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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ SicilyView Options:  |  |  |     

Ancient Greek Coins of Sicily

The coins of Ancient Greek Sicily are considered among the finest numismatic works of art ever produced. Superb examples may cost tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars. Forum's selections include some more affordable examples.


Gela, Sicily, c. 430 - 425 B.C.

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Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos (Rhodes) and Crete, 45 years after the founding of Syracuse. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a platform of "Sicily for the Sicilians" and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island.
SH67849. Silver litra, SNG Cop 275, BMC Sicily 52, Jenkins Gela 405, VF, weight 0.657 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 180o, Gela mint, 530 - 425 B.C.; obverse bearded horseman helmeted and armed with shield and spear prancing left; reverse CEΛAΣ, forepart of a man-faced bull right; $350.00 (€304.50)


Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.

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Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
SH71353. Bronze dilitron, Calciati II p. 185, 80; SNG ANS 533 ff.; SNG Morcom 717; SNG München 1159; SNG Lloyd 1456; BMC Sicily p. 189, 311; HGC 2 1439 (S) (S), gVF, some corrosion, weight 18.018 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left; reverse ΣYPA−K−OΣIO−N (clockwise from 11:00), free horse prancing left; $350.00 (€304.50)


Soloi, Sicily, c. 300 - 254 B.C.

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SH57303. Bronze AE 15, Calciati I, p. 312, 16; SNG ANS 744, gVF, reverse die break, weight 1.334 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 270o, Soloi mint, c. 300 - 254 B.C.; obverse short-bearded male (Hercules?) head right, wearing hoop earring; reverse free horse galloping right; rare; $320.00 (€278.40)


Tauromenion, Sicily, c. 357 - 315 B.C.

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Taormina is between Messina and Catania, 250 m above the sea, on the steep slopes of Mt. Tauro. A necropolis proves Tauromenion was first a Sikel stronghold. The Greek city was founded in 358 B.C. by descendants of the Naxians, whose city on the shore below had been destroyed by Dionysios of Syracuse in 403. Tauromenion flourished under Rome, especially after Augustus founded a colony in 30 B.C.
GB72201. Bronze AE 25, Calciati III p. 211, 4 (hemidrachm); De Luynes 1404; HGC 2 1577 (R1), F, corrosion, open edge crack, scratches, weight 14.651 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 270o, Tauromenion (Taormina, Sicily) mint, c. 357 - 315 B.C.; obverse APXAΓETAΣ, laureate head of Apollo Archagetas left; reverse TAYΠOM/ENITAN, man-faced bull walking left, bunch of grapes on left below head; from the Nicholas Molinari Collection; very rare; $300.00 (€261.00)


Syracuse, Sicily, c. 405 B.C., Style of Kimon

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The finest style, perhaps by one of the greatest masters of numismatic art. The famous master-engravers of Syracuse, who signed their work in gold and silver, also signed some bronze coins. This obverse die shares style with the Kimon signed die. However, it has the addition of a necklace not seen on the Kimon signed obverse die in Calciati, and it lacks the signature.
GI75167. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II 45, 19 fr 1 (different dies but same style and perhaps same hand); HGC 2 1479; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; SNG München -; BMC Sicily -, gVF, superb style with a beautiful Arethusa, nice green patina, tight obverse but well centered, perfectly centered reverse, some die wear, some encrustation, weight 3.800 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, Syracuse mint, c. 405 B.C.; obverse head of Arethusa left, hair bound with ampyx and sphendone, wearing hoop earring and wire necklace; reverse wheel of four spokes, ΣY−PA in upper quarters divided by spoke, dolphin head down and inward in each of the lower quarters; very rare; $300.00 (€261.00)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

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When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, Varbanov 464 (R5), AMNG II 555, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, aVF, glossy green patina, weight 14.534 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; obverse AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ−X−IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward serpent coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center field; rare; $270.00 (€234.90)


Himera, Sicily, 420 - 409 B.C.

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In 409 B.C., Carthage attacked Himera. The city was unprepared; its fortifications weak. At first they were supported about 4000 auxiliaries from Syracuse, but their general, Diocles, seized with panic for the safety of Syracuse itself, abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. More than 3000 prisoners were put to death by General Hannibal Mago as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at the Battle of Himera in 480 B.C.
GB70582. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I p. 41, 27; SNG Cop 318, SNG München 365; SNG ANS 184 var (grasshopper control), VF, well centered, nice patina, weight 5.272 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 90o, Himera mint, 420 - 409 B.C.; obverse Pan on a goat prancing right, nude but for chlamys fluttering in the wind behind, preparing to blow on conch in right, thyrsus in left over shoulder, Corinthian helmet (control symbol) below; reverse HIMEPAION, Nike flying left, apluster with dangling fillets in extended right, fold of long chiton in left, six pellets (mark of value) left below arm; $260.00 (€226.20)


Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C.

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Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
GB90187. Bronze AE 28, Calciati II p. 381, 195; SNG ANS 924; SNG Cop 839; SNG Morcom 822; HGC 2, 1548; BMC Sicily p. 217, 588, VF, weight 16.838 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 230 - 215 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Hieron left, beardless, uncertain control symbol behind; reverse IEPΩNOΣ, horseman prancing right, holding couched spear, N lower right; $250.00 (€217.50)


Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon and the 3rd Democracy, 344 - 317 B.C.

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Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
GB63873. Bronze dilitron, Calciati II p. 185, 80; SNG ANS 533 ff.; SNG Morcom 717; SNG München 1159; SNG Lloyd 1456; BMC Sicily p. 189, 311; HGC 2 1439 (S), VF, weight 17.807 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 339 - 334 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left; reverse ΣYPAKOΣION, free horse prancing left; $240.00 (€208.80)


Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.

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Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
SH58244. Bronze dilitron, Calciati II p. 185, 80; SNG ANS 533 ff.; SNG Morcom 717; SNG München 1159; SNG Lloyd 1456; BMC Sicily p. 189, 311; HGC 2 1439 (S), VF, weight 18.748 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left; reverse ΣYPAKOΣION, free horse prancing left; nice green patina; $225.00 (€195.75)




    






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Catalog current as of Monday, August 03, 2015.
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Sicilian Greek Coins