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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia| ▸ |Colophon||View Options:  |  |  |   

Colophon, Ionia

Kolophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C. Kolophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power, Miletus. After the death of Alexander the Great, Perdiccas expelled the Athenian settlers on Samos to Kolophon, including the family of Epicurus, who joined them there after completing his military service. Antigonus controlled Kolophon until general Prepelaus sized the area for Lysimachus in 302 B.C. Lysimachus destroyed Kolophon (and Lebedos) and forced the survivors to emigrate to Ephesos. After his death in 281, Kolophon was reestablished, but it never fully recovered and the name was eventually transferred to the port village of Notium. Kolophon was one of several cities that claimed to be the birthplace of the poet Homer.

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Antigonus| |I| |Monophthalmus,| |323| |-| |301| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great|, |drachm|
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (strategos of Asia, 320 - 306/5 B.C., king, 306/5 - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
GS58976. Silver drachm, Price 1797, Mller Alexander 1322, SNG Cop 931, SNG Munchen 517, SNG Alpha Bank 611, Prokesch-Osten I 326, Thompson-Bellinger Colophon 12, EF, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long lotus topped scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, N left; SOLD


Kolophon, Ionia, Late 5th Century B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |Late| |5th| |Century| |B.C.|, |drachm|
The term "colophony" for rosin comes from the term colophonia resina, that is, resin from the pine trees of Colophon, which was highly valued for the strings of musical instruments.
GS57816. Silver drachm, De Luynes 2590 (same dies), Milne Kolophon, period II, group F, 45 (refs De Luynes); cf. SNG Cop 136; SNGvA 2003; BMC Ionia p. 36, 3, VF, toned, weight 4.969 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 45o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Apollo left wearing taenia, hair short and curly; reverse KOΛO−Φ−ΩNION, Kithara, within incuse square; struck with a worn obverse die, scratches; SOLD


Kolophon, Ionia, Late 5th Century B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |Late| |5th| |Century| |B.C.|, |drachm| |(Persic)|
The BMC coin is described as "style transitional" but no plate is available for comparison. The style does not match the other referenced examples. We believe this coin is actually one of the later examples of the type but struck with an interesting archaized portrait. The portrait was engraved in an intentionally archaic style.
GA81792. Silver drachm (Persic), cf. SNG Kayhan 363 ff.; SNG Cop 139; SNGvA 2003 f.; and BMC Ionia p. 36, 3, VF, weight 5.336 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 300 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left; reverse KOΛO[Φ]−ΩNION, Kithara; slightly grainy; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Struck in the Name of Alexander the Great

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Lysimachos,| |305| |-| |281| |B.C.,| |Struck| |in| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great|, |drachm|
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
SH13510. Silver drachm, Price 1836a, Mller Alexander 343, gVF, weight 4.330 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, posthumous, 301 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Atophoros seated left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand, right leg drawn back, lion-head over Φ in left field, pentagram under throne; scarce; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |Arrhidaeus| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.|, |drachm|
Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
SH95391. Silver drachm, Price P48, Mller P137, gem EF, lustrous, flow lines, centered on a tight flan, weight 3.987 g, maximum diameter 16.34 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse Zeus Atophoros enthroned left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, (ΠA monogram) left, ΦIΛIΠΠOY downward on right, B under throne; ex Forum (2006); SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.|, |drachm|
SH13355. Silver drachm, Price 1756, Mller Alexander 208, nice EF, weight 4.287 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, posthumous, 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Atophoros seated left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand, spear-head outer right, caduceus under throne; lustrous, good centering and strike; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
SH06574. Silver tetradrachm, similar to Price 1865, aVF, weight 16.95 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, posthumous, c. 200 - c. 190 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Atophoros enthroned left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, A P monogram left; there are probably monograms above and or below the lyre and under the throne but they are obscure preventing attribution to a specific Price catalog number, double struck; SOLD


Kolophon, Ionia, 190 - 30 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |190| |-| || |30| |B.C.|, |half| |obol|
Apollo's most important attribute is the tripod lebes, a cauldron in a three-legged stand used for religious rituals. The tripod lebes is symbolic of his prophetic powers. At his temple at Delphi, his priestess sat on his tripod chewing laurel leaves and inhaling hallucinating vapors from a fissure in the floor. After she mumbled her prophesy, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.
GB91175. Bronze half obol, Milne Kolophon 175 (6 spec.); Imhoof MG p. 285, 38; Waddington 1501; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Mn -; SNG Tb -; BMC Ionia -, gVF, beautiful facing head, nice dark green patina, reverse off center, light earthen deposits, weight 5.185 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, Demetrios, magistrate, 190 - 30 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing slightly left; reverse tripod lebes, ∆HMHTPIOΣ (magistrate) upward on left, KOΛOΦΩNIΩN (ethnic) upward on right; very rare; SOLD


Kolophon, Ionia, c. 190 - 30 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |c.| |190| |-| |30| |B.C.|, |AE| |19|
Homer is a legendary ancient Greek epic poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
GB83485. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 186; SNGvA 2017; SNG Munchen 557; Milne Colophon 179; BMC Ionia p. 41, 43, VF, centered on a tight flan, weight 6.047 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, magistrate Pytheos, c. 50 B.C.; obverse Homer seated left in himation, right hand raised to chin (the thinker pose!), scroll in his left hand resting on his knees, ΠYΘEOΣ (magistrate) downward on left; reverse Apollo standing right, phiale in right hand, kithara in left hand, KOΛOΦΩNIΩN downward on left; SOLD


Kolophon, Ionia, c. 490 - 400 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |c.| |490| |-| |400| |B.C.|, |drachm|
The kithara (cithara) was an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the lyre. The lyre was a simpler folk-instrument with two strings and tortoise shell body. The kithara had seven strings and a flat back. The kithara is a symbol of Apollo and he is credited with inventing it. Its true origins were likely Asiatic.. The kithara was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the word kithara has come to mean "guitar."
GS86610. Silver drachm, SNG Cop 135 (same dies), Milne Colophon 13b, SNGvA -, SNG Mn -, VF, centered on an irregularly shaped flan, toned, etched surfaces, die break on reverse , weight 5.341 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 270o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 490 - 400 B.C.; obverse KOΛOΦΩN (retrograde, counterclockwise), laureate head of Artemis right, wearing earring and necklace, hair in a queue looped up and bound to wreath; reverse Kithara, in an incuse square; ex Savoca Numismatik, auction 1 (9 Apr 2015), lot 189; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Ionia. (London, 1892).
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Kim, H.S. & J.H. Kroll. "A Hoard of Archaic Coin of Colophon and Unminted Silver (CH I.3)" in AJN 20 (2008).
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Waggoner, N.M. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).

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