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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Phoenicia PAGE 1/13«««1234»»»

Phoenicia


Tyre, Phoenicia, 91 - 90 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin
Click for a larger photo
SH15316. Silver half shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 251, 222, gVF, weight 7.082 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 91 - 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date ςΛ (year 36) over club & palm l., ∆ r., Phoenician letter samekh between legs; SOLD

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.


Ptolemy II encouraged education, commerce, industry, immigration and trade resulting in a prosperous growing economy. He was the richest monarch of his age.
SH24850. Gold pentadrachm, Svoronos 636 (8 specimens); BMC Ptolemies p. 9, 74 and pl. II, 2 (same obv die, Ptolemy I), Choice aEF, weight 17.823 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 270 - 267 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, date H and club left; superb strike, lustrous, beautiful!; rare; SOLD

Gebal (Byblos), Phoenicia, c. 450 - 410 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The extremely rare first coinage of Byblos, struck with Egyptian types at an Egyptian weight standard (one kite). A beautiful representation of an Egyptian sphinx in the pose of the famous Giza monumental statue graces the obverse.

Head notes, "Herodotus relates (iv. 166) that Aryandes, who had been appointed satrap of Egypt by Cambyses, mortally offended Darius, son of Hystaspes, by issuing silver money which rivalled in purity the gold darics of the great king himself. If the story be true, it probably refers to ordinary Persian sigloi. No coins have come down to us which can be identified as those of Aryandes." Could this coin be the one of those issued by Aryandes?
SH38939. Silver shekel, Betlyon 1, Kraay 1051, SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, weight 8.907 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Gebal mint, obverse Sphinx seated left, wearing crown of Upper and Lower Egypt; reverse lightning bolt (or double lotus) in dotted circle within incuse square; almost equal in quality to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and American Numismatic Society examples; extremely rare; SOLD

Persian Empire, Sidon, Phoenicia, King Strato I (Adb'ashtart I), c. 365 - 352 B.C.
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SH48909. Silver double shekel, Elayi and Elayi Sidon 1345-8; cf. Betlyon 21 & 35; cf. BMC Phoenicia p. 145, 29, gVF, weight 25.428 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 0o, Sidon mint, c. 352 B.C.; obverse armed galley with oars, advancing left, standard in stern, small figure as figurehead on bow, Phoenician regnal date year 14 (IIII-) above; reverse King of Persia with charioteer in a biga left, horses waking, Sidonian king walks behind in Asian garb carrying a cultic scepter and votive vase, Phoenician letters BA (90) above; typical weak strike, nicely centered on a full flan, lightly toned, ex Goldberg Auction 55, lot 77, 29 Oct 2009; SOLD

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo An apparently unique tetradrachm with the Akko mintmark and the two letters perhaps associated with Sosibius, advisor to Ptolemy IV.

Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH64462. Silver tetradrachm, unpublished, cf. Svoronos 786 (Ptolemy II, different monogram), SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -; BMC Ptolemies -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, weight 13.792 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Judaea, Ptolemais (Akko) mint, 205 B.C.; obverse Diademed bust of Ptolemy right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, ΠTο monogram at left, retrograde ΣΩ right; perhaps unique; SOLD

Persian Empire, Gebal-Byblos, Phoenicia, King Azbaal, c. 365 - 350 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In the Persian period (538 - 332 B.C.), Gebal was a vassal kingdom established by the Persians.

Byblos was famous for its papyrus - the word bible is derived from Byblos.
SH32538. Silver dishekel, SNG Cop 132, SGCV II 6011, Rouvier 639, Dewing 2662, attractive aEF, weight 13.187 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, Byblos mint, obverse galley left, lion-head prow, with three hoplites, each helmeted and holding shield, Phoenician monogram ayin zayin (AZ), hippocamp and murex below; reverse Phoenician legend, "Azbaal, king of Gebal", lion attacking bull; SOLD

