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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>CrisisandDecline>TrajanDecius PAGE 3/1812345

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

Trajan Decius, a general under Philip I, successfully crushed the revolt of Pacatian. His troops forced him to assume the imperial dignity and although he still protested his loyalty, Philip advanced against him. Decius was victorious and Philip was killed. The Senate then recognized Decius as Emperor, giving him the attribute Traianus as a reference to that good emperor. As the Byzantine historian Zosimus later noted: "Decius was therefore clothed in purple and forced to undertake the government, despite his reluctance and unwillingness." Decius spent the rest of his short reign combating barbarians. Sometime in the first two weeks of June 251, Trajan Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus became the first Roman emperors to die in battle against a foreign enemy. Herennius died at his father's side, struck by an arrow. Decius survived the initial confrontation, only to be slain with the rest of the army before the end of the day.


Click for a larger photo In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the Arab.
RS26712. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 21b, RSC IV 86, Choice EF, weight 4.075 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate draped bust right; reverse PANNONIAE, The two Pannoniae, draped and veiled, standing front, holding standards; nice style; SOLD

Click for a larger photo
RS38556. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9368, RSC IV 16, RIC IV 12(b), aEF, weight 3.830 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse DACIA, Dacia, wearing robe reaching feet, standing left holding draco (vertical Dacian military standard topped with a wolf's head and dragon tail); well centered, nice portrait, slightly frosty surfaces; SOLD

Click for a larger photo In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the Arab.
RS12523. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 21b, RSC IV 86, aEF, weight 3.983 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate draped bust right; reverse PANNONIAE, The two Pannoniae, draped and veiled, standing front, holding standards; spots of oxidation on the reverse, otherwise nearly as struck; SOLD

Click for a larger photo In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RS59950. Silver antoninianus, SRCV 9366, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, Choice gVF, weight 5.062 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand; SOLD

Click for a larger photo The Dacian Kingdom existed between 82 B.C. until the Trajan's conquest in 106 A.D. This coin commemorates Trajan Decius' recovery of Roman Dacia from rebelling Carpo-Dacians. The province was abandoned by Aurelian in 275, recovered again by Constantine the Great by 336, but abandoned again permanently soon after Constantine's death.
RB83139. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC IV 112e; SRCV III 9413, VF, smoothing, weight 9.662 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse DACIA S C, Dacia standing left, wearing robe reaching feet, Dacian draco standard in right; rare; SOLD

Click for a larger photo His troops forced Decius to assume the imperial dignity and although he still protested his loyalty, Philip advanced against him. Decius was victorious and Philip was killed. The Senate then recognized Decius as Emperor, giving him the attribute Traianus as a reference to that good emperor. As the Byzantine historian Zosimus later noted: "Decius was therefore clothed in purple and forced to undertake the government, despite his reluctance and unwillingness."
RS40105. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, EF, weight 4.363 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 240o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand, scepter in left; SOLD

Click for a larger photo Adventus Augustus inscriptions commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign, or on his return from a distance.
RS12242. Silver antoninianus, SRCV 9366, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, Choice gVF, weight 4.245 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand; full circle strike on obverse and excellent centering on reverse; SOLD

Click for a larger photo Caesarea, about 30 miles north of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was founded by Herod the Great and named after Caesar Augustus.
JD14114. Bronze AE 29, SNG ANS 829 var, aF, weight 19.500 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse IMP C C MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG or similar, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL PR F AVG C CAES METROP SP or similar, altar, palm-tree and olive-tree behind; rare; SOLD

Click for a larger photo In 249, Decius began persecuting the Christians and others refusing to participate in Emperor worship.
RS26721. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, EF, reverse die worn, weight 3.933 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand and holding scepter; sharp obverse; SOLD

Click for a larger photo In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity.
RS34675. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 45 var (no officina mark), VF, grainy, weight 4.030 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Antioch mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right from behind, three pellets below; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left holding scales in extended right and cornucopia in left; rare; SOLD



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Obverse legends:

IMPCAESCMESSQDECIOTRAIAVG
IMPCAESCMESSTRAIQDECIOAVG
IMPCAESQTRAIANVSDECIVS
IMPCAETRADECAVG
IMPCAETRADECIVSAVG
IMPCDECIVSAVG
IMPCMQTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG
IMPTRAIANVSAVGDECIVS
IMPTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG



Catalog current as of Sunday, April 20, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Trajan Decius