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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>HeracleanDynasty>Heraclius PAGE 16/20«««13141516171819»»»

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


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BZ36639. Bronze 12 nummi, SBCV 861; DOC II part 1, 197, F, weight 8.603 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 632 - 641 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (in center) and Heraclius Constantine (right) wearing crown with cross, Heraclonas (left) with cross above head, all standing wearing chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse cross potent above monogram between I-B, ALEΞ in exergue; black and turquoise patina; scarce; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Heraclius' second wife, Martina, was also his niece, his sister's daughter. They had at least ten children, most of whom were sickly and least two suffered birth defects, which was seen at the time as punishment for the illegality of the incestuous marriage. On his deathbed in 641, Heraclius left the empire to both his son from the first marriage, Heraclius Constantine (as Constantine III) and Heraklonas (as Heraclius II), granting them equal rank. Martina was to be honored as empress and mother of both of them. Three days later Martina announced the contents of Heraclius' will in a public ceremony in the Hippodrome of Constantinople before the Byzantine Senate and the crowds of Constantinople. This ceremony typically belonged to the succeeding Emperor, not to the Empress, but Heraclius Constantine and Heraklonas were both absent. Martina read the contents of the will and claimed the senior authority for herself. The crowd, however, instead acclaimed the names of the two Emperors and not her own. She was forced to return to the palace in defeat. When Heraclius Constantine died suddenly of tuberculosis only four months later, the common belief was that the Empress poisoned her stepson to leave Heraklonas as sole ruler. Facing rebellion, Heraklonas named Constans II, son of the late Heraclius Constantine, a co-emperor. This, however, failed to ease the discontent and by the end of the month the Byzantine Senate deposed him. His nose was slit, Martina's tongue cut out and they were exiled to Rhodes. Constans II became sole emperor.
BZ43733. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 99 var (1st officina not listed for year 15), SBCV 808, VF, weight 5.625 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, 624 - 625 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (center), Heraclius Constantine (right), Martina (left), all stand facing wearing crown and chlamys with globus cruciger in right, no legend; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram left, ANNO over cross above, X/Y right (regnal year 15), A below (1st officina); SOLD

Click for a larger photo In 613, Muhammad began preaching Islam in public.
BZ57508. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 169a; Wroth BMC 256; Morrison BN 7; Tolstoi 70; Ratto 1311; SBCV 839, F, overstruck, weight 10.675 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 612 - 613 A.D.; obverse [d N hERACLI] PERP K AC (sic), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, short beard, cross in right, shield in left; reverse large M between A/N/N/O and III (regnal year 3), cross above, A below, KYZ in ex; scarce; SOLD

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BZ36631. Bronze follis, SBCV 811; DOC II part 2, 125C, gF, weight 5.124 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 639 - 640 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (center) in military dress, long cross in left, long beard and mustache, Heraclius Constantine (left) and Heraclonas (right) in chlamys and holding globus cruciger, all wear crown with cross; reverse large M (40 nummi), Heraclius' monogram above, A/N/N/O left, X/X/X (year 30) right, Γ below (3th officina), CON in exergue; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This reverse with ANNO above M is unique to Heraclius. This coin, as typical for the type, is overstruck on an older half follis probably of Maurice Tiberius or Focas.
BZ02209. Bronze follis, SBCV 808; DOC II part 1, 102b, F, overstruck, weight 5.47 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 627 - 628 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (center), Heraclius Constantine (right), Martina (left), all stand facing wearing crown and chlamys with globus cruciger in right, no legend; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram left, ANNO above, X/ς/II right (regnal year 18), B below (2nd officina), CON in exergue; SOLD

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BB11854. Bronze follis, SBCV 804; DOC II part 1, 71c, gF, weight 9.422 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 45o, 4th officina, Constantinople mint, 612 - 613 A.D.; obverse D N hR[ACLI-PERP]AV (or similar), cuirassed, bearded bust facing, wearing crown with trefoil ornament and paludamentum, globus cruciger in right; reverse large M between A/N/N/O and I/II (regnal year 3), P above, ∆ below, CON in ex; scarce; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
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BB13455. Bronze follis, SBCV 805, F, weight 12.590 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 613 - 614 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS Et hERA CONSt PP A, Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads, STN visible from undertype; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, IIII right, B below, CON in ex, NIKO visible from undertype; overstruck on an older follis; SOLD

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BZ36628. Bronze follis, SBCV 810; DOC II part 1, 105a, gF, overstruck, weight 11.808 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople mint, 629 - 630 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (on left) in military dress holding long cross, Heraclius Constantine (on right) in chlamys holding globus cruciger, cross above, K right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross over C above, ANNO left, X/X (year 20) right, ∆ (4th officina) below, CON in exergue; large flan; SOLD

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BZ36632. Bronze follis, SBCV 811, VF, rough, tight flan, weight 2.655 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 639 - 641 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (center) in military dress, long cross in left, long beard and mustache, Heraclius Constantine (left) and Heraclonas (right) in chlamys and holding globus cruciger, all wear crown with cross; reverse large M (40 nummi), Heraclius' monogram above, A/N/N/O left, year off flan right, Γ below (3th officina), CON in exergue; overstruck; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
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BZ47168. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 105a; SBCV 810, F, overstruck, weight 6.691 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, obverse Heraclius (on left) in military dress holding long cross, Heraclius Constantine (on right) in chlamys holding globus cruciger, cross above, K right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross over C above, ANNO left, uncertain year right, A (1st officina) below, CON in exergue; overstruck on half of an older coin; SOLD



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REFERENCES

Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection: Vol. 2, Part 1: Phocas and Heraclius 602-641. (Washington, D.C., 1968).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Carson, R.A.G., P.V. Hill & J.P.C. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hahn, W. and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Saturday, April 19, 2014.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraclius