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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>ByzantineGold PAGE 2/5«««12345»»»

Byzantine Gold Coins

Byzantine gold coins are still remarkably affordable. Types with the bust of Christ are very popular. FORVM trys to keep gold coins of Christ in stock, but sometimes demand exceeds supply.


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 663, Constans II moved the imperial court from Constantinople to Syracuse. He tried to stop the Arab conquest of Sicily and restored Rome as official seat of the Empire.
SH70057. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30i; Morrisson BN 63; Tolstoi 312; Hahn MIB 31; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, aEF, tight flan, weight 4.406 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse D N COI-N (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY I, cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $580.00 (€435.00)

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Focas restored recognizable portraiture to the coinage - An oddity considering his appearance was described as grotesque.
SH70079. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10j.1; Morrison BN 23; Wroth BM 23; Tolstoi 19; Ratto 1186; Sommer 9.8; Hahn MIB 9; SBCV 620, VF, excellent centering, graffiti, weight 4.446 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVG, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in ex; $560.00 (€420.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In April 637, Jerusalem became one of the Arab Caliphate's first conquests. The Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab personally went to the city to receive its submission and prayed on the Temple Mount. Umar ibn al-Khattab also allowed the Jews back into the city and freedom to live and worship. Sixty years later the Dome of the Rock was built, a structure enshrining a stone from which Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven during the Isra. The oldest part of Jerusalem was settled in the 4th millennium B.C., making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.Dome of the Rock

SH69983. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 36g; SBCV 761; Sommer 11.26; Hahn MIB 42; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, graffiti, weight 4.391 g, maximum diameter 19.17 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with his sons, all stand facing holding globus cruciger in right; Heraclius with mustache, long beard, and crown; Heraclius Constantine (on right) beardless wearing crown; Heraclonas (on left) wearing plain cap, cross above his head; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH69984. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 80; Hahn MIB 49; Tolstoi 418; DOC II part 1, 42d (not in the collection, refs Wroth); Sommer 11.33; SBCV 768; Morrisson BN -, aEF/VF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, B right, CONOBΛ in ex; scarce; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH69994. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767; DOC II part 1, 41 var (officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -, VF, graffiti on rev right (E), weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Focas changed the traditional plural legend VICTORIA AVGG or AVGVSTORVM to a singular form, VICTORIA AVGU (AVGU = AVGVSTI). His intent may have been to discourage a popular movement to make his son-in-law co-emperor.
SH70016. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10c (not in the collection, refs Wroth); Wroth BMC 3; Tolstoi 4; Ratto 1187; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620; Morrisson BN -, VF, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.356 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 225o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY Γ, angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius ws succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70024. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 44a.1; Morrisson BN 72; Hahn MIB 53; SBCV 770; Sommer 11.35; Wroth -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, tight flan, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.385 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown, chlamys, tablion ornamented with pellets, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 651 A.D., the Qur'an was compiled by caliph Uthman ibn Affan in its present form. Copies were made and distrubuted to urban centers across the Arab world.
SH70026. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 16d (not in the collection, refs Tolstoi); Tolstoi 35; Morrisson BN 17; Hahn MIB 20; Sommer 12.12; SBCV 953; Wroth BM -; Ratto -, aEF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.369 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople mint, 650 - 651 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTINVS P P AVG, bust facing with short beard and moustache, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; reverse VICTORIA AVGY H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; scarce; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 610, Gundemar succeeded Witteric as king of the Visigoths and the Avars tried to invade Italy.
SH70035. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10e.6; Wroth BMC 6; Morrisson BN 15; Tolstoi 9; Sommer 9.10; Hahn MIB 11; SBCV 620; Ratto -, VF, graffiti in in obverse right field (ΛΦ), weight 4.379 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 609 - 5 Oct 610 A.D.; obverse d N N FOCAS PERP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E, angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH70037. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 43b; Tolstoi 396; Ratto 1490; Hahn MIB 50; Sommer 11.34; SBCV 769; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -, gVF, light graffiti on reverse, weight 4.406 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in rig; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Γ, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)



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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (Washington D.C., 1966 - 1999).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Füeg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (2007).
Füeg, F. "Vom Umgang mit Zufall und Wahrscheinlichkeit in der Numismatischen Forschung" in SNR 76 (1997).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Saturday, April 19, 2014.
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Byzantine Coins of Byzantine Gold