Persian Empire, Gebal-Byblos, Phoenicia, King Azbaal, c. 365 - 350 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In the Persian period (538 - 332 B.C.), Gebal was a vessel kingdom established by the Persians.
SH26694. Silver dishekel, SNG Cop 132, SGCV II 6011, Rouvier 639, gVF, weight 13.199 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 270o, Byblos mint, obverse galley left, lion-head prow, with three hoplites, each helmeted and holding shield, Phoenician monogram ayin zayin (AZ), hippocamp and murex below; reverse Phoenician legend, "Azbaal, king of Gebal", lion attacking bull; SOLD

Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C. Sidon, Phoenicia
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SH08321. Gold stater, Price 3471, VF, weight 8.48 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 45o, Sidon mint, obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a sphinx; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left holding wreath and ship's mast, branch at feet left; SOLD

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
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SH12598. Gold stater, Price 3464, Newell Dated 6, pl.. 1, #9, VF, weight 8.543 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Sidon mint, 333 - 305 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet; reverse AΛEΞAN∆P−OY, Nike standing left, wreath in right, ship's mast in left, barley grain in lower right field; light scratches and dings; SOLD

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
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SH15299. Gold stater, Price 3423, Müller Alexander 1374, F, weight 8.473 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Byblos mint, c. 330 – 320 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left holding wreath in right and stylus with left, AP monogram left field; ex Coin Galleries 20 Nov 1975, ex Coloseum Coin Exchange; SOLD

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The K behind the ear appears on a few tetradrachms from Tyre and Sidon. Perhaps the finest known of this rare variety.
SH32904. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 715, EF, weight 14.226 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Sidon mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis, signature K behind ear; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, ΣI left; nice high-relief portrait; very rare; SOLD

The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 33 - 34 A.D.
Click for a larger photo POSSIBLE CRUCIFIXION YEAR COIN.

The Bible does not tell the date of the Crucifixion, but based on Biblical clues, the Jewish calendar and astronomical evidence many scholars believe it was Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.

John the Baptist began his ministry in 28 or 29 A.D. and the Gospel of John points to three separate Passovers during Jesus' ministry. Jesus was executed on the orders of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect of Judaea from 26 to 36 A.D. This limits the years to between 30 and 36 A.D.

John P. Meier's A Marginal Jew cites 7 April 30 A.D., 3 April 33 A.D., and 30 March 36 A.D. as astronomically possible Friday Nisan 14 dates during this period. Isaac Newton, using the crescent of the moon, determined the year was 34 A.D. but John Pratt argued that Newton made a minor computation error and 33 A.D. was the accurate answer using Newton's method. Using similar computations, in 1990 astronomer Bradley Schaefer arrived at Friday, April 3, 33 A.D. A third method, using a completely different astronomical approach (consistent with Apostle Peter's reference to a "moon of blood" in Acts 2:20) based on a lunar Crucifixion darkness and eclipse model arrives at the same date, Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.

JD40425. Silver half shekel, RPC I 4693, Prieur 1463, BMC Phoenicia -; only one coin from this year in the hoard, aF, weight 6.249 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PNΘ (year 159) over club left, KP over BA? right, Aramaic aleph between legs; very rare year; SOLD

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI Philometor, 180 - 145 B.C., Arados, Phoenicia
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SH24844. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1207, Mørkholm 167 - 170, Choice EF, weight 14.154 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Arados mint, 169 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, eagle with wings closed standing half left atop fulmen, date PA left (year 91); SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 64 - 65 A.D.
Click for a larger photo One of the last issues of the type and apparently unpublished!
SH26439. Silver half shekel, Prieur -, RPC I -, BMC Phoenicia -, cf. RPC I supplement 4680 (full shekel), VF, weight 6.474 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 64 - 65 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date (year 190) and club left, KP and HP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; extremely rare; SOLD

