, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
This appears to be an unpublished of the two published variations of this . Our is from the first issue ( 504c, 1192, ), on which the has no indication of pteryx ( ) at shoulder, and on the the ∆-E flanks the columns. Our is from the second issue ( 507c, 1193, ), on which the is , draped, and , and the ∆-E is above the roof.
In 252, the Persian emperor Shapur I invaded and, taken by surprise, destroyed a large Roman army at Barbalissos. He then invaded the defenseless Syrian provinces, captured all of its legionary posts and ravaged its cities, including Antioch, without any response from Rome.
RY73708. Bronze 8 assaria, 1192/1193 var.; 504c/507c var., 295 var.; 790 var.; p. 231, 665 var.; Lindgren-Kovacks 2028, EF, areas weakly struck, adjustment marks, 15.946 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 251 - 252; AYTOK K Γ AΦIN ΓΛA OYEN∆ OYOΛOYCCIANOC CEB, and draped right, from front, no indication of pteryx ( ) at shoulder; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, portable shrine, arched , carry bars on base; inside seated slightly left, right, half-length figure of river god at her feet swimming left; ram above center leaping right looking back, ∆-E above and divided by temple roof, S C in ; ex V-Auction 226 (30 Apr 2009), lot 84; very unpublished variant; $150.00 (€132.00)
In 251, was the first Roman Emperor to die in battle against a foreign enemy. was proclaimed emperor by the troops. Gallus accepted , the young son of , as co-emperor, but the boy died of plague. was the first emperor in 40 years to die of natural causes.RS65684. Silver , 179, 70, 9758, VF, , 3.959 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; IMP CAE C VIB AVG, , draped and right from behind; , Pax standing left, raising olive-branch in right hand, transverse in left; $85.00 (€74.80)
In 252 A.D. Shapur I conquered .RS65686. Silver , 9776, 206, 133, aVF, 3.624 g, maximum 24.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 251 -253 A.D.; IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG, , draped and right; , standing half right, inverted spear behind in right hand, resting left hand on grounded ; $85.00 (€74.80)
In 251, was the first Roman Emperor to die in battle against a foreign enemy. was proclaimed emperor by the troops. Gallus accepted , the young son of , as co-emperor, but the boy died of plague. was the first emperor in 40 years to die of natural causes.RS65683. Silver , 179, 70, 9758, VF, encrustations on , 2.716 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; IMP CAE C VIB AVG, , draped and right from behind; , Pax standing left, branch in right hand, transverse in left; $75.00 (€66.00)
was a specific virtue in Ancient Rome. It carries connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of , and was personified as the deity .RS72394. Silver , 186 (R), 135, 9778, 15 var ( right), VF, , light encrustations, 3.711 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Nov 251 - 252; IMP CAE C VIB AVG, , draped and right; , standing half left, reversed spear vertical in left, right hand resting on grounded ; ; $75.00 (€66.00)
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