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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ VolusianView Options:  |  |  | 

Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

Gaius Vibius Afinius Gallus Vedumnianus Volusian was the son of Trebonianus Gallus and was given the rank of Caesar when his father became emperor. After emperor Hostilian was killed, he was raised to the rank of Augustus. He was assassinated along with his father in 253 A.D.


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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign, or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RS79928. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 214 (R), RSC IV 1, SRCV III 9738, Hunter III - (p. cviii), F, well centered, rough areas, edge crack, weight 3.658 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 252 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trebonianus Gallus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left, horse's right foreleg raised; very rare; $220.00 (195.80)


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RIC lists this type as scarce but this is the first example handled by Forum and there are very few examples online.
RB77901. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 263a (S), Cohen V 136, SRCV III 9798, Hunter III - (p. cvii), F, small flan cutting off most of legends, porosity, weight 12.230 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. Nov 251 - 252 A.D; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing left, helmeted, wearing military garb, resting right hand on grounded shield at right side, inverted spear vertical in left hand, S - C flanking across field just below center; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $95.00 (84.55)


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In 251, Trajan Decius was the first Roman Emperor to die in battle against a foreign enemy. Trebonianus Gallus was proclaimed emperor by the troops. Gallus accepted Hostilian, the young son of Decius, as co-emperor, but the boy died of plague. Hostilian was the first emperor in 40 years to die of natural causes.
RS65684. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 179, RSC IV 70, SRCV III 9758, VF, toned, weight 3.959 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; reverse PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, raising olive-branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left; $75.00 (66.75)


Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Anazarbus, Cilicia

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Anazarbus was founded by Assyrians. Under the early Roman empire it was known as Caesarea, and was the Metropolis (capital) of the late Roman province Cilicia Secunda. It was the home of the poet Oppian. Rebuilt by the Byzantine emperor Justin I after an earthquake in the 6th century, it became Justinopolis (525); but the old native name persisted, and when Thoros I, king of Lesser Armenia, made it his capital early in the 12th century, it was known as Anazarva.

On the reverse of this coin, Anazarbus boasts A M K, meaning it is First, Greatest, and Most Beautiful (ΠPΩTH MEΓIΣTH KAΛΛIΣTH). Γ Γ means, chairman of 3 provinces, holder of 3 neocorates.
RP78014. Bronze triassarion, Ziegler 797 (Vs1/Rs4, 14 specimens), SNG BnF 2138, SNGvA 5506, Lindgren III A789a, Waddington 4174, SNG Levante -; all examples same dies, Fair, rough, weight 11.528 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 315o, Anazarbus (Anavarza, Turkey) mint, 252 - Jul/Aug 253 A.D.; obverse AVT K Γ OVI AΦ ΓAΛΛOC OVOΛOVCIANOC C, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANAZAPBOV MHTPOΠOΛ (Z reversed), bridled horse stepping right, right foreleg raised, A / M K in two lines above, Γ Γ below, ET AOC (year 271) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $40.00 (35.60)







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CVIBIOVOLVSIANOCAES
IMCAFGALVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANAVG
IMCVAFGMVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCAECVIBVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCAECVIBVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCCVIBVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGALVALVENDVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGMVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVOLVSIANVSAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 31, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Volusian