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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>ByzantineGold PAGE 2/9«««12345»»»

Byzantine Gold Coins

Byzantine gold coins are still remarkably affordable. Types with the bust of Christ are very popular. FORVM trys to keep gold coins of Christ in stock, but sometimes demand exceeds supply.


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. The gilded statue that was once on the column was probably a gift of gratitude from Smaragdus, who was indebted to the Phocas for ending his long exile and restoring his position of power at Ravenna. The column still stands in its original location, but the gold statue was probably taken down immediatly after Phocus' death.Column of Phocas
SH70062. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10f; Tolstoi 11; Ratto 1183; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, slightly off center on a broad flan, weight 4.467 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S, angel standing facing, long staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in ex; $650.00 SALE PRICE $585.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Constans II, was baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. He was only 10 years old when he was made emperor. Constans was his diminutive nickname, which has become standard in modern historiography. Later in life he was also called Constantine the Bearded (Konstantinos Pogonatos).
SH70003. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30d; Wroth BMC 55; Tolstoi 293; Hahn MIB 31; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, EF, weight 4.408 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU ∆, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius left and Tiberius right, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CONOB in ex; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 659, Constans II signed a peace treaty with the Rashidun Caliphate. He used the pause to strengthen his defenses and consolidate Byzantine control over Armenia. Constans established the themata; dividing territorial command in Anatolia.
SH70012. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25d; Wroth BMC 43; Morrisson BnF 48; Tolstoi 241; Ratto 1587 corr.; Hahn MIB 26; Sommer 12.18; SBCV 959, EF, weight 4.367 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS C CONST, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy ∆, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the 650's the Muslims took to the sea. The entire Mediterranean Sea became a battleground, with raids and counter-raids being launched against islands and the coastal settlements. In 652, an Arab fleet under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad defeated the Byzantine fleet of 500 ships off the coast of Alexandria. Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of Crete, Malta and Sicily, with their fleets reaching the coasts of France, Dalmatia and even the suburbs of Constantinople.
SH70034. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 32; DOC II part 2, 21a (not in the collection, refs BMC); Tolstoi 48 (same coin as Wroth); Hahn MIB 24; Sommer 12.17; SBCV 958, aEF, weak strike areas, light scratches, weight 4.256 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY ∆, cross potent on three steps, CONOB+ in ex; scarce; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the 650's the Muslims took to the sea. The entire Mediterranean Sea became a battleground, with raids and counter-raids being launched against islands and the coastal settlements. In 652, an Arab fleet under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad defeated the Byzantine fleet of 500 ships off the coast of Alexandria. Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of Crete, Malta and Sicily, with their fleets reaching the coasts of France, Dalmatia and even the suburbs of Constantinople.
SH70036. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 19f; Morrisson BnF 38; Tolstoi 51; Hahn MIB 23; Sommer 12.15; SBCV 956; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, aEF, well centered, graffiti, weight 4.353 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 225o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in ex; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo During Constans' reign the Islamic State expanded very quickly, in no small part because Christians and Jews often aided the Islamic take over of their lands. The Byzantine and Persian Empires both had imposed heavy taxes to finance the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In new territories, the Islamic State maintained the existing Byzantine or Persian tax collection systems, but the taxes were lowered and free trade encouraged commerce. Jews and the Christians were also allowed to use their own laws and have their own judges.
SH70038. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 51 - 52, DOC II part 2, 25j (not in the collection, refs BMC); Tolstoi 253; Hahn MIB 26; Sommer 12.18; SBCV 959, EF, weight 4.389 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINuS C CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy I, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH70060. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25h; Wroth BMC 49; Morrisson BnF 49; Tolstoi 249; Ratto 1590; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959, EF, graffiti: tiny reversed Z obverse center and Σ obverse right, ΓKZ reverse right, weight 4.376 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the 650's the Muslims took to the sea. The entire Mediterranean Sea became a battleground, with raids and counter-raids being launched against islands and the coastal settlements. In 652, an Arab fleet under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad defeated the Byzantine fleet of 500 ships off the coast of Alexandria. Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of Crete, Malta and Sicily, with their fleets reaching the coasts of France, Dalmatia and even the suburbs of Constantinople.
SH70072. Gold solidus, Tolstoi 50; DOC II part 2, 21b (not in the collection, refs Tolstoi); Hahn MIB 24; Sommer 12.17; SBCV 958; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, gVF, well centered, weight 4.352 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E, cross potent on three steps, CONOB+ in ex; scarce; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius Constantine, 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Most references attribute this type to Heraclius; however, Hahn (MIB) convincingly argues that the K in the reverse right field refers to Heraclius Constantine. During his very short reign, he may have thought it prudent to maintain the same type struck by his father.
SH70074. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 66; Tolstoi 395; DOC II, part 1, 45a (not in the collection, refs BMC); SBCV 771; Sommer 11.36; Hahn MIB 52 (Heraclius Constantine), gVF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.429 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 11 Jan - 20 Apr 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, K right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Constantine IX Monomachus, 12 June 1042 - 11 January 1055
Click for a larger photo In 1047, Constantine's nephew, general Leo Tornikios rebelled and besieged Constantinople from 25 to 28 September. Two assaults on the walls were turned back by the defenders under the personal leadership of Constantine. Despite suffering from gout and having no military experience, he showed courage and energy. Tornikios was forced to withdraw. After a failed attack on Rhaidestos, his followers abandoned him. He found refuge in a church, but was lured out, captured, and on Christmas day, he was blinded at Constantinople. Nothing thereafter is known about him.
SH73345. Gold scyphate histamenon nomisma, DOC III, part 2, 3; Morrisson BnF 4 - 10; Wroth BMC (Constantine VIII) 6 - 9; Ratto (Constantine VIII) 1970; Sommer 48.3; Berk 304; SBCV 1830, EF, mint luster, well centered, weight 4.394 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Jun 1042 - 11 Jan 1055; obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIhm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger with crescents in upper quarters, tunic and himation, raising right hand in blessing, gospels in left, triple border; reverse +CWNSTAnTn BASILEWS Rm, bearded bust of Constantine XI facing, crown with cross and pendilia, jewels around neck, jeweled chlamys, long cross scepter in right, globe surmounted by pellet cross in left, triple border; ex Stack's, Bowers and Ponterio sale 172 (Baltimore, 16 Nov 2012), lot 11840; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00



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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (Washington D.C., 1966 - 1999).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Füeg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (2007).
Füeg, F. "Vom Umgang mit Zufall und Wahrscheinlichkeit in der Numismatischen Forschung" in SNR 76 (1997).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Friday, March 27, 2015.
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Byzantine Coins of Byzantine Gold