, , 359 - 336 B.C.
is credited with the invention of the sarissa. Phillip drilled his soldiers, who initially detested the new weapon, to use these formidable pikes with two . The tight formation of the phalanx created a "wall of pikes" and the pike was so long that there were fully five rows of them projecting in front of the front rank of men—even if an enemy got past the first row, there were four more to stop him. The back rows bore their pikes angled upwards in readiness, which also deflected incoming arrows. The new tactic was unstoppable, and by the end of Philip's reign the previously fragile northern Greek kingdom of Macedon, once of the Hellenised periphery, controlled the whole of , and .
SH84019. Gold 1/4 , 49i (D34/R28), 101 (same dies), 219, 535 , -, gVF, die wear, small die break near nose, 2.10 g, maximum 9.8 mm, 180o, mint, 345 - 328 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress knotted at neck; thunderbolt above ΦIΛIΠΠOY, club over bow with string up below; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $1210.00 (€1076.90)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Plain Globular
This is an example of the very earliest form of coinage; a type-less (blank) globule, weighed to a specific , with a simple square punch mark on one side (two or three punch marks on larger denominations). Nine similar pieces were within the famous "Artemision Find" at in 1904.SH79829. 1/12 , 676; 7763; 324; cf. II p. 19, 13 and pl. 1, 11 (striated ); -, VF, 1.141 g, maximum 7.6 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, period of the Artemision Find, c. 650 - 600 B.C.; plain flattened globular surface; roughly square pyramidal punch; $720.00 (€640.80)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced coins are not very similar. It might be more appropriate to describe this coin as unpublished but perhaps the pattern is purely random and it is from the same mint and issue as the or Von Aulock coin.SH76827. 1/24 , cf. 688, 7768, (neither very similar), -, -, I -, -, -, VF, 0.710 g, maximum 6.8 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; random(?) pattern of shapes and pellets; a roughly square punch with a central pellet surrounded by a random(?) pattern of curved lines; $570.00 (€507.30)
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