 88 days!

Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP89365. Bronze AE 27, RPC Online IX 89; H-J Viminacium 96 (R5); Varbanov I 229 (R8); BMC Thrace p. 20, 47; SNG Cop 172; SNG Mnchen 225; AMNG I/I 185; McClean 4350, F, well centered, toned copper surfaces, weight 8.562 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AEMIL AEMILIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XIV (year 14 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; rare; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPAEMILIANVSPFAVG
IMPAEMILIANVSPIVSFELAVG
IMPCAESAEMILIANVSPFAVG
IMPMAEMILAEMILIANVSPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 19, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Aemilian