, , Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.
Although Agathocles was brutal in pursuit of power, afterward he was a mild and popular "tyrant." His grandest goal was to establish democracy as the dominant form of government for the world. He did not want his sons to succeed him as and the Syracusan democracy on his death bed.GB69177. Bronze trias, II p. 247, 118; 1255 ff.; 752; 776; p. 198, 414; 1204; 1509 (S), aVF, , 1.880 g, maximum 15.5 mm, 45o, mint, c. 308 - 307 B.C.; helmeted of left, wearing ornamented Corinthian helmet; ΣYPAK/OΣIΩN, thunderbolt; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C.
Hieron II was tyrant and then of , c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense . The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the , he eventually allied with .GB72271. Bronze AE 27, II p. 381, 195 R1 16; p. 217, 585; 23; 833 ff. var. (control), 1375 ff. var. (control); 1548, VF/aF, green , pitting, 15.743 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 0o, mint, c. 275 - 215 B.C.; diademed of Hieron left, beardless; horseman prancing right, holding couched spear, Λ (control symbol) below, IEPΩNOΣ (off ); $100.00 (€89.00)
, , c. 413 - 406 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to in 210 B.C.GI83604. Silver , 59, 1010, 105 (R1), -, F, , etched surfaces, grainy surfaces, 1.86 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 180o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, c. 413 - 406 B.C.; right, wings open, lowered, holding supine hare right in talons; crab seen from above, fish right below; $100.00 (€89.00)
Kamarina, , 420 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GB59962. Bronze onkia, vol III, p. 54, 18; 190, VF, flaw on , 1.132 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 0o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; Gorgon's facing with wild locks and no hair band; KAMA, owl standing right, facing, lizard in left claw, pellet in ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, , Dionysius I, 405 - 367 B.C.
"The model for the on the is derived from the facing Arethusa by Kimon. Exemplars signed by the great master are known. This issue is usually attributed to Exakestidas with several exemplars signed E. However, stylistic evidence of many exemplars reveals such substantial differences the intervention of other engravers seems to be certain, while the discovery of traces of signature not completely legible but certainly not pointing to Exakestidas confirm the assumption." - p. 59GB68426. Bronze tetras, II p. 59 ff., 29; 385; 679; 1105; 1432 (R1, Second Democracy, 415-405 B.C.); -, VF, nice green , edge chips, 1.431 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 90o, mint, c. 405 - 400 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing necklace; octopus; $95.00 (€84.55)
as Hispani, , c. 211 - 185 B.C.
In 214, during the Second Punic War, switched its allegiance from to . remained autonomous until 211, when it became the last Sicilian town to be captured by the Romans. It was given as payment by to a group of Spanish mercenaries, who issued coins with the HISPANORVM. See Kenan Erim, "Morgantina," AJA, vol. 62, no. 1 (Jan., 1958), pp. 79-90.GB65639. Bronze AE 22, , 253, pl. 7, 18 (same dies); III p. 341, 1; 1079; 4/II 484, aF, large , 8.400 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 45o, mint, c. 211 - 185 B.C.; C SIC-LIVN, male right; HISPANORVM, helmeted horseman cantering right, holding spear; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Iaetia, , 4th Century B.C.
Iaitas was located on Mount Jato, near modern San Giuseppe Jato, a village in a hilly region of Palermo's hinterland, 31 km from the Sicilian capital. The settlement dated back to prehistoric times, with influence of Greek culture from the 6th century B.C.GB65643. Bronze AE 13, I p.383, 1; 1343; -; -, aF, rough, 1.332 g, maximum 13.0 mm, 180o, Iaetia mint, 4th century B.C.; IATINΩN, right; of grain on left, grain kernel (or a second of grain) on right; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Aetna, , c. 210 - 208 B.C.
In 475 B.C. Hieron moved ten thousand settlers from and to Katane and renamed it Aetna. In 461, after Hieron's death, the new settlers were expelled. They moved to the southern slope of the and founded a new Aetna. In 403 B.C., Dionysius the Elder made himself master of Aetna, where he settled his discharged Campanian mercenaries, the Kampanoi. The Kampanoi retained possession of Aitna until 339 B.C., when Timoleon took the city and put them to the sword. Under , Aitna became a municipal town of considerable importance; its territory being one of the most fertile of all . The site of the city and time of its destruction are unknown today.GB65648. Bronze trias, III, p. 148, 9a (same dies), 1160 - 1161 var. (pellets right); p. 4, 2 var. (same), VF, nice green , 4.459 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 45o, Aitna mint, Roman rule, c. 210 - 208 B.C.; and draped of right; AITNAIΩN, warrior standing facing, right, spear vertical in right, in left; three pellets lower right; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Leontini, , c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Leontini was founded by from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the .GS65783. Silver hemilitra, 548; B; cf. 688 (R2, ); 216 ( , finer ); p. 88, 22 (same); 342 (same), F, , porous, crude (perhaps a barbaric imitative), 0.297 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 225o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; crude facing scalp, dot ; LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round ; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by in 2012; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Leontini, , c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Leontini was founded by from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the .GS65784. Silver hemilitra, 548; B; cf. 688 (R2, ); 216 ( , finer ); p. 88, 22 (same); 342 (same), aVF, , crude (perhaps a barbaric imitative), 0.280 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 0o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; crude facing scalp, dot ; LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round ; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by in 2012; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
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