, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at . The symbolism on the appears to be the triumph of over evil. The refers to Caesar's office of (high priest of ).SH84764. Silver , 443/1, 1006, 49, 9, Gaul 27, 1557, 1399, near , light on luster, broad , , 1/5 off center, 3.834 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 30o, military mint, traveling with , 49 B.C.; walking right trampling on a dragon or ( war trumpet) ornamented to look like a dragon, below; implements of the pontificate: (cup) or (ladle), ( ), (sacrificial ax), and (priest's hat); ex J. ; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
was the Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and . claimed direct descent from the goddess through her son, , who survived the fall of Troy and fled to Italy. sacrificed to her and believed she would ensure he was victorious. The small at the base of Venus' is symbolic of her divinity. The on the was likely intended to advertise the beginning of a new age.
SH84760. Silver , 480/5b, 1071, 41, I 4165, Imperators 106a, 1412, F, light , slightly off center on a tight oval , right side of unstruck, scratches, light , 3.603 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 270o, mint, moneyer P Sevullius , Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; IMP, wreathed of right, with eight rays around a central pellet behind; P SEPVLLIVS , standing left, in her right hand, long with a at base behind in her left hand, facing left, holding in both ; $1210.00 (€1076.90)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, slightly off-center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $320.00 (€284.80)
Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, , 5 - 4 B.C., Legate P. Quinctilius Varus
Publius Quinctilius Varus was a Roman general and politician under . From 7 or 6 B.C. until 4 B.C. he governed where he was known for harsh rule and high taxes. Josephus mentions the action of Varus in 4 B.C., against a revolt in following the death of Herod the Great. Varus occupied Jerusalem and crucified 2000 rebels. Varus is most infamous for losing three Roman legions in an ambush by Germanic tribes led by Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, at which point he took his own life. Upon hearing the news, tore his clothes, refused to cut his hair for months and, for years afterward, was heard, upon occasion, to moan, "Quinctilius Varus, give me back my Legions!" (Quintili Vare, legiones redde!).RP84651. Bronze trichalkon, 87; 50c; 4252; 92; 640; p. 159, 59; 402 (S), F, centered on a , dark with red earthen highlighting, , light corrosion, 5.501 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, legate P. Quinctilius Varus, 5 - 4 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; ANTIOXEΩ EΠI OVAPOV, seated right on , turreted, wearing and , frond in her right hand, half-length figure of river-god swimming right below, his turned facing, ZK (Actian Era year 27) in the right ; ; $220.00 (€195.80)
and , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
is in south-eastern France, 20 miles (32 km) south of , on the Rhone River. Before the arrival of the Roman armies under , was the capital city of the Allobroges. RPC misspells the name, .
The struck at was a and the was frequently halved to make two .RP84883. Bronze cut half (as), cut half of 517, -, aF, nice green , marks, some corrosion, 8.042 g, maximum 29.7 mm, 0o, Gaul, mint, 36 B.C.; IMP / DIVI , bare heads of left [and right (off )]; C I V ( Iulia Viennensis), prow right with superstructure; $175.00 (€155.75)
and , 2nd Triumvirate, , , 37 B.C.
The and legends combined indicate this coin celebrates the between and which was established by the triumvirs.
In 37 B.C., loaned Antony the money for the army. After a five-month siege, the Romans took Jerusalem from the . Herod the Great made by Anthony, took control of his capital. was taken to Antioch where Antony had him executed. Thousands of Jews were slaughtered by the Roman troops supporting Herod.RP84077. Bronze AE 20, 1553; p. 113, 43; 806; 378; III/2, p. 121, 24; 3772, aVF, slightly rough, off center, 7.814 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 45o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, c. 37 B.C.; OMONOIA, veiled of right, wearing ; horse galloping right, ΘEΣ/ΣAΛON in two lines above, PΩM below; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Gaul, c. 40 B.C.
was founded as a colony by in 45 or 44 B.C. for veterans that had served under his command in Gaul and the invasion of . He was the first husband of Livia and was persuaded or forced by to divorce her. At the wedding he gave her in marriage to "just as a father would."RP74283. Brass , 520, 692, 431, III 231, 2735, VF, 2.108 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 270o, (Nimes) mint, c. 40 B.C.; helmeted and draped right, S (mark of value) behind; NEM COL (downward on right), standing, in right over two snakes, left elbow on column behind; $80.00 (€71.20)
Numismatica Ars Classica Auction 73, The Collection of Roman Republican Coins of A Student And His Mentor - II
A series of of the , an exceptional of , the Q. Pomponius Muta with the muse Erato, and many more auction items are included in this collection.BK10370. Numismatica Ars Classica (NAC 73), The Collection of Roman Republican Coins of A Student And His Mentor - II, 18 Nov 2013, 85 pages, illustration throughout, paperback; $4.00 (€3.56)
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