Kamarina, , 413 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76938. Bronze tetras, 200; III pp. 63 - 65, 33; p. 40; 40; 415; 1228; 169; 548, gVF, nice green , , 3.242 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 90o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 413 - 405 B.C.; of left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wing, dot ; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, , c. 510 - 500 B.C.
was founded early in the 6th century by from Gela. It was second only to in importance on , but was sacked by the Carthaginians in 406 B.C. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.
GS79796. Silver , Id; cf. 90 (R2); 18; 28; p. 6, 9 ( ), VF, attractive , , die wear, light marks and , 8.559 g, maximum 22.6 mm, 315o, mint, c. 495 - 482 B.C.; AKPAXA/NTOΣ (counterclockwise from lower right, letters retrograde), sea standing left, wings closed; crab; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, , 450 - 440 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI76829. Cast bronze trias, I, p. 143, 1; pl. I, 1; 61; 1015; 832; 126 (R1);, VF, green , earthen deposits, some light corrosion, 16.186 g, mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; cast near tooth-shaped flattened form, four pellets on flat top, sea-eagle standing left on one side, crab opposite; ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, , Fifth Democracy, 214 - 212 B.C.
Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcellus took in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.
GI76346. Bronze tetras, II p. 418, 209/3; 1052 var. ( arrangement, etc.); 1514 var. ( left, etc.); -, VF, nice green , 4.176 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 105o, mint, c. 214 - 212 B.C.; diademed of Poseidon right; ΣYPAKO−ΣIΩN (clockwise from upper right), ornamented trident ; very ; $400.00 (€356.00)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $360.00 (€320.40)
Piakos, , c. 425 - 400 B.C.
Struck with unsigned dies by the ?Maestro della Foglia.? was the first to suggest that this famed artist who magnificent masterpieces for Katane, was also the engraver for the dies of this Piakos coinage. Other experts have agreed. This particular might have been his very first . dates the to a possible period of transitory independence, 425 - 424 B.C., during the time of the first Carthaginian invasion of to shortly after Gela's conference. Other authorities date it as late as 400 B.C.SH71341. Bronze tetras, III p. 198, 2; pl. LX, 14; 1101 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF, 2.357 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 45o, Piakos mint, c. 425 - 400 B.C.; P•I•A•K (pellets are mark of value), laureate and horned of a young river-god left; hound right attacking fallen stag right, seizing her by the throat, barley kernel on left and another on right; ; $360.00 (€320.40)
, , Pyrrhus of , 278 - 276 B.C.
This combination of control is not listed in the references examined. The control symbol is normally paired with a (thunderbolt) on the . The vertical trident control symbol is normally paired with a club on the .
SH73164. Bronze AE 26, II p. 325, 177 Ds 69 var. (club vice cornucompia); 810 var.; 844 ff. var.; 1333 ff. var.; 1450 (S), VF, nice , nice , broad , edge split, 11.274 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin head-dress, (control symbol) behind; Promachos advancing right, helmeted and draped, hurling javelin with raised right hand, in left hand, no , vertical trident upward (control symbol) behind; variety; $320.00 (€284.80)
Gela, , c. 339 - 310 B.C.
Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of ," a subtle sign that she was worshipped long before she was made one of the . She and her daughter were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian . SH71027. Bronze tetras, , group XII, 549; III p. 29, 59; p. 74, 77; 287; SNG Müchen 324; 123; 388 (R1), VF, , green , corrosion, 2.921 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 135o, Gela mint, c. 339 - 310 B.C.; ΓEΛΩI−ΩN (beginning upward on left), of Demeter facing slightly right, wreathed with barley, wearing earrings and necklace; bearded of river-god Gela left, short horn over forehead, bull's ear, wreathed with barley (or reeds?); ; $315.00 (€280.35)
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GI76945. Bronze , II p. 287, 150 Ds 14 Rs 63; p. 196, 391; 740; 767; 1465 var. (R1, 4th Democracy, different controls), aEF, dark sea-green , light marks, small spots of light corrosion, with ragged edge splits, 8.501 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 315o, mint, 305 - 295 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of young Herakles left, wearing , (control symbol) behind neck; walking right, right foreleg raised, club right above, arrow right (control symbol) in ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, , Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.
Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
SH71353. Bronze dilitron, II p. 185, 80; 533; 717; 1159; 1456; p. 189, 311; 1439 (S), gVF, some corrosion, 18.018 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 225o, mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios left; ΣYPAKOΣION, free horse prancing left; $290.00 (€258.10)
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