Eternal peace was just wishful thinking during the reign of (just as it has always been).RS71667. , 268c, 25, 31, 9281, VF, nice portrait, attractive Pax, green , squared (normal for the ), 17.904 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and right, from behind; PAX , Pax standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long transverse in left, flanking at sides; $140.00 (€121.80)
, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., , Coele-Syria
in Coele-Syria was made a with the rights of the by in 193. on the religious complex at lasted over a century and a half and was never completed. The Temple of Jupiter, the largest religious building in the entire Roman empire, was dedicated during the reign of . Today, only six Corinthian columns remain standing. Eight more were shipped to Constantinople under Justinian's orders c. 532 - 537, for his of Hagia Sophia.RP58618. Bronze AE 18, 628 ff. (D99/R229), 433, aVF, 5.927 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; bareheaded, draped, and right; COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel wreath; ; $135.00 (€117.45)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Diocaesarea,
Diocaesarea, was known as until it was renamed during the reign of . According to a told by Strabo ( , 14.5.10), the temple of Zeus Olbius was founded by , one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan War. The city and its surrounding territory was a theocracy, ruled by the hereditary priests of the temple.
RP57201. Bronze AE 29, 886, 678, 423, 27, -, gF, 14.238 g, maximum 29.0 mm, 180o, , Diocaesarea mint, as , 244 - 246 A.D.; M IOYΛIOC Φ[IΛIΠΠOYC K CE]B, bare-headed, draped and right; A∆PIA ∆IOKAICAPEΩN MHT (MHT ), KENNATΩ , thunderbolt on throne of Zeus Olbios, lions on arms; ; $120.00 (€104.40)
In 146, the first of the Two Councils of of the Roman Christian Church was held in , Petraea.
RB73727. , 256a (S), 49, 14, 9249, F, 15.938 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 0o, Rome mint, as , 244 - 246 A.D.; M IVL PHILIPPVS , bare-headed, draped and right, from behind; PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (In of the Prince of Youth), standing left, bare-headed, in military dress, globe in right hand, inverted spear behind in left, flanking across below center; ; $120.00 (€104.40)
During Philip's reign the 1000th of Rome (248 A.D.) was celebrated, and magnificent games were held. This coin was issued as of that celebration and the depicts one of the which was displayed during the games. Traditionally this has been described as "goat" - hardly exotic enough for the event - but it might actually be the northern European elk (similar to an American moose).
RB73725. , 264a (S), 73, 34, 9283, VF, cutting of top of legends, 17.918 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 248 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and right, from behind; , elk walking left, S C in ; ex CNG auction 212 (17 Jun 2009), lot 336; ; $110.00 (€95.70)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed . Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.RP57198. , 1043; 473; 559; 464; cf. 268 (attributed to ), VF, 12.178 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $95.00 (€82.65)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Cyrrhus, Cyrrhestica,
Cyrrhus was founded by Seleucus Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, shortly after 300 B.C., and named for Cyrrhus in Macdeonia. It was taken by the Armenian Empire in the 1st century B.C., then became Roman when Pompey took in 64 B.C. By the 1st century A.D., it had become a Roman administrative, military, and commercial center on the trade route between Antioch and the Euphrates River crossing at Zeugma, and minted its own coinage. It was the base of the Roman legion X Fretensis. The Sassanid Persian Empire took it several times during the 3rd century. In the 6th century, the city was embellished and fortified by Justinian. It was taken by the Muslims in 637, the in the 11th century, and Nur ad-Din Zangi recaptured it in 1150. Muslim travelers of the 13th and 14th century reported it as a large city and largely in ruins. Its ruins are located in northern , near the Turkish , about 70 km northwest of Aleppo and 24 km of Kilis, Turkey.GB73055. Bronze AE 28, 21c; p. 137, 34; 505, 49 . ( ), aVF, , rough green with reddish earthen highlighting, 14.440 g, maximum 27.9 mm, 135o, Cyrrhus mint, AYTOK K M IOY IYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, and draped to right, from behind; ∆IOC - KA−TEB−ATOY, KYPHCTΩN, temple Zeus Kataibates, in which statue of the god is seated facing with thunderbolt in right and in left, at his feet on left, bull leaping right above temple; $80.00 (€69.60)
The Councils of were two councils of the early Christian Church held in , in Petraea; one in 246 and the other in 247. Both were held against Beryllus, the local , and his followers, who believed that the soul perished upon the death of the body, but that it would one day rise with the body. Origen, who was present at both councils, convinced them that their belief was heresy.RS71516. Silver , 9261, 226 ., 6, 21, F, , , 2.550 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 246 - 247 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped and right, from behind; , Sol advancing left, , nude but for over shoulders and billowing behind, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left; $75.00 (€65.25)
In 249, the philosopher Plotinus moved to Rome. In his philosophy there are three principles: the One, the Intellect, and the Soul. Historians of the 19th century invented the term Neoplatonism and applied it to him and his philosophy which was influential in Late Antiquity. Much of the biographical information about Plotinus from Porphyry's preface to his edition of Plotinus' Enneads. His metaphysical writings have inspired centuries of Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Gnostic metaphysicians and mystics.
RS72383. Silver , 219 . ( vice spear), 57, 10, 9241, VF, 3.072 g, maximum 25.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 246 A.D.; M IVL PHILIPPVS , , draped and right, from behind; , standing left in military dress, globe in right, inverted spear in left, captive seated left at feet on left; $75.00 (€65.25)
, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Perga,
Perga was the capital of . Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of . It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.RP72630. Bronze AE 23, cf. 522; 349; 4707; p. 133, 65; 397 (slight variations), F, 6.122 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 0o, Perga mint, as , Feb 244 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; AY K M IOY CEOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC C[E?], laureate, draped and right, from behind, globe below ; ΠEPΓAIΩN, standing left, wearing , and , rudder in right hand, in left; ; $60.00 (€52.20)
, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., ,
is depicted here in the same pose as The of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, .RP63228. Bronze AE 24, 1834 (O172/R280), 3090 (R4), -, -, aVF, 6.632 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 0o, (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, M IVL PHILIPPVS , , draped and right; COL FL P-A-C DEVLT, ( ) advancing right, with right drawing bow from quiver on shoulder, bow in left; ; $45.00 (€39.15)
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