, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Philip III Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of , was Alexander the Great's half-brother. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. had him imprisoned and then ordered his execution in 317 B.C.SH72613. Gold , P90, 228 - 230, -, -, EF, lovely Hellenistic , mint luster, 8.579 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a coiled snake, wearing necklace and long drop earring; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded in left at her side, TI left, rose left under wing; ex Numismatics auction 8, lot 470; $5220.00 (€4541.40)
Mytilene, , c. 377 - 326 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual was the hekte (1/6th ). Warwick noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH73442. hekte, Em. 99; 321; 1729; 1025; 1735; 5631, gVF, , minor die wear, 2.564 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 377 - 326 B.C.; of right, wearing wreath and , two stars flanking cap; of right in linear square; ex XVII (6 - 7 Jan 2015), lot 599; ex CNG auction 72 (14 Jun 2006), lot 714; $1300.00 (€1131.00)
Mytilene, , c. 454 - 427 B.C.
Mytilene revolted against Athens in 428 B.C. but was overcome by an Athenian expeditionary force. The Athenian public assembly voted to massacre all the men of the city and to sell the women and children into slavery but changed its mind the next day. A fast trireme sailed the 186 nautical miles (344 km) in less than a day and brought the decision to cancel the massacre.SH73118. hekte, Em. 52; 978, gVF, slightly off center, 2.546 g, maximum 10.8 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 454 - 427 B.C.; young male right, hair in band; wreathed male right, wearing long beard, in square; ex CNG auction 342, lot 272; $900.00 (€783.00)
, Senones, Gaul ( of Sens, France), c. 100 - 60 B.C.
About 400 B.C. the Senones crossed the Alps and, having driven out the Umbrians, settled on the east coast of Italy from Forlì to Ancona (ager Gallicus), and founded Sena Gallica (Senigallia) their capital. In 391 B.C., they invaded and besieged Clusium. The Clusines appealed to Rome, which led to war. In 390 B.C. (or 387 B.C.), the Senones routed the Roman army at Allia and then sacked Rome. For more than 100 years the Senones were engaged in hostilities with Rome. They were finally subdued in 283 B.C. by P. Cornelius Dolabella and driven from Italy. In Gaul, from 53 to 51 B.C., the Senones engaged in hostilities with , brought about by their expulsion of Cavarinus, whom he had appointed their . In 51 B.C., a Senonian named Drappes threatened the Provincia, but was captured and starved himself to death. Their chief towns were Agedincum (later Senones, whence Sens), Metiosedum (Melun?), and Vellaunodunum (site uncertain).
SH75807. Gold , Globular ; 532; 2537; 15, pl. V, 128; 94 (Carnutes?); -, aVF, 7.221 g, maximum 12.4 mm, Agedincum? (Sens, France) mint, c. 100 - 60 B.C.; small in center of plain globule with prominent rim; plain globule with prominent rim; ex Nomos AG, obolos 1, lot 28; ex Cologny Collection; $850.00 (€739.50)
Unstruck Ancient Gold
We cannot say for which issue this gold blank was prepared but some possibilities include: Persian daric; Persic of Cypriot or mint; Mithradates VI era staters of Istros, Tomis and Kallatis; any of the light Attic staters of the time of Mithradates VI; ; or Danube .SH72615. Gold unstruck , blank, pinged rims, many small scratches, 8.317 g, maximum 15.3 mm, $680.00 (€591.60)
Mytilene, , c. 377 - 326 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual was the hekte (1/6th ). Warwick noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH74065. hekte, 95b, p. 165, 90; 1717; -, aVF, classical , , 2.539 g, maximum 10.0 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 377 - 326 B.C.; laureate of right; female right, hair tied in a bunch behind, drapery on neck, framed by linear square; $500.00 (€435.00)
, c. 625 - 600 B.C.
Mitchiner notes this , struck at the Lydian-Milesian used in southern , has no particular affinities with the major coin series from Miletos or . Two possible mint cities, to which no other coins of the period have been attributed, are Myous and Lebedus.SH73584. 1/24th , cf. 292, 167, 51, -, -, VF, struck with worn dies, 0.560 g, maximum 6.3 mm, uncertain southern mint, c. 625 - 600 B.C.; raised irregular square with line and/or pellet decorations and extended corners; irregular square punch with line and/or pellet decorations; very ; $450.00 (€391.50)
Mylasa(?), , c. 560 - 545 B.C.
Under Persian rule, Mylasa was the chief city of . The Persian (governor) ruled the city in varying degrees of allegiance to the emperor. Mylasa was a regionally prominent member of the Delian League, 460 - 450 B.C., but Persian rule was towards the end of the century.SH73588. 1/48 , 168, 302, 215 ( , 560 - 545 B.C.), -, VF, 0.292 g, maximum 4.9 mm, Mylasa(?) mint, c. 560 - 545 B.C.; paw; scorpion within square; very ; $390.00 (€339.30)
Mylasa, , c. 560 - 545 B.C.
Under Persian rule, Mylasa was the chief city of . The Persian (governor) ruled the city in varying degrees of allegiance to the emperor. Mylasa was a regionally prominent member of the Delian League, 460 - 450 B.C., but Persian rule was towards the end of the century.
SH74014. 1/48 , 166 - 167, 925 - 927, 1804, 918, I 94, VF, 0.212 g, maximum 4.9 mm, 180o, Mylasa mint, c. 560 - 545 B.C.; facing, seen from above; scorpion within square; $310.00 (€269.70)
, c. 600 B.C.
GS75109. 1/24th , unpublished in references, Ponterio & Associates sale 152 (8 Jan 2010), lot 5874 (same dies); FORVM SH21301 and SH72612 (same), VF, crude , crack, worn dies, 0.516 g, maximum 6.3 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 B.C.; of stag left; curved lines within punch; very ; $310.00 (€269.70)
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