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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ HostilianView Options:  |  |  | 

Hostilian, Summer - November 251 A.D.

Hostilian was the younger son of Trajan Decius. After the latter's death, Hostilian was elevated to Augustus by his father's successor Trebonianus Gallus. He died of plague shortly after.


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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB57193. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 215, Cohen V 31, Hunter III 8, SRCV III 9573, VF, weight 18.400 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C, bare headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Apollo seated left, extending branch, resting left elbow on lyre, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; rare; SOLD


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RS34996. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9556, RIC IV 177b, RSC IV 15, VF, weight 2.634 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C, radiate draped bust; reverse MARTI PROPVGNATORI (to Mars the defender), Mars advancing right holding spear and shield; well centered on a broad flan; scarce; SOLD


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RS29540. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 176b, RSC IV 12, nice VF, frosty, weight 4.184 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse MARS PROPVG (Mars the defender), Mars advancing right, wearing helmet and military garb, cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, shield in left hand; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

COVALOSTILMESCOVINTVSAVG
COVALOSTILMESCOVINTVSCAESAR
COVLOSTILMESCOVINTVSCAESAR
CVALENSHOSTILMESQVINTVSNC
CVALENSHOSMESQVINTVSNC
CVALHOSMESQVINTVSNC
CVALHOSTMESQVINTVSNC
CVALHOSTILMESQVINTVSNC
CVALENSHOSTILMESCOVINTVSAVG
CVALENSHOSTILMESQVINTVSAVG
IMPCAECVALHOSMESQVINTVSAVG
IMPCMESQVINTVSAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Caliců, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, April 23, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Hostilian