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This is an extremely rare issue known only from a few specimens.
SH03585. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 174, aF, weight 6.68 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, Phoenicia, Orthosia mint, Phoenician regnal year 3 = 35 - 34 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Cleopatra right, star behind; reverse OPΘΩXIEΩN ΠΓ, Baal of Orthosia in chariot pulled by to griffins to right; extremely rare; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 94 - 93 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH38447. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 241, 124, aEF, weight 14.380 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 94 - 93 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date ΓΛ (year 33) over club left, HAP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
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SH09037. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1478, Choice EF, weight 14.69 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Tyre mint, 103 - 109 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP - TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM, laureate head right, eagle below, club in front, palm-branch behind; reverse ∆HMAPX - EΞ YΠAT B, laureate bust of Melqart draped in lion-skin; a touch flat on high points, very nice metal; rare; SOLD

Seleucid Kingdom, Cleopatra and Antiochus VIII Grypus, 125 - 121 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Antiochus VIII Grypus (Hook-Nose) was crowned as a teenager, ruling jointly with his mother Cleopatra Thea. In 121 B.C., one day when he returned from a hunt, his mother offered him a cup of wine. Since this was not common behavior for her, Grypus was suspicious and forced her to drink the wine; poisoned, it killed her. Grypus fought a civil war with his brother that ended with his murder.
GS42572. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 2271.1, SGCV II 7137, gVF, fine style, weight 15.763 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ake-Ptolemais mint, 125 - 121 B.C.; obverse jugate busts right of Cleopatra Thea, diademed, veiled and wearing stephane, and Antiochos, diademed, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ / KΛEOΠATPAΣ / ΘEAΣ, KAI / BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY, Zeus enthroned left, Nike in right, long scepter vertical in left, v/Σ monogram outer left; ex CNG auction 223, lot 245; very scarce; SOLD

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.
SH26926. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1001, SNG Cop 167, gVF, weight 14.144 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenician mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia left; nice style, high relief dies; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 99 - 98 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH28054. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia, p. 241, 126 - 127 var (right monogram), EF, weight 13.742 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 92 - 91 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date EΛ (year 35) over club and palm frond l., MY monogram right; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 107 - 106 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH62323. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 246, 176; Prieur 1374; RPC I 4628; SNG Cop 328 var (controls), VF, weight 13.713 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 45o, Tyre mint, 38 - 37 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date ΠΘ (year 89) over club left, o/∆I monogram right, Aramaic letter beth between legs; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 107 - 106 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH20434. Silver shekel, BMC p. 246, gVF, weight 14.184 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date ΠH (year 88) over club left, ZN right, Aramaic letter between legs; attractive and nicely toned, reverse double-struck; rare year; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 107 - 106 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH67486. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 238, 94, VF, weight 14.070 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 45o, Tyre mint, c. 107 - 106 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date LK (year 20) over club left, monogram right, Phoenician letter nun between legs; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 99 - 98 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH20281. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia, p. 241, 126 - 127, gVF, toned, weight 14.339 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 92 - 91 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date EΛ (year 35) over club and palm frond l., ∆ right, Phoenician kaph between legs; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 107 - 106 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH53309. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 240, 107, gVF, weight 14.255 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 103 - 102 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, ∆K (year 24) over club and palm frond left, HAP monogram right, Phoenician letter nun between legs; heavy flow lines on the obverse, well centered; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 107 - 106 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH16905. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 238, 94 var (monogram on right), gVF, weight 14.115 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, c. 107 - 106 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date LK (year 20) over club left, M monogram right, Phoenician letter nun between legs; SOLD

Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver, Tyre KP Type Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 20 - 21 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
JD40037. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 248, 201; RPC I 4659; Prieur 1419, EF, uneven, weight 14.236 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 20 - 21 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, letter between legs, PMς (year 146 = 20/21 A.D.) and club left, KP and monogram right; SOLD

