Marcus Julius Severus Philip was the son of Philip I. He was made Caesar at the age of seven, probably in February or March of 244 A.D. and Augustus at the age of ten. He was killed only two years later, after the forces of Trajan Decius defeated his father.
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Diocaesarea, Cilicia
Diocaesarea, Cilicia was known as Olba until it was renamed during the reign of Vespasian. According to a legend told by Strabo (Geography, 14.5.10), the temple of Zeus Olbius was founded by Ajax, one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan War. The city and its surrounding territory was a theocracy, ruled by the hereditary priests of the temple.
RP57201. Bronze AE 29, SNG BnF 886, SNG Levante 678, SNG Pfälzer 423, Staffieri 27, BMC Lycaonia -, gF, weight 14.238 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Cilicia, Diocaesarea mint, as Caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IOYΛIOC Φ[IΛIΠΠOYC K CE]B, bare-headed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse A∆PIA ∆IOKAICAPEΩN MHT (MHT ligate), KENNATΩ in ex, thunderbolt on throne of Zeus Olbios, lions on arms; rare; $135.00 (€101.25)
Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Heliopolis, Coele-Syria
RP58618. Bronze AE 18, Sawaya Heliopolis 628 ff. (D99/R229), SNG Cop 433, aVF, weight 5.927 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Heliopolis (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse bareheaded, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel wreath; rare; $135.00 (€101.25)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RP57198. Billontetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura Coins 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $110.00 (€82.50)
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Antioch was an important hub of early Christianity. The city had a large population of Jews and so attracted the earliest missionaries; including Peter, Barnabas, and also Paul during his first missionary journey. Antioch's converts were the first to be called Christians.
In 1999, Dr. Michael Molnar, a Christian astronomer, in "The Star of Bethlehem - The Legacy of the Magi" identified the most likely heavenly alignment constituting the Star of Bethlehem and asserted the Ram and Star on coins from Antioch represent the star of Bethlehem. See Star of Bethlehem in NumisWiki for an article by T. B. Cartwright, which identifies this type as a Star of Bethlehem 250th anniversary issue.
RP69863. Bronze 8 assaria, McAlee 1000; BMC Galatia p. 216, 535; SNG Cop 273, F, rough, weight 14.604 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 315o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 - end Sep 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOI CEB (CEXEB</EB counterclockwise below), confronted busts of Philip I, on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed; and Philip III, radiate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right, ∆ - E / S - C across fields, ram leaping right with head turned back above, star below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $100.00 (€75.00)
The Councils of Arabia were two councils of the early Christian Church held in Bostra, in Arabia Petraea; one in 246 and the other in 247. Both were held against Beryllus, the local bishop, and his followers, who believed that the soul perished upon the death of the body, but that it would one day rise with the body. Origen, who was present at both councils, convinced them that their belief was heresy.
RS71516. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9261, RIC IV 226 corr., RSC IV 6, Hunter III 21, F, well centered, toned, weight 2.550 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 246 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseAETERNIT IMPER, Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and billowing behind, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left; $75.00 (€56.25)
Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Deultum, Thrace
Artemis is depicted here in the same pose as The Diana of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, Paris.
RP63228. Bronze AE 24, Draganov Deultum 1834 (O172/R280), Varbanov II 3090 (R4), BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 6.632 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAESAR, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse COL FL P-A-C DEVLT, Artemis (Diana) advancing right, with right drawing bow from quiver on shoulder, bow in left; scarce; $45.00 (€33.75)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia
Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, the city was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP69833. Bronze AE 27, SNG Pfälzer 107 (same dies), Krzyzanowska 6 corr. (rev. legend, same dies), Lindgren 1242 corr. (Mên), BMC Pisidia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, F, weight 10.172 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Pisidia, Antiocheia mint, obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseCAES ANTIOCH COC (sic), Hygeia seated left, from patera in right, feeding snake rising up from cista, SR in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $40.00 (€30.00)
Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.
RP69818. Bronze AE 23, SNG BnF 523; SNGvA 4707; SNG Cop 349 var (no CE); BMC Lycia p. 132, 65 var (CEB), F, weight 6.125 g, die axis 45o, Perga mint, as caesar, Feb 244 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse AY K M IOY CEOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC CE, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind, globe below bust; reverse ΠEPΓAIΩN, Tyche standing left, wearing kalathos, chiton and peplos, rudder in right, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 (€22.50)