Kyzikos, , c. 500 - 450 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. It was said to have been founded by Pelasgians from , according to tradition at the coming of the Argonauts; later, allegedly in 756 B.C., it received many from Miletus. Owing to its advantageous position it speedily acquired commercial importance, and the gold staters of Cyzicus were a staple currency in the ancient world till they were superseded by those of Philip of Macedon. The site of Cyzicus, located on the Erdek and Bandirma roads, is protected by Turkey's Ministry of Culture.
SH84459. hekte, 241; 1180; p. 32, 98; 102; 482; pl. XCII 2460; -, gVF, and struck on a , 2.628 g, maximum 10.8 mm, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; forepart of a winged deer left, tunny fish diagonal with down behind; quadripartite square; ; $2020.00 (€1797.80)
, Attalos I 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos
Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of , made a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with against Philip V of Macedon.SH70868. Silver , Group VIB; BnF 1626; p. 117, 45; 7685, VF/F, excellent portrait, uneven , 16.753 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 235 - 210 B.C.; Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed right; enthroned left, crowning dynastic name ΦIΛETAIPOY to left, holding spear and resting left arm on , XAP inner left, bow on right; very with this ; $430.00 (€382.70)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
Although the primary references do not specify the arrangement of the , most specimens of this issue have the have the royal title on the right and Lysimachos' name in the . This variant with the title in the and his name right is very and was first described in the referenced article by Nicholas A. , published in in June 1996.GS84487. Silver , , N. "An unpublished of Lysimachus" in 10.6 (June 1996), figs. 1-2; L12; 36; 25; -, gVF, lightly , minor marks, small flaw on edge, some minor edge flaking, 4.141 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 135o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 299 - 296 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, left above forepart left (control ) on left, torch (control symbol) below throne; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG e-auction 296 (13 Feb 2013), lot 25; $380.00 (€338.20)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; $330.00 (€293.70)
, , c. 92 - 88 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of may also have held a , perhaps associated with the missing phallus of .
The is the staff carried by and his associates; topped by a pine or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.GS76187. Silver , 33; 108; 1737; 431; 7477; p. 125, 109, gVF, a little off center, uneven , , 12.680 g, maximum 27.8 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 92 - 88 B.C.; Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case holding strung bow and ornamented with an , flanked on each side by a snake with erect, EY over Prytaneis above, to left, snake entwined to right; $200.00 (€178.00)
, , c. 133 - 27 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of may also have held a , perhaps associated with the missing phallus of .GB84965. Bronze AE 17, p. 129, 160; 1371; 1813; -, VF, tight thick , scratches, 8.662 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 27 B.C.; laureate of Asklepios right; AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around , owl standing on the snake's back; $200.00 (€178.00)
, , 3rd - 1st Century B.C.
Unpublished in the references examined and the only example of the known to .
(Karabiga, Turkey today) is located on the Mysian coast, on a small east-facing bay at the mouth of the River, about a third of the distance from ancient to Cyzicus. Strabo mentions that the produced wine and that the god Priapus gave the town its ancient name. Thucydides mentions the town as a naval station. In 334 B.C., the town surrendered to Alexander the Great without contest, prior to the Battle of Granicus. Deities worshiped there included Demeter, , , and Dionysus. Under the Eastern Roman Empire, the town was known as Pegae and was the site of a fortress.GB83634. Bronze AE 13, cf. p. 177, 14 (AE20, full 2 lines, ); 2500 (same); 2410 (similar); -; -; -, VF, green , corrosion, 2.400 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 0o, (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd - 1st century B.C.; of Demeter right, veiled and wreathed with grain; ΠPIA within grain ; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was ("desire"). According to Hesiod (c. 700 B.C.), one of the most ancient of all Greek sources, was the fourth god to come into existence, coming after Chaos, Gaia (the Earth), and Tartarus (the Abyss or the Underworld). Parmenides (c. 400 B.C.), one of the pre-Socratic philosophers, makes the first of all the gods to come into existence. In early Greek poetry and art, was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power. But in later sources, is represented as the son of Aphrodite, whose mischievous interventions in the affairs of gods and mortals cause bonds of love to form, often illicitly. Ultimately, by the later satirical poets, he is represented as a child, the precursor to the chubby Renaissance .GB84659. Bronze AE 21, CNG e-auction 380, lot 417 (same dies); -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, F, , small , 6.202 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 45o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; L SEP SEV ALEXANDER (many letters blundered or retrograde), laureate and right, from the front; DEO CVPIDI-NI C G I H PAR (D and H blundered, god , Gemella Hadriana Pariana), standing slightly left, right, nude but for drapery over left arm, herm at feet on left; missing from the many references examined by , but several examples are known from auctions; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Kyzikos,
The Julio-Claudian princes depicted on this are uncertain. References most often identify them as and caesars, but and have also been suggested, and there are other possibilities. The features of both on this coin resemble , which doesn't .RP77421. Bronze AE 15, 2246 (7 spec.), 1188, -, -, -, gF, nice green , old scratches, light corrosion, 2.040 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 0o, Kyzikos (Erdek, Turkey) mint, c. 4 B.C. - 2 A.D.; bare headed male right; KYZI, bare headed male right; very ; $175.00 (€155.75)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., ,
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion was a major coastal city, near Lampsacus, with two harbors used to connect with Anatolia. belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of , and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a in the province of . It was the main customs station through which all goods bound for from and the Aegean had to pass. When this coin was minted, was within the Conventus of Adramyteum. After was divided in the 4th century, was in the province of Hellespontus. Today it is the village of Kemer in the township of , Canakkale province, Turkey.RP84683. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online 3152 (4 spec.); 1944.100.43132; p. 105, 103 var. (no globe); -; -; -; -, F, , attractive brassy surfaces, marks, small edge crack, , 9.952 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 178 - 180, probably 180; IMP CAI Λ AV - COMODVS, laureate, draped and right, with a short beard, from behind; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between hooves, on back, C G I H PAR ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; very ; $170.00 (€151.30)
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