, , Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.
Dionysius I was tyrant of . He conquered several cities in and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in and made the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive.GB65232. Bronze hemilitron, II p. 86, 34 (c. 409 B.C.); 1456 (c. 375 - 344 B.C.); p. 187, 292; 426 ff. (end 5th c. B.C.); -, VF, some corrosion on obv, 6.398 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 270o, mint, c. 405 - 390 B.C.; ΣYPA, of left, wearing Corinthian helmet, no ornament on helmet, no control ; left, no bridle; $90.00 (€78.30)
, , Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.
Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcellus took in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.GB65634. Bronze AE 23, II p. 429, 231; 911; 1092, aVF, 9.175 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 0o, mint, Roman rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.; of Kore right, wreathed in stalks of grain; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, Demeter standing left, torch in right, in left; $90.00 (€78.30)
Panormos, , Roman Rule, c. 241 - 50 B.C.
named on this coin could be Axius L. f. , who was a moneyer in Rome, c. 73 - 70 B.C. Two inscriptions discovered at Cordoba dedicated to a Lucio Axio Luci filio Polia tribu Nasoni, indicate his honors. He was first decemvir stlitibus iudicandis, then tribunus militum pro legato, then quaestor. Or, this could be completely unrelated.GB67138. Bronze AE 21, I p. 351, 125 (one specimen); -, -, aVF, green , 4.595 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 315o, (Palermo) mint, magistrate (L. Axius?) , c. 241 - 50 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; warrior standing left, sword in extended right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded behind leaning on spear, NAS/O left; extremely ; $90.00 (€78.30)
Katane, , c. 415 - 403 B.C.
Katane was captured by Dionysios of in 403 B.C., who sold the population into slavery and resettled the city with Campanian mercenaries. The city submitted to Rome during the First Punic war.GB65647. Bronze onkia, III p. 92, 2; cf. 1272 (tetras); p. 50, 51; -, -, VF, 0.646 g, maximum 10.2 mm, 225o, Katane mint, c. 415 - 403 B.C.; AMENANOΣ, young of river-god Amenanos left, with horns and wavy hair; winged thunderbolt, open wings, K-A flanking under wings, pellet above left wing; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened.GB72306. Bronze hemilitron, II p. 48, 20; 411; 696 var (no ); p. 182, 237 var (same); 1186; 1479 (S), VF, classical , nice green , areas flatly struck, a little off center, 3.541 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 0o, mint, c. 415 - 405 B.C.; of Arethusa left, hair in and , downward with turned back up behind; four-spoked wheel, ΣY−PA divided by spoke across upper two quarters, down and inward in each of the lower quarters; $90.00 (€78.30)
, , Dionysios I, 405 - 367 B.C.
describes this with an E behind the of Arethusa; it should say behind the neck and on many examples the letter is not present.GB72314. Bronze tetras, II p. 33, 14; 677; 391; 1116; 1430 (R1, 435 - 415 B.C.), VF/aF, nice classical , weak strike, 2.478 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 400 B.C.; of Arethusa left, hair in and , wearing earring with three long pendants and wire necklace, ; octopus, no pellets, linear ; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
Himera, , c. 420 - 409 B.C.
Himera (Termini), on the coast of , was an ancient Chalcidic colony from Zancle, founded in the middle of the seventh century B.C.GB63870. Bronze hemilitron, 320; I p. 43, 35; 1110; 186, VF, 3.842 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 135o, Himera mint, c. 420 - 409 B.C.; IME, of nymph Himera left, wearing , six pellets before; six pellets within laurel wreath; $85.00 (€73.95)
, , Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.
Although Agathocles was brutal in pursuit of power, afterward he was a mild and popular "tyrant." His grandest goal was to establish democracy as the dominant form of government for the world. He did not want his sons to succeed him as and the Syracusan democracy on his death bed.GB65635. Bronze AE 16, II p. 248, 119; 751; 777; p. 198, 413; 1204 var ( left), F, 1.852 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 45o, mint, c. 295 - 289 B.C.; of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; ΣYPAK/OΣIΩN, winged thunderbolt; ; $85.00 (€73.95)
Siculo-Punic, Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.
Before it was incoporated within the Persian Empire in the 370s B.C., Tyre was the economic and political hub of the Phoenician world. Supremacy passed to , and then to , before Tyre's destruction by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. Each colony paid tribute to either Tyre or , but neither had actual control. The Carthaginians, however, appointed their own magistrates to rule the towns and took much direct control. This policy would result in a number of Iberian towns siding with the Romans during the Punic Wars.GB65641. Bronze AE 16, 126, 96 ff. (=SNG Cop I 1022 ff.), 1626 ff., 897, 15, aVF, rough, nice green , 5.015 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 270o, or Sicilian mint, late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; male left, wreathed in grain, wearing hoop earring; free horse prancing right, short below rear hooves, linear ; $85.00 (€73.95)
, , Dionysios I, 405 - 367 B.C.
Dionysius I was tyrant of . He conquered several cities in and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in and made the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive.GB68001. Bronze hemilitra, II p. 55, 24 (after 410 B.C.); 415 ff. (c. 405 B.C.); 697 ff.; 180 ff.; 1480 (S, 415 - 405 B.C.), F, rough, 3.126 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 315o, mint, c. 400 - 390 B.C.; of nymph left, no earrings, wearing , with hair bound in ; laurel branch with two leaves behind; ΣYPA, swimming right above arched , inverted scallop shell below; $85.00 (€73.95)
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