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I as Satrap, 323 - 305 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Found in Israel. Overstruck on an earlier Alexander, with the undertype visible on the obverse at 180 degrees at center, and piece of dotted scepter visible below A on reverse. Struck on a weight standard of c. 15.7 g, or 22 obols, at the time of the invasion of Cyprus by Demetrios Poliorketes. Most of the tetradrachms of this weight standard are probably from Salamis, the last city to fall to the Besieger. Some are overstruck on earlier attic-weight Alexanders, reduced in weight. Most have a helmet symbol, perhaps a connection to the army. A few have an aphlaston, a stern ornament, that may symbolize the Ptolemaic Navy. Rare examples have other symbols, including the bee, which may symbolize Ephesos. Other rare symbols include the cornucopia and the dolphin. The symbol on this coin is similar to those attributed to Tyre by Price, from 305 to 290 B.C. Charles Hersh gives similar dates in his article on the Demetrios Poliorketes coinage of Tyre, "Tyrus Devicta Revisted." Sidon struck a unique tetradrachm (now in the ANS collection) of this style and Attic Weight, dated year 22 = 312/1 BC. This unpublished issue, if it is from Tyre, would show brief Ptolemaic control of a portion of the city.
SH21440. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos -, SNG Cop -, BMC -, Noeske -, Mørkholm -, SNG Delepierre -, Hunterian -, apparently unpublished, VF, weight 12.994 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre? mint, c. 306 - 305 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right, wearing elephant-head headdress; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Athena advancing right, eagle and monogram in circle before; overstruck, toned, grainy; extremely rare; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, c. 302 - 301 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This era by which this type was dated is presumably that of Alexander the Great, starting with his conquest of the city in 332 B.C.
SH26477. Silver didrachm, BMC Phoenicia p. 232, 36, VF, weight 8.378 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, c. 302 - 301 B.C.; obverse bearded Melqart riding hippocamp with curled wing to right, waves and dolphin below; reverse owl standing right, head facing, crook and flail behind, date (year 30) in right field; SOLD

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo
SH08919. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1495, BMC Phoenicia 11, toned aEF, Tyre mint, 103 - 109 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB GEPM DAK, laureate head right, eagle below, club in front; reverse DHMAPXEXYPATE, laureate bust of Melqart draped in lion-skin; SOLD

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Dora, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo Dora, on the coast eight miles north of Caesarea, was a Canaanite city. It fell to the Philistines early in the 12th century B.C. Solomon appointed the son of Abinadab as overseer of Dor (I Kings 4:11). In the Persian period Dor was a Sidonian colony. In Hellenistic times it was a Ptolemaic seaport and royal fortress, once besieged by Antiochus VII, (1 Macc. 15. 11-14). Under the Romans, Dora was a free city. See also Josh 11:2, 17:11; and Judg 1:27.
SH09078. Bronze AE 24, BMC Phoenicia 33; Meshorer Dora 34, aVF, weight 12.41 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Dora mint, 111 - 112 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, star under chin; reverse ∆Ω−P, turreted bust of Tyche right in wreath, POE below; beautiful green patina with attractive natural earthen highlighting; very rare; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 94 - 93 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH16832. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 241, 124, gVF, weight 14.217 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 94 - 93 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date ΓΛ (year 33) over club left, HAP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; nicely centered, attractive coin; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 94 - 93 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH21681. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 241, 124, aEF, weight 14.170 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 94 - 93 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date ΓΛ (year 33) over club left, HAP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 87 - 86 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH28937. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia, p. 242, 133 var (control symbols), nice VF, weight 13.968 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date L M (year 40) over club and palm frond left, ∆ right, Aramaic beth between legs; well centered and struck on nice metal; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 75 - 74 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple.

At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
SH49483. Silver half shekel, possibly unpublished date for half shekel, Rouvier - (cf. 2039, shekel), BMC Phoenicia -, SNG Cop -, et al., VF, weight 6.516 g, maximum diameter 21.65 mm, die axis 45o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, 75 - 74 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, BN (year 52) over club left, Z right, Aramaic letter between legs; very rare; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 76 - 75 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple.

