Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ SicilyView Options:  |  |  |     

Ancient Greek Coins of Sicily

The coins of Ancient Greek Sicily are considered among the finest numismatic works of art ever produced. Superb examples may cost tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars. Forum's selections include some more affordable examples.


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily.
GB90149. Bronze AE 24, cf. Calciati II p. 218, 96 DS 114 R1 4 (amphora); BMC Sicily p. 194, 358 (barley kernel); SNG Cop 757 (same); SNG ANS 567 (trophy); SNG München -, aVF, superb classical style, old light scratches, weight 10.039 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 90o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed with grain, amphora(?) behind; reverse bull butting left, dolphin over NK monogram above, dolphin below; ex Ancient Imports; ex Coin Galleries mail bid, 14 Nov 1984, part of lot 327; $110.00 (€96.80)


Syracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, 212 - c. 189 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
A simulacrum is a sculpture of a person or a god, sometimes without detail forming only a vague semblance.
GI74374. Bronze AE 25, Calciati II p. 428, 230; SNG Cop 897; SNG ANS 1059; SNG Morcom 835, F/aF, well centered, small flan cracks, weight 14.806 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 212 - c. 189 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse simulacrum in slow quadriga right, ΣYPAKO/ΣION divided in two lines, one above and one below; rare; $110.00 (€96.80)


Syracuse, Sicily, Pyrrhus of Epirus, 278 - 276 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In 279 B.C., Pyrrhus' forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in Apulia. Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his victory, he famously replied: "Another such victory and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrric victory, a victory achieved at ruinous cost.
GI75171. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 321, 176; SNG Cop 813, SNG ANS 852; SGCV I 1214; HGC 2, 1451, VF/F, weight 11.494 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles left, clad in Nemean Lion scalp head-dress; reverse ΣYPA−KOΣIΩN, Athena Promachos advancing right, hurling thunderbolt with right, shield in left; $110.00 (€96.80)


Katane, Sicily, c. 212 - 50 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcus Claudius Marcellus forced his way into Syracuse. Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of Syracuse to Rome, the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common.
GB66786. Bronze two chalkoi, Calciati III p. 110, 25; SNG ANS 1278; SNG Morcom 563; HGC 2 612 (R1); BMC Sicily p. 51, 65 corr.; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 3.126 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 315o, Katane mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or Isis?) standing right, wearing kalathos on head, holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $105.00 (€92.40)


The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 288 - 278 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
GB67344. Bronze pentonkion, Calciati I p. 93, 3/1; SNG ANS 402; BMC Sicily p. 109, 3; SNG Cop 434 var (on reverse Φ left), gF, some corrosion and pitting, weight 16.288 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 270o, Messana mint, c. 288 - 278 B.C.; obverse APEΣ, laureate head of Ares right, Macedonian helmet behind; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings open; $105.00 (€92.40)


Sicily or Sardinia, Carthaginian Rule, c. 300 - 264 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Calciati notes that although this type is often attributed to Sardina, the frequency of finds in Sicily demonstrates that it was also minted there.
GB63621. Bronze AE 19, Calciati III p. 395, 21; SNG Cop 173, VF, weight 5.270 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 90o, Sicily or Sardinia mint, c. 300 - 290(?) B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, hair wreathed with grain, wearing earring and necklace; reverse head and neck of horse right, palm tree right; $100.00 (€88.00)


Leontini, Sicily, c. 476 - 455 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Leontini was founded by colonists from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in Sicily not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the north.
GS67480. Silver hemilitra, SNG München 548; Boehringer Leontini B; cf. HGC 2 688 (R2, obol); SNG ANS 216 (obol, finer style); BMC Sicily p. 88, 22 (same); SNG Cop 342 (same), VF, weight 0.282 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; obverse crude facing lion scalp, dot border; reverse LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round incuse; very rare; $100.00 (€88.00)


Syracuse, Sicily, Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
This is an odd depiction of Arethusa, apparently without earrings or a necklace, and with locks of hair appearing like horns. She appears more like a river-god than a fountain nymph. The octopus seems upside down to us, but this is how they are photographed in Calciati.
GB67655. Bronze onkia, Calciati II p. 30, 10/7; SNG ANS 384; HGC 2 1434 (R1); SNG Cop -, aVF, centered, green patina, pitting, weight 1.235 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 90o, Syracuse mint, c. 435 - 415 B.C.; obverse ΣYPA, head of Arethusa right, no earring or necklace, dolphin downward behind; reverse octopus, pellet between tentacles, within round incuse; rare; $100.00 (€88.00)


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GB59013. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 291, 151 Ds 8 Rs 50, gF, weight 7.251 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, 305 - 295 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of young Herakles right, wearing taenia (head band), bow behind head; reverse lion walking right, club above, flaming torch in ex; $100.00 (€88.00)


Panormos, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 241 - 70 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In 254 B.C. Panormus was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained one of the principal cities of Sicily. It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under Augustus, Panormus received a Roman colony.
GI75169. Bronze AE 12, Calciati I p. 338, 41; SNG ANS 580; SNG Cop 545; SNG München 778; BMC Sicily p. 123, 23; HGC 2 1085 (S), VF, weight 1.979 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, die axis 150o, Panormos (Palermo, Sicily) mint, Roman rule, c. 241 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter left, veiled and wreathed in grain, plow(?) behind; reverse war galley prow right, Panormos Greek monogram above; scarce; $100.00 (€88.00)




    



CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Arnold-Biucchi, C. "La monetazione d'argento di Himera classica. I tetradrammi" in Quaderni Ticinesi XVII (1988).
Bahrfeldt, M.F. von. Die römisch-sicilischen Münzen aus der Zeit der Republik, etc. (Geneva, 1904).
Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen In Winterthur, Vol. 1. Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sicily, Moesia, Dacia, Sarmatia, Thrace, and Macedonia. (Winterthur, 1987).
Boehringer, C. "Die Münzgeschichte von Leontini in klassischer Zeit" in Studies Price.
Boehringer, C. "Himera im IV. Jahrhundert v. Chr." in Kraay-Mørkholm Essays.
Boehringer, E. Die Münzen von Syrakus. (Berlin and Leipzig, 1929).
Buttrey, T.V., et al. "Catalogue of Coins Found during the Years 1955-1981" in Morgantina Studies II: The Coins. (Princeton, 1989).
Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage, Vol. I - III. (Milan, 1983 - 1987).
Castrizio, D. La monetazione mercenariale in Sicilia, Strategie economiche e territoriali fra Dione e Timoleonte. (Soveria Manelli, 2000).
Gabrici, E. La monetazione del bronzo nella Sicila antica. (Palermo, 1927).
Gardner, P. The Types of Greek Coins. (Cambridge, 1882).
Gutman. F & W. Schwabacher. "Tetradrachmen und Didrachmen von Himera (472-409 v Chr)" in MBNG 47. (1929).
Head, B.V. History of the Coinage of Syracuse. (London, 1874).
Hill, G.F. Coins of Ancient Sicily. (Westminster, 1905).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Jenkins, G.K. Coins of Punic Sicily. (Zürich, 1997).
Jenkins, G.K. & R.B. Lewis. Carthaginian Gold and Electrum Coins. Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication 2. (London, 1963).
Jenkins, G.K. The Coinage of Gela. AMUGS II. (Berlin, 1970).
Kraay, C.M. The Archaic Coinage of Himera. (Naples, 1984).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Sicily. (London, 1876).
Reinach, T. Sur la valeur relative des métaux monétaires dans la Sicile greque (L'Histoire par les monnaies). (Paris, 1902).
Rizzo, G.E. Monete greche della Sicilia. (Rome, 1946).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Seltman, C.T. "The Engravers of the Akragantine Decadrachms" in NC 1948.
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 1: Italy - Sicily. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Parts 5 - 6. (Berlin, 1977).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 2: Sicily - Thrace. (London, 1947).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume X, John Morcom Collection. (Oxford, 1995).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Parts 3 - 5. (New York, 1975).
Tudeer, L.O. Die Tetradrachmenprägung von Syrakus in der Periode der Signierenden Künstler. (Berlin, 1913).
Tropea, G. Numismatica Siceliota del Museo, Mandralisca in Cefalù. (Messina, 1901).
Viola, M.R. Corpus Nummorum Punicorum. (Milan, 2010).
Weil, R. Die Künstlerinschriften der sicilischen Münzen. (Winckelmannsfest-Progr. 44), 1884.
Westermark, U. "Himera. The Coins of Akragantine Type 2" in Travaux Le Rider.
Westermark, U. & K. Jenkins. The Coinage of Kamarina. Royal Numismatic Society, Special Publication 9. (London, 1980).


Catalog current as of Friday, February 05, 2016.
Page created in 2.074 seconds
Sicilian Greek Coins