, Constantine VI and Irene, 8 September 780 - 19 August 797 A.D.
In 790, Constantine VI took control and forced his mother, who had been his regent, into exile. A little more than a year later Irene was back as co-ruler. In 797, Irene had her son deposed and blinded and assumed sole rule.
has the and opposite. Other than 4.7, the referenced examples all have either incomplete or illegible inscriptions, or have variations from this coin.SH90887. Gold , 4.7 (C.4.6/Ir.4.1); cf. 1; , 1, 2; 2, 1; 1591; -; -, VF, remarkable for inscriptions, 4.413 g, maximum 21.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 15 Jan 792 - 793; COnSTAnTInOS CA - SIR, crowned facing busts of Constantine IV, wearing and holding in left hand; and Irene, wearing , cruciform in her right hand; above center; SVn IrInI AVΓ mITHRΛ, Constantine V, , and (the boy emperor's deceased father, grand-father and great grandfather) seated facing, each bearded and wearing crown and ; ex Numismatik (eBay auction, 4 Feb 2011, sold for €3027); ; $2500.00 (€2200.00)
, , 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
Most references attribute this to Antioch. Although this is not listed in , attributes all solidi with this wide-faced portrait to Antioch. attributes the to Constantinople.SH90884. Gold light , 20 siliquae; 531, 14, 7.61, 88 - 89 . ( ), -, -, -, -, -, gVF, uneven strike, , 3.390 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, 10th , or Antioch mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and facing, in right hand, in left, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; VICTORI-A AVCC I, angel standing facing, long in right, in left, OBXX in ; knows of only seven other examples of this extremely ; extremely ; $2300.00 (€2024.00)
, John VI Cantacuzenus and John V Palaeologus, 13 May 1347 - April 1353 A.D.
When Andronicus III died, his chief administrator, John Kantakouzenos asserted a claim to regency of the young emperor John V. The emperor's mother, Anna of Savoy, was appointed regent and she had John Kantakouzenos declared an enemy of the state. John Kantakouzenos defeated Anna with Ottoman , and he was made Emperor John VI. John V was married to his daughter, Kantakouzene, and the boy was allowed to reign as the junior emperor. John VI Kantakouzenos spent much of his own private wealth unsuccessfully trying to strengthen the Empire but was unpopular because of his ties to the Ottomans. His attempt to curb Genoese power ended with the total destruction of the fleet in 1349. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese , overthrew his rivals, and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery, where he lived 30 years as the monk Joasaph and wrote his famous history.SH70968. Gold hyperpyron, 849; , p. 297, C; 2526; 84.1; 1296; -, VF, 3.402 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; half-length facing figure of the within city walls, four castles forming walls, on each side of the uppermost castle, B lower left, A lower right; John VI on left and Andronicus V on right, kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with over their heads in ; IUINK (or similar) downward on left and IUINKY (or similar) downward on right, N's reversed; very ; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
Argyrus, 12 November 1028 - 11 April 1034
was fanatically devoted to the Virgin. His adoration found expression in the building and restoration of churches dedicated to St. Mary and also explains the Virgin's prominence on his coinage. MΘ is a Greek abbreviation for Mητερα Tου Θεου - Mother of God. ΘCE abbreviates Θεοτοκε - God-bearer, also referring to the Virgin. On one of his types, a silver miliaresion, the reads: Παρθενε σοι πολυαινε ος ηλιτικη παντα κατοπθοι, which means, "He who places his hopes on thee, O Virgin all-glorious, will prosper in all he does."SH73344. Gold histamenon , , 2, 1d; 43/Cp/AV/01; 1972; 43.2.2; ; 2, aEF, 4.379 g, maximum 24.8 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 11 Apr 1034; + REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ of Kings), Christ enthroned, wears , , & , raises hand, holds Gospels; ΘCE bOHΘ RWMANW (god-bearer the Romans), MΘ (mother of God) above center, Virgin (on right) wears and , with right hand she crowns Romanus, who is bearded and wears a crown, and , in his right, four pellets in end below ; ; $760.00 (€668.80)
, Alexius I Comnenus, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.
Plovdiv was originally a Thracian city before later becoming a Greek city, and then a major Roman city. In the Middle Ages, it retained its strategic regional importance, changing between the and Bulgarian Empires. Around 1000 A.D., became the administrative seat of a newly created théma with the same name. In 1180, Aime de Varennes encountered the singing of songs in the city that recounted the deeds of Alexander the Great and Philip of , over 1300 years before. In 1364, the Ottoman Turks under Lala Shakhin Pasha seized Plovdiv. The Turks called the city Filibe, derived from "Philip."SH73347. Gold hyperpyron, , 1, 20o.1; 3; pl. 5, 11; 59.29; 1935; -; -; -, gVF, bold , flattened, in margin, 4.370 g, maximum 32.3 mm, 180o, (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, 1092 - 1118 A.D.; KE RO-HΘEI (Lord, [Alexius]), (Jesus Christ), Christ enthroned facing, wearing , and , raising right in , gospels in left, double ; A/ΛC/ZI/W / ∆CC/ ΠO/T - TW / KO/MNH/N (Z reversed, MNH ), Alexius standing facing, wearing , four jewels on collar, no jewels along the bottom edge of the , with no dot on shaft in right, in left, (hand of God) above right; this is the first ever coin from the mint handled by !; extremely ; $720.00 (€633.60)
, Andronicus I, September 1183 - 12 September 1185 A.D.
In 1185, Henry II of England knighted his heir John and sent him to Ireland to enforce English control. It was a disaster which united the scorned Irish chieftains against a common enemy. By the end of the year, John returned to England in defeat. Nonetheless, Henry had him named of Ireland by Pope Urban III and procured a golden crown with feathers.BZ73348. Gold hyperpyron, , 1, 1; pl. 18, 9; 1, 62/Cp/AV/1; 355; 62.1, 1983; -, VF, double struck, creases in margins, perhaps once flattened then to syphate, 4.437 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, Sep 1183 - 12 Sep 1185 A.D.; the seated facing on square-backed throne, , wearing and ; she holds before her the of the infant Christ, MP - ΘV (Mother of God) flanking her ; double ; AN∆PONIKOC ∆εCΠOTHC, Andronicus (on left) and Christ standing facing, Andronicus, with forked beard, wears crown and , in right, in left, Christ crowning him, wears and , holds Gospels, (Jesus Christ) flanking His ; very ; $600.00 (€528.00)
, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
In "Le trésor de Nikertai" in Revue Belge de 118 (1972), writes that this mark is horizontal, perpendicular to the rest of the , and indicates the 7th (a reversed Z, not an H). lists the coin 146, described by as 7th , as his only example from the H (8th) . The 8th probably did not strike this variant with an I in the right . Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung Auction 196, lot 3100, was struck with the same dies in a similar state of wear.SH69990. Gold , 146; 13 (Z) and 14 (H); 11.10; 739; - ( 14, not listed); -, -, -, VF, worn dies, 4.431 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 225o, 7th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; hERACLIVS Et CONSt PP A, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with on circlet, between them above; AVGu Z (Z reversed), on three steps, I right, in ; ; $580.00 (€510.40)
, , 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
SH70062. Gold , 1, 10f; 11; 1183; 9; 9.8; 620; -; -, aEF, slightly off center on a broad , 4.467 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, 6th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; d N AVC, draped and facing, wearing crown without and holding in raised right; AVGU S, angel standing facing, long staff in right, in left, in ; $580.00 (€510.40)
, , 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
In 583, Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. The result was sixteen years of Avar attacks, raids, sackings, and devastation. In 599, after Maurice refused to pay ransom, the Avars slaughtered 12,000 captured soldiers. That summer, the Byzantines defeated the Avars in open battle, pursued the fleeing tribes, and then invaded and devastated the Avar homeland. In 602, after a few more defeats, the Avars agreed to accept rule. However, the high cost of the war in blood and treasure had cost Maurice his popularity. He was forced to witness the slaughter of his supporters and his five sons, and then beheaded.
SH75232. Gold , 5d, 149d, 15, 1006, 6, 75, 82, 478, - (p. 128, note 4), -, 4.501 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 180o, 4th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; D N mAVRc - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and facing, in right, in left; VICTORI-A AVCC ∆, angel standing facing, staff topped with ( ) in right, in left, in ; $550.00 (€484.00)
, II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.
From the 650's the Muslims took to the sea. The entire Mediterranean Sea became a battleground, with raids and counter-raids being launched against islands and the coastal settlements. In 652, an Arab fleet under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad defeated the fleet of 500 ships off the coast of . Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of , Malta and , with their fleets reaching the coasts of France, Dalmatia and even the suburbs of Constantinople.SH70034. Gold , 32; 2, 21a (not in the collection, refs BMC); 48 (same coin as ); 24; 12.17; 958, aEF, areas, light scratches, 4.256 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, 4th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned facing, long beard and mustache, wears , in right; AVGY ∆, on three steps, + ; ; $540.00 (€475.20)
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