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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>HeracleanDynasty>Heraclius PAGE 16/21«««131415161718»»»

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


Click for a larger photo BZ36638. Bronze 12 nummi, SBCV 861; DOC II part 1, 197, F, weight 7.396 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 270o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 632 - 641 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (in center) and Heraclius Constantine (right) wearing crown with cross, Heraclonas (left) with cross above head, all standing wearing chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse cross potent above monogram between I-B, ALEΞ (Alexandria) in exergue; black and turquoise patina; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo BB57506. Bronze 12 nummi, DOC II, part 1, 189; SBCV 853; Wroth BMC 289, Tolstoi 308; Ratto 1445; Morrisson BnF 1, F, weight 5.347 g, maximum diameter 16.83 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandria mint, c. 613 - 618 A.D.; obverse dd NN h hERAC (blundered), facing busts of Heraclius and his son Heraclius Constantine; reverse large IB (12 nummi) divided by cross potent on two steps, AΛEΞ in ex; SOLD


Click for a larger photo This is the larger module for this issue. At the end of year 21 this type was reduced in size. This coin is overstruck on an earlier follis. Heraclius Constantine appears to be holding a long cross? If so, this would be a variety not listed in Sear or Dumbarton Oaks.BZ02210. Bronze follis, SBCV 810; DOC II part 1, 105c, gF, weight 5.91 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 629 - 630 A.D.; obverse monogram left, Heraclius in military dress holding long cross on left, Heraclius Constantine in chlamys holding globus cruciger on right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, X/X right (regnal year 20), Γ below (3nd officina), CON (Constantinople) in exergue; little wear and attractive desert patina, parts of design obscure due to undertype feature effects; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo Overstruck on an earlier follis. Part of under-type legend visible on obverse. This type was reduced in size at the end of this regnal year.BZ02213. Bronze follis, SBCV 810; DOC II part 1, 1056a, F, weight 10.88 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 630 - 631 A.D.; obverse Heraclius in military dress holding long cross on left, Heraclius Constantine in chlamys holding globus cruciger on right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, X/X/I right (regnal year 21), A below (1st officina), CON (Constantinople) in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. In 74 B.C. allied with Rome, it withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterward of Hellespontus. Gallienus opened an imperial mint at Cyzicus, which continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era.BZ12724. Bronze follis, SBCV 839, F, weight 12.171 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 611 - 612 A.D.; obverse O N hRACLI PERP AVG (or similar), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, cross in right, shield in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II (regnal year 2), cross above, retrograde B below, KYZ (Cyzicus) in ex; uncleaned; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo BZ13447. Bronze follis, SBCV 805, F, weight 10.299 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads, STN visible from undertype; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, III right, A below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; overstruck on an older follis; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo Heraclius came to power through revolt against the tyrannical Focas. He defeated the Sassanid Persians, but this only facilitated Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after. BZ38936. Bronze half follis, SBCV 814 (overstruck an older Constantinople mint half follis), aVF, weight 7.119 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 637 A.D.; obverse No legend, Heraclius, on left, and Heraclius Constantine stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in left, cross between heads, X and CON form undertype; reverse large K (20 nummi), ANNO left, regnal year (off flan) right, cross above, officina letter below (obscured by overstrike effects); SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo BZ40742. Bronze 12 nummi, SBCV 853, VF, weight 5.163 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, c. 613 - 618 A.D.; obverse dd NN h hERAC (blundered), facing busts of Heraclius and his son Heraclius Constantine, cross between heads; reverse large IB (12 nummi) divided by cross potent on two steps, AΛEΞ (Alexandria) in ex; rare variety with cross between heads on the obverse; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo Dumbarton Oaks notes the obverse legend on this type is never completely legible.BZ37343. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 1, 79e; SBCV 805, aVF, overstruck, weight 10.949 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 614 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, each in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, II/II (year 4) right, E (5th officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo BZ13450. Bronze follis, SBCV 805, F, weight 10.676 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 45o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads, STN visible from undertype; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, III right, E below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; overstruck on an older follis; SOLD




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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Saturday, April 18, 2015.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraclius