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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ VolusianView Options:  |  |  | 

Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

Gaius Vibius Afinius Gallus Vedumnianus Volusian was the son of Trebonianus Gallus and was given the rank of Caesar when his father became emperor. After emperor Hostilian was killed, he was raised to the rank of Augustus. He was assassinated along with his father in 253 A.D.


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In 251, Trajan Decius was the first Roman Emperor to die in battle against a foreign enemy. Trebonianus Gallus was proclaimed emperor by the troops. Gallus accepted Hostilian, the young son of Decius, as co-emperor, but the boy died of plague. Hostilian was the first emperor in 40 years to die of natural causes.
RS65684. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 179, RSC IV 70, SRCV III 9758, VF, toned, weight 3.959 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; reverse PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, raising olive-branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left; $85.00 (73.95)


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In 252 A.D. Shapur I conquered Armenia.
RS65686. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9776, RIC IV 206, RSC IV 133, aVF, weight 3.624 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 -253 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing half right, inverted spear behind in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield; $85.00 (73.95)


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In 251, Trajan Decius was the first Roman Emperor to die in battle against a foreign enemy. Trebonianus Gallus was proclaimed emperor by the troops. Gallus accepted Hostilian, the young son of Decius, as co-emperor, but the boy died of plague. Hostilian was the first emperor in 40 years to die of natural causes.
RS65683. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 179, RSC IV 70, SRCV III 9758, VF, encrustations on reverse, weight 2.716 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; reverse PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left; $75.00 (65.25)


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Virtus (courage, valor) is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can usually be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
RS72394. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 186 (R), RSC IV 135, SRCV III 9778, Hunter III 15 var (star reverse right), VF, well centered, light encrustations, weight 3.711 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Nov 251 - 252; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing half left, reversed spear vertical in left, right hand resting on grounded shield; rare; $75.00 (65.25)







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CVIBIOVOLVSIANOCAES
IMCAFGALVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANAVG
IMCVAFGMVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCAECVIBVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCAECVIBVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCCVIBVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGALVALVENDVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGMVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVOLVSIANVSAVG


REFERENCES

Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, September 01, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Volusian