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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>HeracleanDynasty>Heraclius PAGE 16/21«««131415161718»»»

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


Click for a larger photo
BB57506. Bronze 12 nummi, DOC II, part 1, 189; SBCV 853; Wroth BMC 289, Tolstoi 308; Ratto 1445; Morrisson BnF 1, F, weight 5.347 g, maximum diameter 16.83 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandria mint, c. 613 - 618 A.D.; obverse dd NN h hERAC (blundered), facing busts of Heraclius and his son Heraclius Constantine; reverse large IB (12 nummi) divided by cross potent on two steps, AΛEΞ in ex; SOLD

Click for a larger photo This is the larger module for this issue. At the end of year 21 this type was reduced in size. This coin is overstruck on an earlier follis. Heraclius Constantine appears to be holding a long cross? If so, this would be a variety not listed in Sear or Dumbarton Oaks.
BZ02210. Bronze follis, SBCV 810; DOC II part 1, 105c, gF, weight 5.91 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 629 - 630 A.D.; obverse monogram left, Heraclius in military dress holding long cross on left, Heraclius Constantine in chlamys holding globus cruciger on right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, X/X right (regnal year 20), Γ below (3nd officina), CON (Constantinople) in exergue; little wear and attractive desert patina, parts of design obscure due to undertype feature effects; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Overstruck on an earlier follis. Part of under-type legend visible on obverse. This type was reduced in size at the end of this regnal year.
BZ02213. Bronze follis, SBCV 810; DOC II part 1, 1056a, F, weight 10.88 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 630 - 631 A.D.; obverse Heraclius in military dress holding long cross on left, Heraclius Constantine in chlamys holding globus cruciger on right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, X/X/I right (regnal year 21), A below (1st officina), CON (Constantinople) in exergue; SOLD

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BZ12724. Bronze follis, SBCV 839, F, weight 12.171 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 611 - 612 A.D.; obverse O N hRACLI PERP AVG (or similar), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, cross in right, shield in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II (regnal year 2), cross above, retrograde B below, KYZ (Cyzicus) in ex; uncleaned; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
BZ13447. Bronze follis, SBCV 805, F, weight 10.299 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads, STN visible from undertype; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, III right, A below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; overstruck on an older follis; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Heraclius came to power through revolt against the tyrannical Focas. He defeated the Sassanid Persians, but this only facilitated Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after.
BZ38936. Bronze half follis, SBCV 814 (overstruck an older Constantinople mint half follis), aVF, weight 7.119 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 637 A.D.; obverse No legend, Heraclius, on left, and Heraclius Constantine stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in left, cross between heads, X and CON form undertype; reverse large K (20 nummi), ANNO left, regnal year (off flan) right, cross above, officina letter below (obscured by overstrike effects); SOLD

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus II Gonatas 277 - 239 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Antigonus' nickname, Gonatas, means "knock-knees."
BB51147. Bronze unit, cf. SGCV II 6787, SNG Cop 1217 ff., Weber 2196 - 7 (refs have monogram or letter right, off flan on this example), gF, weight 3.979 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 90o, obverse head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress knotted at base of neck; reverse horseman riding right, B - A above, ANT (Antigonus) monogram below, [letter or monogram right?]; extremely unusual corrosion effects; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
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BZ40742. Bronze 12 nummi, SBCV 853, VF, weight 5.163 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, c. 613 - 618 A.D.; obverse dd NN h hERAC (blundered), facing busts of Heraclius and his son Heraclius Constantine, cross between heads; reverse large IB (12 nummi) divided by cross potent on two steps, AΛEΞ (Alexandria) in ex; rare variety with cross between heads on the obverse; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Dumbarton Oaks notes the obverse legend on this type is never completely legible.
BZ37343. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 1, 79e; SBCV 805, aVF, overstruck, weight 10.949 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 614 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, each in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, II/II (year 4) right, E (5th officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
BZ13450. Bronze follis, SBCV 805, F, weight 10.676 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 45o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads, STN visible from undertype; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, III right, E below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; overstruck on an older follis; SOLD



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REFERENCES

Adelson, H. Light Weight Solidi and Byzantine Trade during the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. ANSNNM 138. (New York, 1957).
Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Carson, R.A.G., P.V. Hill & J.P.C. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection: Vol. 2, Part 1: Phocas and Heraclius 602-641. (Washington, D.C., 1968).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hahn, W. and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Friday, August 29, 2014.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraclius