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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Trajan DeciusView Options:  |  |  | ◁◁      ▷▷

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

Trajan Decius, a general under Philip I, successfully crushed the revolt of Pacatian. His troops forced him to assume the imperial dignity and although he still protested his loyalty, Philip advanced against him. Decius was victorious and Philip was killed. The Senate then recognized Decius as Emperor, giving him the attribute Traianus as a reference to that good emperor. As the Byzantine historian Zosimus later noted: "Decius was therefore clothed in purple and forced to undertake the government, despite his reluctance and unwillingness." Decius spent the rest of his short reign combating barbarians. Sometime in the first two weeks of June 251, Trajan Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus became the first Roman emperors to die in battle against a foreign enemy. Herennius died at his father's side, struck by an arrow. Decius survived the initial confrontation, only to be slain with the rest of the army before the end of the day.


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Samaria

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Caesarea, about 30 miles north of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was founded by Herod the Great and named after Caesar Augustus.
JD14111. Bronze AE 28, SNG ANS 818, F, weight 18.031 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse IMP C C MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL PR F AVG C CAES MET SP, Tyche seated left, bust in right, scepter in left, harbor god holding anchor at feet left; rare; SOLD


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In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the Arab.
RS26712. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 21b, RSC IV 86, Hunter III 16, SRCV III 9378, Choice EF, weight 4.075 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate draped bust right; reverse PANNONIAE, The two Pannoniae, draped and veiled, standing front, holding standards; nice style; SOLD


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The Dacian Kingdom existed between 82 B.C. until the Trajan's conquest in 106 A.D. This coin commemorates Trajan Decius' recovery of Roman Dacia from rebelling Carpo-Dacians. The province was abandoned by Aurelian in 275, recovered again by Constantine the Great by 336, but abandoned again permanently soon after Constantine's death.
RS38556. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9368, RSC IV 16, RIC IV 12(b), aEF, weight 3.830 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse DACIA, Dacia, wearing robe reaching feet, standing left holding draco (vertical Dacian military standard topped with a wolf's head and dragon tail); SOLD


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In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RS59950. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 9366, Choice gVF, weight 5.062 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, scepter in left; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Syria

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In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RY71795. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1134(c); Prieur 595; BMC Galatia p.221, 592; Dura Coins 526, VF, well centered, toned, some corrosion, weight 12.891 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 3rd issue, c. 250 - Jun 251 A.D.; obverse AVT K Γ ME KY TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, three pellets below; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, eagle standing left on palm branch, wings spread, wreath in beak, S C in exergue; rare; SOLD


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The Dacian Kingdom existed between 82 B.C. until the Trajan's conquest in 106 A.D. This coin commemorates Trajan Decius' recovery of Roman Dacia from rebelling Carpo-Dacians. The province was abandoned by Aurelian in 275, recovered again by Constantine the Great by 336, but abandoned again permanently soon after Constantine's death.
RB83139. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC IV 112e; SRCV III 9413, VF, smoothing, weight 9.662 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse DACIA S C, Dacia standing left, wearing robe reaching feet, Dacian draco standard in right; rare; SOLD


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His troops forced Decius to assume the imperial dignity and although he still protested his loyalty, Philip advanced against him. Decius was victorious and Philip was killed. The Senate then recognized Decius as Emperor, giving him the attribute Traianus as a reference to that good emperor. As the Byzantine historian Zosimus later noted: "Decius was therefore clothed in purple and forced to undertake the government, despite his reluctance and unwillingness."
RS40105. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 9366, EF, weight 4.363 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 240o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, scepter in left; SOLD


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Caesarea, about 30 miles north of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was founded by Herod the Great and named after Caesar Augustus.
JD14114. Bronze AE 29, SNG ANS 829 var, aF, weight 19.500 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse IMP C C MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG or similar, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL PR F AVG C CAES METROP SP or similar, altar, palm-tree and olive-tree behind; rare; SOLD


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In 249, Decius began persecuting the Christians and others refusing to participate in Emperor worship.
RS26721. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 9366, EF, reverse die worn, weight 3.933 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, scepter in left; sharp obverse; SOLD


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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RS34675. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 45 var (no officina mark), VF, grainy, weight 4.030 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Antioch mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right from behind, three pellets below; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left holding scales in extended right and cornucopia in left; rare; SOLD


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In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the army in Illyria (western Balkans).

Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RS28147. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 16, RSC IV 49, SRCV III 9374, Choice aEF, weight 4.546 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 AD.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right, cornucopia in left, standard right; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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RB39112. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV p. 135, 113b; SRCV III 9401, VF, small flan, weight 15.607 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse DAC[IA FELIX] S C, Dacia standing left, wearing robe reaching feet, legionary standard in right; nice style; rare; SOLD


Maeonia, Lydia, Time of Trajan Decius, c. 250 A.D.

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RP82381. Bronze AE 18, BMC Lydia p. 131, 31, aVF, weight 2.981 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, obverse vine-tree with large trunk, branches and two bunches of grapes; reverse MAIONΩN, bearded Herakles, naked, holding cornucopia and lion-skin and leaning on club; SOLD


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They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
RS38554. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9387, RIC IV 29c, RSC IV 113a, EF, weight 4.367 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left; mint luster; SOLD


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In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the Arab.
RB39631. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 124, aVF, weight 18.712 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse PANNONIAE, the two Pannoniae standing facing, looking away from each other, each holding a standard, S - C across fields; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

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His troops forced Decius to assume the imperial dignity and although he still protested his loyalty, Philip advanced against him. Decius was victorious and Philip was killed. The Senate then recognized Decius as Emperor, giving him the attribute Traianus as a reference to that good emperor. As the Byzantine historian Zosimus later noted: "Decius was therefore clothed in purple and forced to undertake the government, despite his reluctance and unwillingness."
RY48401. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1126(h), BMC Galatia p. 220, 578; Dura Coins 505; Prieur 574, VF, weight 10.011 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse AYT K Γ ME KY TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, no officina mark; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, eagle standing left on palm branch, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, S C in exergue; rare; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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In 249, Decius began persecuting the Christians and others refusing to participate in Emperor worship.
RX53918. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 3804; Geissen 2814; Kampmann-Ganschow 79.2; Curtis 1433; SNG Cop 739, BMC Alexandria p. 270, 2079, VF, weight 11.502 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse A K Γ M K TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC EV, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse L - A, Serapis standing facing, head right, modius on head, rests on a long scepter in right; attractive style, well centered; SOLD


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Uberitas is the personification of fruitfulness, primarily agricultural fertility.
RS57376. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 28b, RSC IV 105, SRCV III 9384, VF, grainy, weight 5.404 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VBERITAS AVG, Uberitas standing left, purse in right, cornucopia in left; SOLD


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The Dacian Kingdom existed between 82 B.C. until the Trajan's conquest in 106 A.D. This coin commemorates Trajan Decius' recovery of Roman Dacia from rebelling Carpo-Dacians. The province was abandoned by Aurelian in 275, recovered again by Constantine the Great by 336, but abandoned again permanently soon after Constantine's death.
RB03290. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 112, Cohen V 18, gF, weight 13.85 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse DACIA S C, Dacia standing left holding staff topped with an wolf's head; scarce; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Selge, Pisidia

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RP82173. Bronze AE 19, BMC Pisidia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, Weber -, VF, weight 3.713 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 225o, Selge mint, obverse AV K ME K [...] TPA [...], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CEΛΓEΩN, thunderbolt; very rare; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Heraklea Pontika, Bithynia

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RP22011. Bronze AE 28, BMC Pontus -, Rec Gn -, Lindgren -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, Weber -, Lewis -, gVF, weight 10.625 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, Heraklea Pontika, Bithynia mint, obverse AVT KAI TPA [...] ∆EKIOC AV, radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield; reverse HPAKΛH ACNEOKOPΩN, nude Hercules standing, head right, holding arrow and bow; grainy, brown tone, holed; apparently unpublished; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Philomelion, Phrygia

