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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Volusian||View Options:  |  |  | 

Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

Gaius Vibius Afinius Gallus Vedumnianus Volusian was the son of Trebonianus Gallus and was given the rank of Caesar when his father became emperor. After emperor Hostilian was killed, he was raised to the rank of Augustus. He was assassinated along with his father in 253 A.D.


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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
SH92354. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV Volusian 256a, Cohen V 74, Hunter III 32, SRCV III -, VF, nice portrait, obverse centered on a tight flan, scratches and bumps, porosity, weight 20.423 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX AVGG (the peace of the two emperors), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across center; $200.00 (176.00)


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This coin is dedicated to harmony between the emperors, Volusian and his father Trebonianus Gallus.
RB91950. Bronze sestertius, RIC IV 249a (R), Cohen V 21, Hunter III 34, SRCV III 9784, VF, excellent portrait, rough mottled green patina, earthen deposits, irregular flan shape, weight 15.130 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia standing half left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; rare; $110.00 (96.80)


Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Damascus, Syria

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Hadrian promoted Damascus to the Metropolis of Coele-Syria about 125 A.D. Severus Alexander upgraded it to a colonia in 222 A.D. Damascus was an important caravan city with trade routes from southern Arabia, Palmyra, Petra, and silk routes from China all converging on it delivering eastern luxuries to Rome. The inscription on the prize urn names the sacred Olympia Sebasmia games, celebrated at Damascus as part of the local imperial cult.
RY86710. Bronze AE 25, RPC Online IX 1964 (same dies, 4 spec.); BMC Galatia p. 288, 32; Rosenberger 58; De Saulcy 6; SNG Hunter 3462 var. (bust); SNG Mn -; SNG Cop -, aF, porous, light earthen deposits, weight 7.860 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, c. Nov 251 - Jul/Aug 253 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLO VOLOSSIANO AVG, laureate head right, traces of drapery; reverse COL ∆AMAS METRO, agonistic urn containing cypress, inscribed OΛYMΠIA / CEBACMIA, ram's head right between I E (IEPA - sanctuary) below; ex J.S. Wagner Collection; very rare; $70.00 (61.60)


Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Damascus, Syria

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Telephus (or Telephos) was the son of Herakles and Auge, daughter of King Aleus of Tegea. An oracle told King Aleus that he would be overthrown by his grandson, so he forced his daughter Auge to become a virgin priestess. After she was violated by Herakles, their son, the infant Telephus, was hidden in the temple but his cries revealed him. Aleus ordered Telephus exposed on Mt. Parthenion. He was saved by a doe Herakles sent to suckle him.
RY86711. Bronze AE 26, RPC Online IX 1968 (11 spec.); SNG Hunter 3461; De Saulcy 7; Lindgren I 2153; Rosenberger 59 var. (ram running in ex.); SNG Mn 1025 var. (same), F, desert patina, parts of legends weak, porous, weight 10.109 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, c. Nov 251 - Jul/Aug 253 A.D.; obverse D VIB GALLO VOLOSSIANO AVG, laureate head right, traces of drapery; reverse COL ∆AMA METR, hind (antlered doe) standing right, suckling infant Telephos seated left, ram's head right in exergue; ex J.S. Wagner Collection; scarce; $70.00 (61.60)







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CVIBIOVOLVSIANOCAES
IMCAFGALVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANAVG
IMCVAFGMVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCAECVIBVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCAECVIBVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCCVIBVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGALVALVENDVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVAFGALVENDVOLVSIANVSAVG
IMPCVAFGMVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVOLVSIANOAVG
IMPCVOLVSIANVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, September 15, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Volusian