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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Byzantine GoldView Options:  |  |  |     

Byzantine Gold Coins

Byzantine gold coins are still remarkably affordable. Types with the bust of Christ are very popular. We attempt to keep gold coins of Christ in stock, but demand often exceeds supply.


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 653, Muawiyah, the Arab governor of Syria, led a raid against Rhodes, he took the scattered pieces of the Colossus of Rhodes (one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) back to Syria where he melted the bronze scrap to make coins.
SH70021. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 19h (not in the collection, refs BMC); Wroth BMC 34; Tolstoi 53; Morrisson BnF 40; Sommer 12.15; Hahn MIB 23; SBCV 956, aEF, weight 4.351 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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From the 650's the Muslims took to the sea. The entire Mediterranean Sea became a battleground, with raids and counter-raids being launched against islands and the coastal settlements. In 652, an Arab fleet under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad defeated the Byzantine fleet of 500 ships off the coast of Alexandria. Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of Crete, Malta and Sicily, with their fleets reaching the coasts of France, Dalmatia and even the suburbs of Constantinople.
SH70023. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 19f; Morrisson BnF 38; Tolstoi 51; Hahn MIB 23; Sommer 12.15; SBCV 956; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, gVF, graffiti, weight 4.330 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 651, the Qur'an was compiled in its present form by Caliph Uthman.
SH70033. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 19a; Wroth BMC 27; Tolstoi 43; Hahn MIB 23; Sommer 12.15; SBCV 956; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, aEF, small die break in beard, graffiti: Λ obverse left, Eq reverse right, weight 4.394 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY A, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH70048. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25i; Wroth BMC 50; Tolstoi 251; Morrisson BnF 50; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959; Ratto -, aEF, light graffiti (Π?)on reverse, weight 4.402 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy Θ, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH70059. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 40 - 41, DOC II part 2, 25b (not in the collection, refs BMC); Hahn MIB 26; Tolstoi 236; SBCV 959, EF, weight 4.293 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINuS C CONSTANT, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy B, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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During Constans' reign the Islamic State expanded very quickly, in no small part because Christians and Jews often aided the Islamic take over of their lands. The Byzantine and Persian Empires both had imposed heavy taxes to finance the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In new territories, the Islamic State maintained the existing Byzantine or Persian tax collection systems, but the taxes were lowered and free trade encouraged commerce. Jews and the Christians were also allowed to use their own laws and have their own judges.
SH70076. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 47 - 48, DOC II part 2, 25g (not in the collection, refs BMC); Tolstoi 248; Ratto 1588; Hahn MIB 26; Sommer 12.18; SBCV 959; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, some legend weak, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.287 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTAI, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy Z (Z reversed), cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius was succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70024. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 44a.1; Morrisson BnF 72; Hahn MIB 53; SBCV 770; Sommer 11.35; Wroth -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, tight flan, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.385 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown, chlamys, tablion ornamented with pellets, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in exergue; $440.00 (391.60)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 622, Heraclius sailed from Constantinople with an expeditionary force (probably 50,000 men) and began his counter-offensive against the Sasanian Persian Empire. Victory would come in 628. The Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
SH70032. Gold solidus, Ratto 1364; DOC II 13h (not in the collection, refs Ratto); Hahn MIB 11; Sommer 11.9; SBCV 738; Tolstoi -; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, VF, graffiti on the reverse, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIVS ET hERA CONST PP, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGU Θ, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $440.00 (391.60)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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In 610, Gundemar succeeded Witteric as king of the Visigoths and the Avars tried to invade Italy.
SH70035. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10e.6; Wroth BMC 6; Morrisson BnF 15; Tolstoi 9; Sommer 9.10; Hahn MIB 11; SBCV 620; Ratto -, VF, graffiti in in obverse right field (ΛΦ), weight 4.379 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 609 - 5 Oct 610 A.D.; obverse d N N FOCAS PERP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E, angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in exergue; $440.00 (391.60)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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In 609 or 610, the Pantheon was consecrated to the Virgin Mary and all saints by Pope Boniface IV.
SH70039. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10j.6; Morrisson BnF 25; Wroth BMC 22; Tolstoi 20; Sommer 9.10; Hahn MIB 11; SBCV 620; Ratto -, gVF, graffiti, weight 4.436 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 609 - 610 A.D.; obverse D N N FOCAS PERP AVG, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in exergue; $440.00 (391.60)




    



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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (Washington D.C., 1966 - 1999).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Feg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (2007).
Feg, F. "Vom Umgang mit Zufall und Wahrscheinlichkeit in der Numismatischen Forschung" in SNR 76 (1997).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Saturday, December 03, 2016.
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Byzantine Gold