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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Republic| ▸ |150-100 B.C.||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.
Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, c. 104 B.C.

|150-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |C.| |Coelius| |Caldus,| |c.| |104| |B.C.|, |denarius|
In 104 B.C., the Republic was in a state of emergency. The Cimbri had just dealt Rome its most severe defeat since Cannae; two armies were destroyed. Italy was nearly defenseless. The consul Gaius Marius asked King Nicomedes III of Bithynia to provide troops. Nicomedes III turned down the request declaring, "All those eligible for military service in my kingdom have been robbed by the Roman tax-farmers and sold into slavery." In response, about 800 Italian slaves in Sicily were freed. Non-Italians slaves incorrectly believed they had also been freed. When ordered back to servitude, these slaves amassed an army 2,000 cavalry and 20,000 infantry. The revolt, the Second Servile War, lasted until 100 B.C., caused famine in Rome, and was defeated only after great effort. It was the second of a series of three slave revolts in the Roman Republic.
RR93385. Silver denarius, Crawford 318/1b, Sydenham 582a, RSC I Coelia 3, BMCRR I Rome 1470 var. (control: :F), Russo RBW 1173 var. (control: C), SRCV I 196 var. (noted), VF, well centered, light tone, scratches and bumps, weight 3.636 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 104 B.C.; obverse head of Roma left in winged helmet, crest with griffin head, peaked visor in three pieces, wearing triple drop earring and necklace; reverse Victory in a biga left, holding reins in both hands, CALD below horses, :F: (control mark) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Roman Republic, Unofficial, c. 169 - 91 B.C.

|before| |150| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Unofficial,| |c.| |169| |-| |91| |B.C.|, |quadrans|
Crawford notes, "The very common quadrantes with M and N (as Milan 351) are clearly unofficial."
RR79715. Copper quadrans, cf. Milan 351 (from Crawford appendix p. 309 unofficial issues of bronze coins), Sydenham -, VF, centered on a tight flan, light marks,, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, unofficial mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, ROMA below, three pellets before, M above; ex Forum (2006), ex Goodman collection; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $113.00


Roman Republic, M. Marcius Mn.f., 134 B.C.

|150-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |M.| |Marcius| |Mn.f.,| |134| |B.C.|, |quadrans|
The First Servile War, 135 - 132 B.C., was an unsuccessful slave rebellion against the Roman Republic. The war was prompted by slave revolts in Enna on the island of Sicily. It was led by Eunus, a former slave claiming to be a prophet, and Cleon, a Cilician (from present-day Turkey) who became Eunus's military commander. After some minor battles won by the slaves, a larger Roman army arrived in Sicily and defeated the rebels.
RR88355. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 245/3, Sydenham 501a, BMCRR I Rome 1017, RBW Collection 1011, SRCV I 1151, aF, dark green patina, corrosion, edge crack, weight 5.255 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion's scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, M MARCI / MN F (MAR and MNF ligate) in two lines above, three pellets before, ROMA in exergue; ex Rudnik Numismatics, with an old collector tag dated 30 November 1932, with the cost noted as $.25; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.

|150-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Anonymous,| |c.| |135| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |quadrans|
RR72284. Copper quadrans, McCabe Anonymous group L1.Qd.1, BMCRR I Rome 1196, F, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets before, ROMA below; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.50


Roman Republic, C. Curiatius C.f. Trigeminus, 135 B.C.

|Members| |Auction| |Listed|, |Roman| |Republic,| |C.| |Curiatius| |C.f.| |Trigeminus,| |135| |B.C.|, |denarius|
In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
MA95503. Silver denarius, Crawford 240/1, Sydenham 459, RSC I Curiatia 2, SRCV I 117, aF, banker's mark, weight 3.116 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 135 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, TRIG behind, X before; reverse Jupiter in galloping quadriga right, CCVRF below, ROMA in exergue; $37.00 (34.04)


La monetazione di Roma durante la Repubblica col prezzario delle monete

|Roman| |Books|, |La| |monetazione| |di| |Roma| |durante| |la| |Repubblica| |col| |prezzario| |delle| |monete|,
 
BK50735. La monetazione di Roma durante la Repubblica col prezzario delle monete by Cesare Gamberini di Scarfa, special order, Bologna, 1973, 145 pages, 6 plates, Forni reprint; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40 Out of Stock!


Roman Republic, Quintus Marcius Libo, 148 B.C. (Perhaps a Later Imitative)

|150-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Quintus| |Marcius| |Libo,| |148| |B.C.| |(Perhaps| |a| |Later| |Imitative)|, |as|
Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR88441. Bronze as, cf. Crawford 215/2b, RBW Collection 917, Sydenham 396a, SRCV I 724, Fair, rough, weight 18.116 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 148 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I above; reverse prow right, Q. MARC above (MA ligate), LIBO or I before, ROMA below; $16.00 SALE |PRICE| $14.40







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REFERENCES|

Albert, R. Die Mnzen der rmischen Republik. (Regenstauf, 2003).
Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Berger, F. Die Mnzen der Rmischen Republik im Kestner-Museum Hannover. (Hannover, 1989).
Buttrey, T. "The Denarii of P. Crepusius and Roman Republican Mint Organization" in ANSMN 21 (1976), p. 67-108.
Carson, R. Principal Coins of the Romans, Vol. I: The Republic, c. 290-31 BC. (London, 1978).
Coin Hoards of the Roman Republic Online - http://numismatics.org/chrr/
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006) pp. 321-356.
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/
De Ruyter, P. "Denarii of the Roman Republican Moneyer Lucius Julius Bursio, a Die Analysis" in NC 156 (1996), p. 79 - 121, pl. 21 - 22.
Grueber, H. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Harlan, M. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins, 63 BC - 49 BC. (London, 1995).
Harlan, M. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins, 81 BCE - 64 BCE. (Citrus Heights, CA, 2012).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
McCabe, A. "The Anonymous Struck Bronze Coinage of the Roman Republic: A Provisional Arrangement" in Essays Russo.
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

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