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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ MatidiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Matidia, Niece of Trajan, Daughter of Mariana, Mother of Sabina, Augusta c. 113 - 119 A.D.

Matidia was the daughter of Marciana, Trajan's niece, and by all accounts she was adored by him. She bore several children, notably the future empress Sabina, wife of Hadrian. After her her mother died, about c. 113, by a decree of the Senate, she was declared Augusta. Possessing all the virtues of her mother, she received the honors of the apotheosis during the reign of Hadrian. The coins of Matidia are of the greatest rarity, especially the sestertius.


Anazarbus, Cilicia, 114 - 115 A.D.

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The torch is a symbol that can be related to either Artemis or Demeter. Although goddess on the reverse is usually identified in references as Artemis, we believe it is Demeter. In year 132, this type was struck at Anazarbus with larger denominations depicting Trajan on the obverse, some with reverses depicting Trajan's sister Marciana, and others with reverses depicting her daughter, Trajan's niece, Matidia. Circulating alongside the other coins, these coins advertised the importance of Marciana and Matidia to the imperial family and suggested that they, similar to Demeter and her daughter Persephone, were essential to the prosperity of the empire.
RP86143. Bronze hemiassaria, BMC Lycaonia p. 31, 3; SNG BnF 2026; SNG Levante 1380 var. (year 132); Ziegler 122; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -, Choice VF, attractive glossy dark green patina, well centered, a few bumps and scratches, weight 2.809 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Anazarbus (Anavarza, Turkey) mint, 114 - 115 A.D.; obverse KAICAPIA ANAZAP, veiled bust of Persephone right, grain ears and poppy before; reverse ET ΓΛP (year 133), veiled bust of Demeter right, wearing polos (resembling a pileus), flaming torch before; $150.00 (127.50)


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Matidia was the daughter of Marciana, Trajan's niece, and by all accounts she was adored by him. She bore several children, notably the future empress Sabina, wife of Hadrian. After her her mother died, about c. 113, by a decree of the Senate, she was declared Augusta. Possessing all the virtues of her mother, she received the honors of the apotheosis during the reign of Hadrian. The coins of Matidia are of the greatest rarity, especially the sestertius.
SH03431. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 1069, RIC II Trajan 761, BMCRE III 1088, Fair, tooled and smoothed, weight 19.15 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse Matidia bust right, draped, hair arranged in coils with jewels on crown of head, front hair drawn over high comb; reverse PIETAS AVGVST (to the piety of the Emperor), Matidia standing front, head left, reaching down to Sabina and Matidia the younger standing at her feet; very rare; SOLD


Matidia, Niece of Trajan, Daughter of Mariana, Mother of Sabina, Augusta c. 113 - 119 A.D., Cotiaeum, Phrygia

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Matidia was the daughter of Marciana, Trajan's niece, and by all accounts she was adored by him. She bore several children, notably the future empress Sabina, wife of Hadrian. After her her mother died, about c. 113, by a decree of the Senate, she was declared Augusta. Possessing all the virtues of her mother, she received the honors of the apotheosis during the reign of Hadrian. The coins of Matidia are of the greatest rarity, especially the sestertius.
RP42235. Bronze AE 21, BMC Phrygia p. 166, 43; SNGvA 3780; SGICV 1116; SNG Cop -, Fair, weight 5.051 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Cotiaeum (Kutahya, Turkey) mint, obverse MATI∆IA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse EΠI KΛ OYAPOY KOTIAEΩN, Zeus enthroned right, long scepter vertical in right; very rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVAAVGVSTAMATIDIA
DIVAMATIDIAAVGVST
DIVAMATIDIAAVGVSTA
MATIDIAAVGDIVAEMARCIANAEF


REFERENCES

Calic, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l?Empire Romain, Vol. 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II: Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 3: Nerva to Hadrian. (London, 1936).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, May 28, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Matidia