, , 287 - 241 B.C.
Zeus Hellanios may be translated as "Zeus worshiped by all Greeks." In , Zeus Hellanios was depicted without a beard, and so is often mistaken for . Zeus Hellanios may have been depicted on this coin to unify the Greeks against . It highlights a commonality among all Greeks and a distinction between them and the Phoenicians, who worshiped .GB69009. Bronze trias, p 214, 134; 134; cf. 541; 113 var. (∆ control letter on ); 159, VF, nice , 4.360 g, maximum 19.22 mm, 90o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 287 - 241 B.C.; beardless and laureate of Zeus Hellanios right; two eagles left, hare in talons, nearest with upright screaming, behind lowered on hare; $125.00 (€111.25)
, , c. 415 B.C., By the Master Phrygillos
by the master Phrygillos. referring to this notes, "Coins exist signed by signed by Kimon (KIM), Phrygillos (ΦPI), Eukleidas (EY) and by an unknown engraver with the letter E (Eumenes?)." While the signature on this coin is not clear, it is without any doubt the of Phrygillos.GI77310. Bronze hemilitron, p. 47, 19 fr 4; 412; p. 182, 243; 696 ( symbol off ); 1186; 1479 (S), VF, rough, encrustations, areas of corrosion, 3.568 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 135o, mint, c. 415 B.C.; of Arethusa left, hair in (inscribed ΦPI?), behind; ΣY−PA, wheel of four spokes, in each of the lower quarters; $125.00 (€111.25)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened.GS90331. Silver hemilitron, 716 (V351/R717), 1390 (R2), -, -, -, F, grainy, 0.347 g, maximum 9.7 mm, mint, c. 420 - 415 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa right, hair in ; S-Y-R-A, clockwise within a wheel of four pokes; ex Numismatik ; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C.
Hieron II was tyrant and then of , c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense . The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the , he eventually allied with Rome.GB71006. Bronze , p. 399, 198 R1; -; -; -; ; -; -, aVF, nice green , 7.329 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 315o, mint, c. 217 - 215 B.C.; diademed of Poseidon right; ornamented trident-head, dolphins at sides, IEP−ΩNOΣ in lower divided by shank, ΛY lower right; very right; $120.00 (€106.80)
Leontini, , c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Leontini was founded by from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the .GS65784. Silver hemilitra, 548; B; cf. 688 (R2, ); 216 ( , finer ); p. 88, 22 (same); 342 (same), aVF, , crude (perhaps a barbaric imitative), 0.280 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 0o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; crude facing scalp, dot ; LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round ; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by in 2012; very ; $115.00 (€102.35)
, , Hiketas II, 287 - 278 B.C.
Hicetas was the tyrant of for about nine years. The only recorded events during his rule are his over Phintias, tyrant of , and his defeat to the Carthaginians at the river Terias. He was expelled from by Thynion shortly before Pyrrhus arrived in .GB66247. Bronze , II p. 313, 168 R1; 796; 803 ff., 1449 (S), aEF, 8.179 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 135o, mint, 287 - 278 B.C.; ∆IOΣ EΛΛANIOY, laureate of young Zeus Hellanios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, A over left; $110.00 (€97.90)
, , Roman Rule, 212 - c. 189 B.C.
Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcellus took in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.GB69015. Bronze AE 21, II p. 424, 227; 1066 ff.; 900; 1472 ff.; 1474 (S), VF, , green , light corrosion and marks, 9.230 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, mint, 212 - c. 189 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; in galloping in a right, whip(?) in right, reins in left, crescent above, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in ; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Katane, , c. 415 - 403 B.C.
Katane was captured by Dionysios of in 403 B.C., who sold the population into slavery and resettled the city with Campanian mercenaries. The city submitted to Rome during the First Punic war. GB90652. Bronze tetras, III p. 91, 1; 1272; p. 50, 51; -, -, VF, 1.985 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 45o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 415 - 403 B.C.; AMENANOΣ, young of river-god Amenanos left, with horns and wavy hair; winged thunderbolt, wings open, K-A flanking under wings, three small pellets around (two above wings, one right); ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Thermae Himerenses, , c. 407 - 370 B.C.
In 409 B.C., the Carthaginians under the command of Hannibal, conquered Himera, crucified three hundred of its leading men and obliterated the town. The site has been desolate ever since. The few surviving Greeks were settled by the Carthaginians eleven kilometers of Himera at Thermae Himeraeae (Termini Imerese today). Thermae was the birthplace of Agathocles.
Herakles was named in of his stepmother , but she was his enemy. She even tried to prevent his birth by tying his mother's legs in knots and to kill him as an infant with two serpents. After drove him mad, slew his own six sons. She made almost all of Herakles' twelve labors more difficult. later befriended Herakles for saving her from Porphyrion, a giant who tried to rape her. She even gave her daughter Hebe to him as his bride.GB70605. Bronze AE 15, I p. 119, 13; p. 83, 3; 190; -, VF, 3.800 g, maximum 15.2 mm, 180o, Thermai mint, c. 407 - 370 B.C.; of right wearing ; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion's headdress; $110.00 (€97.90)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C., Possibly the of Phrygillos
notes that coins of this issue included dies signed by the masters Kimon, Phrygillos, Eukleidas, and possibly Eumenes. Other examples, many of which were struck with dies, are unsigned. Some examples with a behind Arethusa are signed by Phrygillos. Other coins of this that are not signed, but with his and the same are also believed to be his . There is no signature visible on this coin but it is in and is likely the of Phrygillos.GI75170. Bronze hemilitron, II p. 48, 20; 411; p. 182, 243; 696 ( symbol off ); 1186; 1479 (S), VF, classical , green , a little off-center, light cleaning scratches, encrustations, 3.184 g, maximum 15.8 mm, 180o, mint, c. 415 - 405 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa left, hair in and , downward with turned back up (control symbol) behind; four-spoked wheel, ΣY−PA divided by spoke across upper two quarters, down and inward in each of the lower quarters; $110.00 (€97.90)
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