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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ PamphyliaView Options:  |  |  | 

Pamphylia

Pamphylia, was a small region on the southern coast of Anatolia, extending about 120 km (75 miles) between Lycia and Cilicia, and north from the Mediterranean only about 50 km (30 miles) to mountainous Pisidia. The Pamphylians were a mixture of aboriginal inhabitants, immigrant Cilicians and Greeks who migrated there from Arcadia and Peloponnese in the 12th century B.C. The region first enters history in a treaty between the Hittite Great King Tudhaliya IV and his vassal, where the city "Parha" (Perge) is mentioned. Pamphylia was subdued by the Mermnad kings of Lydia and afterward passed in succession under the dominion of Persian and Hellenistic monarchs. After the defeat of Antiochus III in 190 B.C. they were annexed by the Romans to the dominions of Eumenes of Pergamum; but somewhat later they joined with the Pisidians and Cilicians in piracy, and Side became the chief center and slave mart of these freebooters. Pamphylia was for a short time included in the dominions of Amyntas, king of Galatia, but after his death was absorbed into a Roman province. The Pamphylians became largely Hellenized in Roman times, and have left magnificent memorials of their civilization at Perga, Aspendos, and Side.


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 490 - 450 B.C.

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Aspendos is about 40 km east of Antalya, Turkey about 16 km inland on the Eurymedon River. In 546 B.C. it fell to Persia. After a Persian defeat in 467, the city joined the Attic-Delos Maritime League. Persia took it again in 411 B.C., Alexander in 333 B.C., and Rome in 190 B.C. Although often subject to powerful empires, the city usually retained substantial autonomy.
GA84056. Silver obol, Rosen 392, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, SNG Kayhan -, BMC Lycia -, Klein -, VF, well centered, etched surfaces, obverse die crack, weight 0.626 g, maximum diameter 8.3 mm, Aspendos mint, c. 490 - 450 B.C.; obverse triskeles right, three pellets, one between each leg, reverse quadripartite incuse; extremely rare; $240.00 (€204.00)
 


Hierapolis, Phrygia, in Homonoia with Ephesos, 244 - 249 A.D.

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The reverse legend arrangement is bizarre and all the Ω's are upside down, appearing as U. Franke-Nolle lists two specimens from these odd dies. All the other examples referenced are the normal type.
RP77246. Bronze AE 23, cf. Franke-Nolle, type IV, 730 (Rs. B/Vs 32); cf. BMC Phrygia p. 261, 179; SNGvA 3662; SNG Cop 474; SNG Munchen 253; SNG Tubingen 4055, VF, well centered, corrosion, weight 5.838 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, Hierapolis (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, time of Philip I, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse ΛAIP-BHNOC, radiate and draped bust of Apollo Lairbenos right; reverse IEPAΠOΛEI/TUN K EΦECIUN NEOK/OPUN, clasped hands, OMO-NOVA in the lower field; extremely rare variant; $160.00 (€136.00)
 


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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After Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king. Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own envoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4,000 horses annually.
GB79600. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 264 var. (star and crescent), SNGvA 4583 var. (crescent vice star); SNG BnF 148 var. (no star), BMC Lycia p. 103, 74 (same), aVF, green patina, weight 3.565 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aspendos mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse free horse galloping right, star above; reverse slinger standing right, throwing bullet, A − Σ flanking across center; ex Gerhard Rohde Ancient Coins; very rare; $110.00 (€93.50)
 


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia

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Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.
RP83671. Bronze AE 24, BMC Lycia p. 127, 41; SNG BnF 462 (plate numbered 642 in error); SNGvA 4685; SNG Cop -, VF, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, green patina with highlighting buff earthen deposits, weight 9.73 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Perga mint, 218-222 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AV ANTWNINOC CEB, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΠEPΓ-AIΩN, a simulacrum of Artemis Pergaia, crescent above left, star above right, phoenix on cippus flanking on each side, all within distyle temple, eagle in pediment; $110.00 (€93.50)
 


Perge, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.Ruins of the main street in Perga
GB84102. Bronze AE 18, SNG BnF 373 ff.; SNG Cop 308; BMC Lycia p. 121, 12, VF, earthen deposits, porous, tight flan, weight 4.142 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Perge mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse simulacrum of Pergaean Artemis within distyle temple, eagle on pediment; reverse quiver with bow tied behind, APTEMI∆OΣ upward on left, ΠEPΓAIAΣ upward on right; $90.00 (€76.50)
 


Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
GB90296. Bronze AE 18, BMC Lycia p. 151, 70 (with same Helios countermark); SNG Cop 411 (same); SNG BnF 750 ff.; SNG PfPs 501; Lindgren -, VF, unusually broad flan with full legends, nice green patina, reverse flattened by countermarking, weight 2.667 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, in crested Corinthian helmet; countermarks: facing head of Helios, helmeted head of Athena right, ΣI∆HTΩN horizontal above; reverse Nike advancing left, holding wreath; wearing long chiton, peplos around waist and left arm, pomegranate in left field, ΣI∆H−TΩN horizontal above divided by Nike's head; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia

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Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.Ruins of the main street in Perga

RP84161. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3373 (5 spec.), McClean 8902, BMC Lycia -, SNGvA -, aF, flan crack, rough, weight 4.647 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Perge mint, as caesar under Claudius, 50 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; obverse NEPWN KAICAP, bare head right; reverse APTEMI∆OC ΠEPΓAIAC, Artemis running right, torch in left, bow in right; very rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia

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Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.
RP72630. Bronze AE 23, cf. SNG BnF 522; SNG Cop 349; SNGvA 4707; BMC Lydia p. 133, 65; SNG PfPS 397 (slight legend variations), F, weight 6.122 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Perga mint, as caesar, Feb 244 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse AY K M IOY CEOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC C[E?], laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind, globe below bust; reverse ΠEPΓAIΩN, Tyche standing left, wearing kalathos, chiton and peplos, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; scarce; $40.00 (€34.00)
 







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Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Greek Coins from Pamphylia