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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Macedonian Dynasty| ▸ |Romanus II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 15 March 963 A.D.

Joint rule with Constantine VII (his father), 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.
Sole rule, 9 November 959 A.D. - April 960
Joint rule with Basil II (his son), April 960 - April 961 A.D.
Joint rule with Basil II and Constantine VIII (his sons), April 961 - 15 March 963 A.D.
Romanus II ruled alone for only three years. He was an ineffectual ruler, dominated by his beautiful wife Theophano. During his rule his general, and the future emperor, Nicephorus Phocas, reconquered Crete and captured Aleppo in Syria.


Byzantine Empire, Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.

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This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.
SH36154. Gold solidus, Feg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, EF, weight 4.542 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM, bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (partially obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; nice portrait of Christ; very rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.
SH33737. Gold solidus, Feg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, gVF, weight 4.394 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (partially obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; nice portrait of Christ; very rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.
SH33684. Gold solidus, Feg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, EF, weight 4.379 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (partially obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; superb portrait of Christ; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.

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The intentionally obliterated legend on the reverse is thought to indicate the sole reign of Romanus II. Perhaps the Byzantine mint received no instructions from the incompetent new regime and resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives.
SH35841. Gold solidus, Feg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22; Sommer 37.1, aEF, weight 4.346 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (partially obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; fabulous style, one of the nicest we have handled of the type; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.

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A very popular type depicting Christ wearing a pallium, a very rich, rectangular hem length, jeweled court garment and a colobium, a sleeveless outer tunic. This coin has no pellets or lines in the limbs of the cross within the nimbus. We did not find a single undecorated cross in our references or online.
SH58611. Gold solidus, apparently an unpublished variety; DOC III part 2, 15 var. (pellets in nimbus arms); SBCV 1751 var. (same), Morrisson BnF 15 ff. var. (same), Choice VF, weight 4.405 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIUM, bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left; no pellets or lines in limbs of cross; reverse COnSTAnT' CE ROMAN' AVGG BR, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; ex Forum (2008), attractive bust of Christ, nicely centered; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.
SH35837. Gold solidus, Feg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, aEF, weight 4.370 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, Sole Reign?; obverse + IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM, bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (partially obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; nice portrait of Christ; very rare; SOLD


Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.
SH36247. Gold solidus, Feg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22; same dies as Forum 35841, gVF, reverse finder's scrape, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
A very popular type depicting Christ wearing a pallium, a very rich, rectangular hem length, jeweled court garment and a colobium, a sleeveless outer tunic.
SH83910. Gold solidus, DOC III part 2, 15; Wroth BMC 60, Morrisson BnF 37/Cp/AV/15; Ratto 1905; Berk Gold 278; SBCV 1751; Sommer 36.9, VF, clipped, uncleaned, scratches, weight 4.054 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 6 Apr 945 - 9 Nov 959 A.D.; obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIUM, bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, three pellets in each limb of the cross; reverse COnSTAnT' CE ROMAN' AVGG BR, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; from the Robert Wachter Collection, ex Clark Smith; SOLD


Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace."

SH17791. Gold solidus, Feg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, aVF, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (partially obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.

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The X following the obverse legend appears to be unpublished but one other specimen, with the X undescribed, is known from auction records. Another less rare variety with a paisley-shaped (floral?) ornament at the end of the obverse legend is also unpublished in references but known from auctions.
SH89539. Gold solidus, DOC III part 2, 15 var.; Morrisson BnF 37/Cp/AV/22 var.; Wroth BMC 60 var., SBCV 1751 var.; Sommer 36.9 var. (none with X at end of obv. leg.), F, clipped flan, graffiti obverse right field, weight 4.065 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 6 Apr 945 - 9 Nov 959 A.D.; obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIum X, bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, three pellets in each limb of the cross; reverse COnSTAnT' CE ROmAn' AyGG BR, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; from the Robert Wachter Collection; extremely rare variant; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Feg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 2: Basil I to Nicephorus III, 867-1081. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Thursday, October 17, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Romanus II