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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Aemilian||View Options:  |  |  | 

Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.

M. Aemilius Aemilianus was born in Mauretania and rose to become governor of Moesia during the reign of Trebonianus Gallus. Aemilian bribed his troops to declare him emperor, using money intended for the Goths to maintain peace. When he invaded Italy, the troops of Gallus and Volusian switched sides and murdered the two co-emperors. However, when the forces of the future emperor Valerian entered Italy, Aemilian suffered the same fate as his predecessors. He was murdered after a reign of about 88 days.


|Aemilian|, |Aemilian,| |July| |or| |August| |-| |October| |253| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
SH34977. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 6 (R), RSC IV 25, SRCV III 9837, Eauze hoard 1111 (9 spec.), Cohen 25 (6 Fr.), gVF, uneven toning, weight 2.879 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PROPVGT (to Mars the defender), Mars standing left in military dress, right resting hand on grounded shield, reversed spear vertical in left; from the Scott Collection, ex Harlan Berk; rare; SOLD


|Aemilian|, |Aemilian,| |July| |or| |August| |-| |October| |253| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
SH45505. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 21 (R), RSC IV 52, Hunter III 5, SRCV III 9845, gVF, weight 3.545 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; rare; SOLD


Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

|Viminacium|, |Aemilian,| |July| |or| |August| |-| |October| |253| |A.D.,| |Viminacium,| |Moesia| |Superior|, |AE| |28|
Aemilian only ruled for 88 days!

Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP84857. Bronze AE 28, RPC Online IX 89; H-J Viminacium 96 (R5); Varbanov I 229 (R8); BMC Thrace p. 20, 47; SNG Cop 172; SNG MŁnchen 225; AMNG I/I 185; McClean 4350, VF, well centered, marks and scratches, light porosity, weight 11.721 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 45o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AEMIL AEMILIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XIV (year 14 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPAEMILIANVSPFAVG
IMPAEMILIANVSPIVSFELAVG
IMPCAESAEMILIANVSPFAVG
IMPMAEMILAEMILIANVSPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Caliců, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, February 24, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Aemilian