Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D.
Marcus Julius Severus Philip was the son of Philip I. He was made Caesar at the age of seven, probably in February or March of 244 A.D. and Augustus at the age of ten. He was killed only two years later, after the forces of Trajan Decius defeated his father.
Eternal peace was just wishful thinking during the reign of Philip I (just as it has always been).
RS71667. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 268c, Cohen V 25, Hunter III 31, SRCV III 9281, VF, nice portrait, attractive Pax, green patina, squared flan (normal for the type), weight 17.904 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX AETERNA, Pax standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left, S - C flanking at sides; $140.00 (€121.80)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Diocaesarea, Cilicia
Diocaesarea, Cilicia was known as Olba until it was renamed during the reign of Vespasian. According to a legend told by Strabo (Geography, 14.5.10), the temple of Zeus Olbius was founded by Ajax, one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan War. The city and its surrounding territory was a theocracy, ruled by the hereditary priests of the temple.RP57201. Bronze AE 29, SNG BnF 886, SNG Levante 678, SNG Pfälzer 423, Staffieri 27, BMC Lycaonia -, gF, weight 14.238 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Cilicia, Diocaesarea mint, as Caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IOYΛIOC Φ[IΛIΠΠOYC K CE]B, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse A∆PIA ∆IOKAICAPEΩN MHT (MHT ligate), KENNATΩ in ex, thunderbolt on throne of Zeus Olbios, lions on arms; rare; $135.00 (€117.45)
Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Heliopolis, Coele-Syria
Heliopolis in Coele-Syria was made a colonia with the rights of the ius Italicum by Septimius Severus in 193. Work on the religious complex at Heliopolis lasted over a century and a half and was never completed. The Temple of Jupiter, the largest religious building in the entire Roman empire, was dedicated during the reign of Septimius Severus. Today, only six Corinthian columns remain standing. Eight more were shipped to Constantinople under Justinian's orders c. 532 - 537, for his basilica of Hagia Sophia.RP58618. Bronze AE 18, Sawaya 628 ff. (D99/R229), SNG Cop 433, aVF, weight 5.927 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Heliopolis (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel wreath; rare; $135.00 (€117.45)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.RP57198. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura Coins 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $95.00 (€82.65)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Cyrrhus, Cyrrhestica, Syria
Cyrrhus was founded by Seleucus Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, shortly after 300 B.C., and named for Cyrrhus in Macdeonia. It was taken by the Armenian Empire in the 1st century B.C., then became Roman when Pompey took Syria in 64 B.C. By the 1st century A.D., it had become a Roman administrative, military, and commercial center on the trade route between Antioch and the Euphrates River crossing at Zeugma, and minted its own coinage. It was the base of the Roman legion Legio X Fretensis. The Sassanid Persian Empire took it several times during the 3rd century. In the 6th century, the city was embellished and fortified by Justinian. It was taken by the Muslims in 637, the Crusaders in the 11th century, and Nur ad-Din Zangi recaptured it in 1150. Muslim travelers of the 13th and 14th century reported it as a large city and largely in ruins. Its ruins are located in northern Syria, near the Turkish border, about 70 km northwest of Aleppo and 24 km west of Kilis, Turkey.GB73055. Bronze AE 28, Butcher 21c; BMC Galatia p. 137, 34; SNG München 505, SNG Copenhagen 49 corr. (Philip I), aVF, well centered, rough green patina with reddish earthen highlighting, weight 14.440 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 135o, Cyrrhus mint, obverse AYTOK K M IOY IYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, cuirassed and draped bust to right, from behind; reverse ∆IOC - KA−TEB−ATOY, KYPHCTΩN, hexastyle temple Zeus Kataibates, in which statue of the god is seated facing with thunderbolt in right and scepter in left, eagle at his feet on left, bull leaping right above temple; $80.00 (€69.60)
The Councils of Arabia were two councils of the early Christian Church held in Bostra, in Arabia Petraea; one in 246 and the other in 247. Both were held against Beryllus, the local bishop, and his followers, who believed that the soul perished upon the death of the body, but that it would one day rise with the body. Origen, who was present at both councils, convinced them that their belief was heresy.RS71516. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9261, RIC IV 226 corr., RSC IV 6, Hunter III 21, F, well centered, toned, weight 2.550 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 246 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AETERNIT IMPER, Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and billowing behind, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left; $75.00 (€65.25)
Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.RP72630. Bronze AE 23, cf. SNG BnF 522; SNG Cop 349; SNGvA 4707; BMC Lydia p. 133, 65; SNG Pfälzer 397 (slight legend variations), F, weight 6.122 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Perga mint, as caesar, Feb 244 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse AY K M IOY CEOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC C[E?], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, globe below bust; reverse ΠEPΓAIΩN, Tyche standing left, wearing kalathos, chiton and peplos, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left; scarce; $60.00 (€52.20)
Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Deultum, Thrace
Artemis is depicted here in the same pose as The Diana of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, Paris.RP63228. Bronze AE 24, Draganov Deultum 1834 (O172/R280), Varbanov II 3090 (R4), BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 6.632 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAESAR, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL FL P-A-C DEVLT, Artemis (Diana) advancing right, with right drawing bow from quiver on shoulder, bow in left; scarce; $45.00 (€39.15)
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Antioch was an important hub of early Christianity. The city had a large population of Jews and so attracted the earliest missionaries; including Peter, Barnabas, and also Paul during his first missionary journey. Antioch's converts were the first to be called Christians.
In 1999, Dr. Michael Molnar, a Christian astronomer, in "The Star of Bethlehem - The Legacy of the Magi" identified the most likely heavenly alignment constituting the Star of Bethlehem and asserted the Ram and Star on coins from Antioch represent the star of Bethlehem. See Star of Bethlehem in NumisWiki for an article by T. B. Cartwright, which identifies this type as a Star of Bethlehem 250th anniversary issue.RP69863. Bronze 8 assaria, McAlee 1000; BMC Galatia p. 216, 535; SNG Cop 273, F, rough, weight 14.604 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 315o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 - end Sep 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOI CEB (CEB counterclockwise below), confronted busts of Philip I, on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed; and Philip III, radiate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right, ∆ - E / S - C across fields, ram leaping right with head turned back above, star below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.15 (€26.23)
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