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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Heraclean Dynasty ▸ HeracliusView Options:  |  |  |     

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


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Dumbarton Oaks notes the obverse legend on this type is never completely legible.
BZ36622. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 1, 79e; SBCV 805, F, overstruck, weight 10.811 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 614 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, each in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, II/II (year 4) right, E (5th officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; nice black patina; SOLD


Islamic, Arab Pseudo-Byzantine, Bilad al-Sham (Greater Syria), c. 658 - 680 A.D.

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IS36624. Bronze follis, Goodwin Type B (imitating Heraclius, Cyprus mint, SBCV 849; DOC II part 1, 185), F, weight 4.639 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 45o, obverse Heraclius (center), Heraclius Constantine (left) and Heraclonas (right), all standing facing, globus cruciger in right, wearing chlamys crown with cross,; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, ANNO left, X/UI/II (year 18) right, Γ below (3th officina), KVΠP in exergue; SOLD


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BZ27205. Bronze decanummium, DOC II part 1, 249; SBCV 885; Berk 605; Hahn 240, F, weight 4.365 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 617 - 618 A.D.; obverse D N HERACLIVS PP AVG, crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust facing with short beard holding globus cruciger in right; reverse large I (10 nummi), ANNO right, ςII (year 8) right, CAT in exergue; SOLD


Islamic, Arab Pseudo-Byzantine, Bilad al-Sham (Greater Syria), c. 658 - 680 A.D.

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Overstruck on an older clipped follis (typical for the type). It appears the engraver was undecided between a cursive "m" or a capital "M." Goodwin type E has a cursive "m" reverse and is imitative of Constans II. Goodwin type F has a capital "M" reverse and is imitative of Constans II or Heraclius.
BZ32727. Bronze follis, Goodwin type E - F (imitating Constans II or Heraclean follis), aVF, weight 3.412 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse emperor standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, long cross in left, globus cruciger in right; reverse large M (with features of "m" and "M") uncertain letters and symbols around; nice "desert" black patina with red earthen fill; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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Year one of the Islamic calendar, the year during which the Hijra occurred, began on 16 July 622. Muhammad and his followers emigrated from Mecca to Medina in September.
BB54952. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 1, 94 var. (1st officina, not held in the collection); SBCV 806, F, flan crack, ragged flan, weight 6.141 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 622 - 623 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (center), Heraclius Constantine, and Empress Martina, all stand facing wearing crown and chlamys with globus cruciger in right, no legend; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, X/II/I right (regnal year 13), ∆ below (4th officina), CON (Constantinople) in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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The Byzantine-Sassanid War ended with a Byzantine victory in 628, but the war, after a century of nearly continuous conflict, left both empires crippled. The Persians suffering economic decline, heavy taxation, religious unrest, dynastic turmoil and other social problems, plunged into civil war. The Byzantines had exhausted their treasure, the Balkans had been largely lost to the Slavs, and Anatolia was devastated. Neither empire was given any chance to recover, as within a few years they were struck by the onslaught of the Arabs, newly united by Islam. The Sassanid Empire would soon be completely destroyed. The Muslim conquest of Syria, Egypt and North Africa, would reduce the Byzantine Empire to a territorial rump consisting of Anatolia and a scatter of islands and footholds in the Balkans and Italy.
BZ55575. Bronze 12 nummi, Morrisson BnF p. 293 and pl. XLVI, 10/A1/AE/04 corr. (same dies, legend corr); DOC II, part 1, 189 var. (legend); Wroth 289 ff. var. (same); SBCV 853, VF, full legend, flat strike, weight 5.801 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 613 - 618 A.D.; obverse dom hERACLS, facing busts of Heraclius (on left, bearded) and his son Heraclius Constantine, each wears a crown with cross and chlamys; reverse large IB (12 nummi) divided by cross potent on two steps, AΛEZ (Alexandria) in exergue; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); SOLD


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On 13 August 612, Empress Eudokia, wife of Heraclius, died of epilepsy. She left two children, and was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.
BZ77430. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 1, 154a; SBCV 833; Wroth BMC 231; Tolstoi 63; Ratto 1306; Hahn MIB 174; Sommer 11.72, VF, dark patina, weak blundered legend, weight 12.885 g, maximum diameter 31.9 mm, die axis 195o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 611 - 612 A.D.; obverse d N hRACLYS PERP AV (or similar), bust facing, bearded, wearing trefoil crown and paludamentum, globus cruciger in right, cross above; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, A/N/N/O left, II (year 2) right, A (1st officina) below, NIKO (Nikomedia) in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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This reverse with ANNO above M is unique to Heraclius.
BB11020. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 101a; SBCV 808, gVF, weight 5.160 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 225o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 626 - 627 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (center), Heraclius Constantine (right), Martina (left), all stand facing wearing crown and chlamys with globus cruciger in right, no legend; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram left, ANNO over cross above, X/ςI right (regnal year 17), A below (1st officina), CON (Constantinople) in exergue; ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; SOLD


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BZ36630. Bronze follis, SBCV 810, smaller module after year 21, VF, overstruck, weight 4.620 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 45o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 630 - 640 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (on left) in military dress holding long cross, Heraclius Constantine (on right) in chlamys holding globus cruciger, monogram above, K right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross over C above, ANNO left, uncertain year right, ∆ (4th officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; SOLD


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In 614, a Sassanid Persian and Jewish army (26,000 men) led by by Shahrbaraz captured and sacked Jerusalem after a 20-day siege. Somewhere between 57,000 and 66,500 citizens were slain; another 35,000 were enslaved, including the Patriarch Zacharias. Many churches in the city (including the "Church of the Resurrection" or Holy Sepulchre) were burned, and numerous relics, including the True Cross, the Holy Lance, and the Holy Sponge, were carried off to the Persian capital Ctesiphon.
BZ36635. Bronze follis, Wroth BMC 2401; Morrisson BnF 10/Ni/AE/06; Tolstoi 269; DOC II part 1, 159a (not in collection, refs. BMC & T); Hahn MIB 175a; SBCV 834; Sommer 11.73, aVF, weight 10.089 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 225o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 613 - 614 A.D.; obverse ddNN...PA, Heraclius (on left), Heraclius Constantine (on right), both stand facing, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right, cross between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, A (first officina) below, NIK (Nicomedia) in exergue; SOLD




    




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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Monday, October 23, 2017.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraclius