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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>ByzantineGold PAGE 1/10«««1234»»»

Byzantine Gold Coins

Byzantine gold coins are still remarkably affordable. Types with the bust of Christ are very popular. FORVM trys to keep gold coins of Christ in stock, but sometimes demand exceeds supply.


Byzantine Empire, John V Palaeologus and Anna of Savoy (Mother, Regent), 15 June 1341 - 13 May 1347
Click for a larger photo On 15 June 1341, Andronikos III died. He was succeeded by his son John V who was three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. Andronikos III had entrusted the administration to his advisor John Kantakouzenos. While Kantakouzenos was fighting the Serbs in Northern Thrace, ambitious advisors in Constantinople convinced Anna to declare him an enemy of the state. On 26 October 1341, rather than face execution, Kantakouzenos proclaimed himself emperor. Civil war ended with Anna's defeat in 1347. On 3 February 1347, John VI was accepted as senior emperor with John V as his junior co-ruler. John V married Helena Kantakouzene, a daughter of John VI. John VI entered Constantinople and took effective control of the city. In 1351, Anna left Constantinople for Thessaloniki. She held her own court in the city, issuing decrees in her name and even controlling a mint. Around 1365, when her health was failing, she became a nun, and died under the name Anastasia.
SH70963. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 943; Bendall PCPC 190 (sigla 2); Lianta 845; Sommer 83.1.2; SBCV 2466 (Andronicus III), VF, clipped, graffiti, weight 4.266 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, regency of Anna, 15 Jun 1341 - 13 May 1347; obverse Anna of Savoy (on left) and her son John V, on right, both crowned and stand facing, empress holds trefoil scepter, emperor holds akakia and cruciform scepter, sigla Γ left, w in center; reverse the deceased Andronicus III, on left, kneeling before Christ standing facing, who extends his right hand over the emperor in benediction, Gospels in left, A∆PNH (or similar, blundered) downward on left, IC XC on right; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 176 (10 March 2009), lot 2823; rare; $780.00 (€585.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In "Le trésor byzantine de Nikertai" in Revue Belge de Numismatique 118 (1972), Morrisson writes that this officina mark is horizontal, perpendicular to the rest of the legend, and indicates the 7th officina (a reversed Z, not an H). Hahn lists the Nikertai Hoard coin 146, described by Morrisson as 7th officina, as his only example from the H (8th) officina. The 8th officina probably did not strike this variant with an I in the right field. Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung Auction 196, lot 3100, was struck with the same dies in a similar state of wear.
SH69990. Gold solidus, Nikertai Hoard 146; Hahn MIB 13 (Z) and 14 (H); Sommer 11.10; SBCV 739; DOC II - (type 14, officina not listed); Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, VF, worn dies, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 225o, 7th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIVS Et hERA CONSt PP A, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Z (Z reversed), cross potent on three steps, I right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $650.00 (€487.50)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 27 January 661, Ali ibn Abi-Talib, first Shi'a Imam and the fourth caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, was assassinated while at prayer at a shrine at Kufa (modern Iraq). According to Shia Islam, his son Hasan ibn Ali succeeded him as the second Imam. According to Sunni Islam, he was succeeded by Muawiyah I, who moved his seat of government to Damascus and founded the Umayyad Caliphate.
SH69996. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 38b; SBCV 971; Wroth BMC 63; Tolstoi 310; Hahn MIB 37; Morrisson BnF -; Sommer -; Ratto -, EF, areas of weak strike, weight 4.332 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 225o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU Θ, cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOBT in ex; rare; $650.00 (€487.50)

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. The gilded statue that was once on the column was probably a gift of gratitude from Smaragdus, who was indebted to the Phocas for ending his long exile and restoring his position of power at Ravenna. The column still stands in its original location, but the gold statue was probably taken down immediatly after Phocus' death.Column of Phocas
SH70062. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10f; Tolstoi 11; Ratto 1183; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, slightly off center on a broad flan, weight 4.467 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S, angel standing facing, long staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in ex; $650.00 (€487.50)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Constans II, was baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. He was only 10 years old when he was made emperor. Constans was his diminutive nickname, which has become standard in modern historiography. Later in life he was also called Constantine the Bearded (Konstantinos Pogonatos).
SH70003. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30d; Wroth BMC 55; Tolstoi 293; Hahn MIB 31; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, EF, weight 4.408 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU ∆, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius left and Tiberius right, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CONOB in ex; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 659, Constans II signed a peace treaty with the Rashidun Caliphate. He used the pause to strengthen his defences and consolidate Byzantine control over Armenia. Constans established the themata; dividing territorial command in Anatolia.
SH70012. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25d; Wroth BMC 43; Morrisson BnF 48; Tolstoi 241; Ratto 1587 corr.; Hahn MIB 26; Sommer 12.18; SBCV 959, EF, weight 4.367 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS C CONST, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy ∆, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the 650's the Muslims took to the sea. The entire Mediterranean Sea became a battleground, with raids and counter-raids being launched against islands and the coastal settlements. In 652, an Arab fleet under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad defeated the Byzantine fleet of 500 ships off the coast of Alexandria. Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of Crete, Malta and Sicily, with their fleets reaching the coasts of France, Dalmatia and even the suburbs of Constantinople.
SH70034. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 32; DOC II part 2, 21a (not in the collection, refs BMC); Tolstoi 48 (same coin as Wroth); Hahn MIB 24; Sommer 12.17; SBCV 958, aEF, weak strike areas, light scratches, weight 4.256 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY ∆, cross potent on three steps, CONOB+ in ex; scarce; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the 650's the Muslims took to the sea. The entire Mediterranean Sea became a battleground, with raids and counter-raids being launched against islands and the coastal settlements. In 652, an Arab fleet under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad defeated the Byzantine fleet of 500 ships off the coast of Alexandria. Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of Crete, Malta and Sicily, with their fleets reaching the coasts of France, Dalmatia and even the suburbs of Constantinople.
SH70036. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 19f; Morrisson BnF 38; Tolstoi 51; Hahn MIB 23; Sommer 12.15; SBCV 956; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, aEF, well centered, graffiti, weight 4.353 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 225o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in ex; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo During Constans' reign the Islamic State expanded very quickly, in no small part because Christians and Jews often aided the Islamic take over of their lands. The Byzantine and Persian Empires both had imposed heavy taxes to finance the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In new territories, the Islamic State maintained the existing Byzantine or Persian tax collection systems, but the taxes were lowered and free trade encouraged commerce. Jews and the Christians were also allowed to use their own laws and have their own judges.
SH70038. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 51 - 52, DOC II part 2, 25j (not in the collection, refs BMC); Tolstoi 253; Hahn MIB 26; Sommer 12.18; SBCV 959, EF, weight 4.389 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINuS C CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy I, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH70060. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25h; Wroth BMC 49; Morrisson BnF 49; Tolstoi 249; Ratto 1590; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959, EF, graffiti: tiny reversed Z obverse center and Σ obverse right, ΓKZ reverse right, weight 4.376 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $600.00 (€450.00)



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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (Washington D.C., 1966 - 1999).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Füeg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (2007).
Füeg, F. "Vom Umgang mit Zufall und Wahrscheinlichkeit in der Numismatischen Forschung" in SNR 76 (1997).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Thursday, September 18, 2014.
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Byzantine Coins of Byzantine Gold