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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Gordian III||View Options:  |  |  | 

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

Gordian III was the grandson of Gordian I and nephew of Gordian II. He was proclaimed Caesar shortly before the murder of Balbinus and Pupienus, and he succeeded them. Little is known about his reign. In 242 A.D. he embarked on a campaign against the Persian Kingdom which was so successful the Persians had to evacuate Mesopotamia. However, Gordian III died shortly after, through illness or the machinations of his Praetorian prefect and successor, Philip I.

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia||AE| |32|
Gordian III was the grandson of Gordian I and nephew of Gordian II. Made Caesar before the murders of Balbinus and Pupienus, he succeeded them. Little is known of his reign. He attacked Persia, gaining Mesopotamia. He died shortly after, through illness or plot of his Praetorian prefect and successor, Philip I.
RP92552. Bronze AE 32, Krzyzanowska I/2; SNG Cop 72; SNGvA 8577; SNG Righetti 1346; BMC Lycia p. 189, 78; McClean 8959; Lindgren III 683; SNG BnF - (all same dies), F, toned copper surfaces, high points flatly struck, die damage on obverse at 2:00, central depressions, weight 25.090 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 210o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ANTIOCHIA COLONIA CAESARIA, Aphrodite(?) seated right on throne, left hand on prow of galley, palm frond in right hand, Eros running left at foot, S R (Senatus Romanus) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection, large 25 gram, 32 mm bronze; rare; $180.00 (€165.60)
 


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Alexandria, Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Alexandria,| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia.
RX92524. Billon tetradrachm, RPC Online VII.2 U2667; Geissen 2675; Dattari 4740; Milne 347; SNG Cop 694; BMC Alexandria p. 244, 1879; Kampmann-Ganschow 72.139; Emmett 3411/7 (R1), aVF, broad flan, porous, rough, small edge splits, weight 10.109 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 243 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse A K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC EV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Homonoia standing facing, head left, raising right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, LZ (year 7) lower left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (€46.00)
 


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Pella, Macedonia

|Pella|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Pella,| |Macedonia||AE| |25|
Pan is depicted in the pose of the life-size marble statue known as the Barberini Faun (Drunken Satyr) in the Glyptothek in Munich. A Faun is the Roman equivalent of a Greek Satyr. The position of the right arm over the head was a classical artistic convention indicating sleep. The statue is believed to have once adorned Hadrian's Mausoleum. The historian Procopius recorded that during the siege of Rome in 537 the defenders had hurled down upon the Goths the statues adorning Hadrian's Mausoleum. When discovered, the statue was heavily damaged; the right leg, parts of both hands, and parts of the head were missing. Johann Winckelmann speculated that the place of discovery and the statue's condition suggested that it had been such a projectile.Barberini Faun
RP96948. Bronze AE 25, BMC Macedonia p. 95, 46 (normal obv., this reverse); Varbanov III 3758 (R4) var. (normal legends); AMNG III-2, p. 100, 36 var. (same), gF, green patina, coppery encrustations, porosity, off center, flan crack, weight 8.498 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse IMP COROIANVS P F ΛC (sic), radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL IVL AVG PILLΛ (sic), Pan seated left on rocks, nude, right hand on top of head, syrinx in left field; one similar specimen on Coin Archives; $50.00 (€46.00)
 


|Gordian| |III|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.||as|
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.
RB92626. Copper as, RIC VI 299b (S), Cohen 117, Hunter III 139, SRCV III 8781, VF/F, well centered, a bit rough and porous, edge cracks, weight 8.447 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 4th emission, 241 - 243 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IOVIS STATOR (to Jove who upholds), Jupiter standing facing, naked, head right, long scepter vertical in right hand, thunderbolt in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) in fields; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $45.00 (€41.40)
 







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCMANTGORDIANVSAVG
IMPCAESGORDIANVSPIVSAVG
IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSAVG
IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSPIVSAVG
IMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG
IMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELIXAVG
MANTGORDIANVSCAES


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Michaux, B. Le monnayage impérial de Gordien III (238-244 après J.C.). (Bruxelles, 2020).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III: Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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