, , 287 - 241 B.C.
Zeus Hellanios may be translated as "Zeus worshiped by all Greeks." In , Zeus Hellanios was depicted without a beard, and so is often mistaken for . Zeus Hellanios may have been depicted on this coin to unify the Greeks against . It highlights a commonality among all Greeks and a distinction between them and the Phoenicians, who worshiped .GB69009. Bronze trias, p 214, 134; 134; cf. 541; 113 var. (∆ control letter on ); 159, VF, nice , 4.360 g, maximum 19.22 mm, 90o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 287 - 241 B.C.; beardless and laureate of Zeus Hellanios right; two eagles left, hare in talons, nearest with upright screaming, behind lowered on hare; $115.00 (€102.35)
, , Roman Rule, 212 - c. 189 B.C.
Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcellus took in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.GB69015. Bronze AE 21, II p. 424, 227; 1066 ff.; 900; 1472 ff.; 1474 (S), VF, , green , light corrosion and marks, 9.230 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, mint, 212 - c. 189 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; in galloping in a right, whip(?) in right, reins in left, crescent above, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in ; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Katane, , c. 415 - 403 B.C.
Katane was captured by Dionysios of in 403 B.C., who sold the population into slavery and resettled the city with Campanian mercenaries. The city submitted to Rome during the First Punic war. GB90652. Bronze tetras, III p. 91, 1; 1272; p. 50, 51; -, -, VF, 1.985 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 45o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 415 - 403 B.C.; AMENANOΣ, young of river-god Amenanos left, with horns and wavy hair; winged thunderbolt, wings open, K-A flanking under wings, three small pellets around (two above wings, one right); ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Menaion, , Roman Rule, c. 200 - 150 B.C.
Mineo, (ancient Menaion) is inland about 64 km southwest of Catania. It was a Sikel city, founded around 458 B.C. by Douketios. In 396 B.C. it was captured by Dionysios I of . Under Roman rule mentions Menaion among the "civitatis decumanae," cities that pay one tenth of their annual harvest to Rome. Today it has about 5,600 residents.GI73159. Bronze pentonkion, III p. 183, 2; 292; 379; 610; 757, VF, centered, nice green , 3.677 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 0o, Menaion (Mineo, , Italy) mint, Roman Rule, c. 200 - 150 B.C.; laureate and draped of right, wearing atef crown; in charging right, Π (mark of value) below, MENA/INΩN divided in two lines above and below; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C., Possibly the of Phrygillos
notes that coins of this issue included dies signed by the masters Kimon, Phrygillos, Eukleidas, and possibly Eumenes. Other examples, many of which were struck with dies, are unsigned. Some examples with a behind Arethusa are signed by Phrygillos. Other coins of this that are not signed, but with his and the same are also believed to be his . There is no signature visible on this coin but it is in and is likely the of Phrygillos.GI75170. Bronze hemilitron, II p. 48, 20; 411; p. 182, 243; 696 ( symbol off ); 1186; 1479 (S), VF, classical , green , a little off-center, light cleaning scratches, encrustations, 3.184 g, maximum 15.8 mm, 180o, mint, c. 415 - 405 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa left, hair in and , downward with turned back up (control symbol) behind; four-spoked wheel, ΣY−PA divided by spoke across upper two quarters, down and inward in each of the lower quarters; $110.00 (€97.90)
Katane, , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
This was probably first struck, in , in the 3rd century, probably shortly before Roman rule was established in 212 B.C. This and some other examples, appear to be of a later issue, struck under Roman rule, imitating the earlier , but with a cruder . Despite HGC listing it only as , both the finer and this cruder appear to be very .GI76589. Bronze AE 18, III p. 108 - 109, 22; 191; 1277; 489; cf. 609 (S, finer , earlier?), F, crude late , 3.965 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, Katane mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; heads right of (nearer), both wearing a simplified headdress, ear of barley behind; KATANAIΩN, standing half left, nude but for over arms, laurel branch in his right hand, bow in his left hand, left forearm resting on pillar, quiver and at feet on left; very ; $110.00 (€97.90)
as Hispani, , c. 211 - 185 B.C.
In 214, during the Second Punic War, switched its allegiance from Rome to . remained autonomous until 211, when it became the last Sicilian town to be captured by the Romans. It was given as payment by Rome to a group of Spanish mercenaries, who issued coins with the HISPANORVM. See Kenan Erim, "Morgantina," AJA, vol. 62, no. 1 (Jan., 1958), pp. 79-90.GB65639. Bronze AE 22, , 253, pl. 7, 18 (same dies); III p. 341, 1; 1079; 4/II 484, aF, large , 8.400 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 45o, mint, c. 211 - 185 B.C.; C SIC-LIVN, male right; HISPANORVM, helmeted horseman cantering right, holding spear; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Iaetia, , 4th Century B.C.
Iaitas was located on Mount Jato, near modern San Giuseppe Jato, a village in a hilly region of Palermo's hinterland, 31 km from the Sicilian capital. The settlement dated back to prehistoric times, with influence of Greek culture from the 6th century B.C.GB65643. Bronze AE 13, I p.383, 1; 1343; -; -, aF, rough, 1.332 g, maximum 13.0 mm, 180o, Iaetia mint, 4th century B.C.; IATINΩN, right; of grain on left, grain kernel (or a second of grain) on right; very ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Katane, , c. 415 - 403 B.C.
Katane was captured by Dionysios of in 403 B.C., who sold the population into slavery and resettled the city with Campanian mercenaries. The city submitted to Rome during the First Punic war. GB67139. Bronze tetras, III p. 91, 1; 1272; p. 50, 51; -, -, VF, a bit rough, 1.820 g, maximum 13.6 mm, 315o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 415 - 403 B.C.; AMENANOΣ, young of river-god Amenanos left, with horns and wavy hair; winged thunderbolt, wings open, K-A flanking under wings, three small pellets around (two above wings, one right); ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Aetna, , c. 210 - 208 B.C.
In 475 B.C. Hieron moved ten thousand settlers from and to Katane and renamed it Aetna. In 461, after Hieron's death, the new settlers were expelled. They moved to the southern slope of the and founded a new Aetna. In 403 B.C., Dionysius the Elder made himself master of Aetna, where he settled his discharged Campanian mercenaries, the Kampanoi. The Kampanoi retained possession of Aitna until 339 B.C., when Timoleon took the city and put them to the sword. Under Rome, Aitna became a municipal town of considerable importance; its territory being one of the most fertile of all . The site of the city and time of its destruction are unknown today.GB65648. Bronze trias, III, p. 148, 9a (same dies), 1160 - 1161 var. (pellets right); p. 4, 2 var. (same), VF, nice green , 4.459 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 45o, Aitna mint, Roman rule, c. 210 - 208 B.C.; and draped of right; AITNAIΩN, warrior standing facing, right, spear vertical in right, in left; three pellets lower right; very ; $100.00 (€89.00)
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