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In 1117, the area around Philomelion (modern Aksehir) was the site of a series of clashes over a number of days between a Byzantine army under Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and the forces of the Sultanate of Rm under Sultan Malik Shah.
RP82509. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 360, 41 var (W in ethnic), gF, weight 8.886 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Philomelion mint, obverse AVT K Γ MEC K TPAI ∆EKIOC CE, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ΦIΛOMHΛEΩN EΠ EYTYXO, river-god Gallos reclining left, cornucopia in right, resting left elbow on vase; rare; SOLD


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In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIVS ILLVRICIANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the army in Illyria (western Balkans).

Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RS11366. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 38, VF, weight 2.585 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 250 - 251 AD.; obverse IMP CAE TRA DEC AVG, radiate head right; reverse GEN ILLVRICI, Genius standing left, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, modius on head, pouring libations from patera in right, cornucopia in left; toned; very scarce; SOLD


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Abundantia, her Greek name is Euthenia, stands for abundance or plenty. Abundantia resembles Annona. But Annona was limited to the grain supply for the current year, whereas Abundantia was a prodigal distributor of all kinds of things. Her attributes are stalks of grain and the cornucopia. Clothed in a long robe, and wearing a veil, she can be seated or standing and is sometimes shown emptying a cornucopia.
RS26275. Silver antoninianus, SRCV 9364, RIC IV 10b, RSC IV 2, aEF, weight 4.383 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopia held in both hands; scarce; SOLD


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The Dacian Kingdom existed between 82 B.C. until the Trajan's conquest in 106 A.D. This coin commemorates Trajan Decius' recovery of Roman Dacia from rebelling Carpo-Dacians. The province was abandoned by Aurelian in 275, recovered again by Constantine the Great by 336, but abandoned again permanently soon after Constantine's death.
RB46897. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV III 9399, RIC IV 112b, Cohen V 18, aVF, corrosion, weight 13.145 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse DACIA, Dacia standing left, wearing robe reaching feet, holding vertical staff topped with a wolf's head; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Hypaepa, Lydia

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Missing from most major collections.
RS43703. Bronze AE 32, BMC Lydia p. 119, 61; SNGvA 2970; SNG Cop -; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Mnchen -; SNG Tbingen -; Lindgren -, VF, rough, weight 10.963 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 180o, Hypaepa mint, obverse AYT•K•TPAIANOC∆EKIOC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse YΠAIΠHNΩN EΠI CTP•ΦΛ•EPM/OΛAOY/NEI−KΩ, temple of six columns, spiral decoration, shield on pediment, containing cultus-statue of Artemis-Anaitis; rare; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Syria

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In 256 A.D., about five years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RY10809. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1135(c), Prieur 594, VF, weight 12.09 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse AYT K Γ ME KY TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, below; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, eagle on palm, head right, tail left, wreath in beak, S C in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

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The Persians occupied part of Syria in 251 A.D. and took, plundered, and burned Antioch in 256 A.D. and again in 260 A.D.
RY57833. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1120(b), Prieur 538, aVF, weight 13.024 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse AYT K Γ ME KY TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, below; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, eagle on palm, head left, tail right, wreath in beak, S C in exergue; rare; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Syria

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In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RY33008. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1120(d), Prieur 542, VF, weight 11.583 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2nd issues, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse AVT K Γ ME KY ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, four pellets below; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC S C, eagle standing left on palm branch, wings spread, wreath in beak; scarce; SOLD




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OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCAESCMESSQDECIOTRAIAVG
IMPCAESCMESSTRAIQDECIOAVG
IMPCAESQTRAIANVSDECIVS
IMPCAETRADECAVG
IMPCAETRADECIVSAVG
IMPCDECIVSAVG
IMPCMQTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG
IMPTRAIANVSAVGDECIVS
IMPTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG


REFERENCES

Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 01, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Trajan Decius