Agyrion, , c. 344 - 336 B.C.
Agyrion (modern Agira) was a Sicel city ruled by tyrants, one of whom, Agyris, was the most powerful ruler in the center of . In 392 B.C., he and Dionysius the Elder, together successfully resisted the Carthaginians under Magno. Agira was not colonized by the Greeks until the Corinthian general Timoleon drove out the last Sicel tyrant in 339 B.C. and settled 10,000 Greeks.GB63889. Bronze AE 14, III p. 125, 10; -; -, VF, nice , 4.086 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 180o, Agyrion (Agira, , Italy) mint, c. 344 - 336 B.C.; AΓYPINAI, young Herakles' left, clad in scalp headdress; AΓYPINAI, forepart of a left, horizontal above; ; $130.00 (€115.70)
Kamarina, , 420 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GB67649. Bronze onkia, , F, 196; vol III, p. 57, 22; 553 (R1), VF, green , 1.382 g, maximum 10.9 mm, 90o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ), smooth neatly waved hair tied with ribbon, symmetrical locks on forehead, dimpled cheeks, protruding tongue; KAMA, owl standing left, facing, lizard with down in right talon, one pellet (mark of value) in , no control marks; ; $130.00 (€115.70)
, , Roman Rule, 212 - c. 189 B.C.
Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcellus took in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.GB69016. Bronze AE 22, II p. 424, 227; 1066 ff.; 900; 1472 ff.; 1474 (S), gVF, nice green , unusual , 7.757 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 45o, mint, 212 - c. 189 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; in galloping in a right, whip(?) in right, reins in left, crescent above, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in ; ; $130.00 (€115.70)
, , c. 425 - 406 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.SH56732. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 172, 26; 1028; 519; 137; -; -, aF, 13.624 g, maximum 24.9 mm, 90o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, c. 425 - 406 B.C.; AKPA, left, wings open, lowered, clutching dead hare in talons; crab, crayfish left below, three pellets flanking claws on each side (six total), all within a shallow round ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcellus forced his way into . Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of to Rome, the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common. GB66799. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 110, 25; 1278; 563; 612 (R1); p. 51, 65 ; -, VF, 3.768 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of right; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $125.00 (€111.25)
, , 287 - 241 B.C.
Zeus Hellanios may be translated as "Zeus worshiped by all Greeks." In , Zeus Hellanios was depicted without a beard, and so is often mistaken for . Zeus Hellanios may have been depicted on this coin to unify the Greeks against . It highlights a commonality among all Greeks and a distinction between them and the Phoenicians, who worshiped .GB69009. Bronze trias, p 214, 134; 134; cf. 541; 113 var. (∆ control letter on ); 159, VF, nice , 4.360 g, maximum 19.22 mm, 90o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 287 - 241 B.C.; beardless and laureate of Zeus Hellanios right; two eagles left, hare in talons, nearest with upright screaming, behind lowered on hare; $125.00 (€111.25)
, , c. 415 B.C., By the Master Phrygillos
by the master Phrygillos. referring to this notes, "Coins exist signed by signed by Kimon (KIM), Phrygillos (ΦPI), Eukleidas (EY) and by an unknown engraver with the letter E (Eumenes?)." While the signature on this coin is not clear, it is without any doubt the of Phrygillos.GI77310. Bronze hemilitron, p. 47, 19 fr 4; 412; p. 182, 243; 696 ( symbol off ); 1186; 1479 (S), VF, rough, encrustations, areas of corrosion, 3.568 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 135o, mint, c. 415 B.C.; of Arethusa left, hair in (inscribed ΦPI?), behind; ΣY−PA, wheel of four spokes, in each of the lower quarters; $125.00 (€111.25)
, , The Third Democracy, c. 334 - 317 B.C.
Timoleon established a democracy in 345 B.C. and after defeating the Carthaginians in 339 B.C., he retired into private life without assuming any title or office. He went blind before his death. When important issues were discussed he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. After his death, the struggle for control of the city restarted, ending with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power with a coup in 317 B.C.GB67679. Bronze , II p. 199, 85; p. 191, 331; 738; 46 - 647 (310 - 305 B.C.); , 1486 (S, 310 - 305 B.C.), VF, rough areas, 5.639 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 315o, mint, c. 334 - 317 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, laureate of left; Pegasos with pointed wing flying to left, ∆ below; $120.00 (€106.80)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened.GS90331. Silver hemilitron, 716 (V351/R717), 1390 (R2), -, -, -, F, grainy, 0.347 g, maximum 9.7 mm, mint, c. 420 - 415 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa right, hair in ; S-Y-R-A, clockwise within a wheel of four pokes; ex Numismatik ; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C.
Hieron II was tyrant and then of , c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense . The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the , he eventually allied with Rome.GB71006. Bronze , p. 399, 198 R1; -; -; -; ; -; -, aVF, nice green , 7.329 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 315o, mint, c. 217 - 215 B.C.; diademed of Poseidon right; ornamented trident-head, dolphins at sides, IEP−ΩNOΣ in lower divided by shank, ΛY lower right; very right; $120.00 (€106.80)
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