At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
SH54403. Silver half shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 251, 230 var (A right on rev); Rouvier 2036, gVF, obv die wear, weight 6.906 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, 76 - 75 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, AN (year 51) over club left, monogram right, Phoenician letter beth between legs; rare variant; SOLD

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Lifetime or very early posthumous issue struck under Menes or Laomedon.
SH58038. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3332; Duyrat group IV, series 11, gVF, weight 17.050 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Arados mint, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg forward, eagle in extended right, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left, kerykeion left, A over P monogram under throne; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 94 - 93 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH21682. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 241, 120 ff., aEF, tight flan, weight 14.263 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 95 - 94 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date BΛ (year 32) over club left, HAP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD

Jerusalem (or Tyre), 49 - 50 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
SH13696. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia 210, RPC I 4674, gVF, weight 13.266 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, 49 - 50 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, POE (year 175) and club l., KP / EP r., Aramaic letter between legs; SOLD

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Lifetime or very early posthumous issue struck under Menes or Laomedon.
SH68679. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3332; Duyrat group IV, series 11, VF, high relief, nice style, toned, weight 17.071 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 225o, Phoenicia, Arados mint, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg forward, eagle in extended right, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left, kerykeion left, A over P monogram under throne; SOLD

Arados, Phoenicia, 63 - 62 B.C.
Click for a larger photo "The dated coins of this series span almost a century, from 137 to 45 B.C." - Greek Coins and Their Values by David Sear. Dates are written in Greek letters in the left field. Below the date is usually a Phoenician letter and below that usually two Greek letters. These letters may indicate magistrates.
SH19459. Silver tetradrachm, BMC Phoenicia, p 34, 279, aEF, weight 15.336 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 0o, Arados mint, 63 - 62 B.C.; obverse turreted and draped bust of Tyche right, dot border; reverse APA∆IΩN, Nike standing left, apluster in right, palm frond in left, date zqp (year 197) over Aramaic beth / EΣ left, all in laurel wreath; Ex-CNG 3/97 #691, attractive; rare; SOLD

Jerusalem (or Tyre), 34 - 35 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH06731. Silver half shekel, Prieur 1424, F, weight 6.73 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PΞ (year 160 = 34/35 A.D.) and club l., KP and XE monogram r., Aramaic letter between legs; SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 4 - 5 A.D., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Jesus.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH10967. Silver shekel, Prieur 1408, RPC I 4652, Hendin 919, BMC Phoenicia 197, EF, attractive style, weight 14.30 g, maximum diameter 24.91 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date PΛ (year 130=4/5 B.C.) over club on l, KP over EPH monogram on right, Phoenician beth between legs; previously graded and encapsulated by ICG as EF45, but now removed from the capsule (ICG slip with the grade will be included with the coin); SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 94 - 93 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH16829. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 241, 124, VF, weight 14.373 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 94 - 93 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date ΓΛ (year 33) over club left, HAP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; nicely centered, attractive coin, two small nicks on cheek; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 90 - 89 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple

At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
SH20261. Silver half shekel, SGCV II 5921 var (date and symbols), BMC - (not listed for this date), gVF, weight 7.091 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 45o, Tyre mint, 90 - 89 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date ZΛ (year 37) over club & palm l., monogram r., reversed Aramaic beth between legs; attractive style; SOLD

Jerusalem (or Tyre), 35 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SL62590. Silver half shekel, RPC I 4665, Prieur 1425, VF, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 35 - 36 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, PΞA (year 161) over club left, KP and monogram right, Aramaic letter between legs; PCGS certified "genuine" (slabbed); SOLD

"Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver,"
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH05328. Silver shekel, SGCV II 5918, gVF, weight 14.19 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date AΛ (year 31=96/95 B.C.) over club on l, monogram r., Phoenician beth between legs; SOLD

"Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver,"
Click for a larger photo Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.


The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH06721. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia 153, VF, weight 14.02 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, Tyre; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, ∆Ξ (year 64) and club left, monogram right, Phoenician beth between legs; nice example; SOLD

Tyre, Phoenicia, 76 - 75 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables
SH08326. Silver half shekel, BMC Phoenicia 230 var, SGCV II 5921 var, aEF, weight 6.93 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre, Phoenicia mint, 76 - 75 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, AN (year 51) over club left, ∆ right, Aramaic beth between legs; some shallow pitting, this coin was struck during the "revival" period, a short period when the style significantly improved, BM lists with A rather than ∆ right; SOLD



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REFERENCES

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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
van Alfen, P.G. "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05).<

Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 23, 2014.
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Ancient Coins of Phoenicia