Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios was an uncle of Antiochos III. He proclaimed himself in Anatolia. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, , he was captured and beheaded.GY76100. Bronze AE 15, I 956 var. (unlisted control symbol), 834 var. (same), 1442 var. (same), 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green , 3.314 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn or winter 214 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right, right, wings closed, in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AXAIOY in two flanking downward lines, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely variant; $430.00 (€382.70)
Maionia, , 161 - 180 A.D.
was queen of the kingdom of , the wife of , the oak-clad mountain of . After he was gored to death by a bull, she continued to reign on her own.
bought Herakles from , who sold him after an oracle declared must be sold into slavery for three years. had sought the oracle to learn what he must do to purify himself, after he murdered his friend Iphitus and stole the Delphic tripod. As a slave, Herakles was forced to do women's and even wear women's clothing and hold a basket of wool while and her maidens did their spinning. Meanwhile, wore the skin of the and carried Herakles' olive-wood club. But it was also during his stay in that Herakles captured the city of the Itones and enslaved them, killed Syleus who forced passersby to hoe his vineyard, and captured the Cercopes. He buried the body of Icarus and took in the Calydonian and the Argonautica. After some time, freed Herakles and took him as her husband.
The Greeks did not recognize as a goddess. Omphale's name, connected with , a Greek word meaning navel (or ), may, however, represent a Lydian earth goddess. Herakles' servitude and marriage may represent the servitude of the sun to the of the celestial sphere, the spinners being Lydian versions of the Moirae. This myth may have been and attempt to explain why the priests of Herakles wore female clothing.GB83463. Bronze AE 19, 222; 3011; 302; p. 129, 17, VF, , , light marks and corrosion, 4.380 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Maeonia mint, rule of , 161 - 180 A.D.; bearded of Herakles left; MAIONΩN, advancing right, holding lion's skin and club across shoulder; $350.00 (€311.50)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .GB71560. Bronze AE 16, cf. I 525.1; 1407 ff.; 95; 362; p. 15, 13; 253a (all various controls outer left), EF, nice jade green , typical , contact marks, slightest spots of corrosion, 3.767 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; laureate of right, hair falling in spiral curls down neck and beneath ear; with paw feet, with flukes right below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, outer left and outer right (controls, outer left off ); $170.00 (€151.30)
Tripolis, , 3rd Century A.D.
Tripolis on the Meander (called at other times , Apollonia, and Antoninopolis) was an ancient city on the borders of , and , on the northern bank of the upper course of the Maeander, and on the road leading from Sardes by to ad Lycum. It was 20 km to the northwest of . Ruins are near Yenicekent, Denizli Province, Turkey. The ruins, mostly from the Roman and periods, include a theater, , city walls, and a necropolis. An ancient , dating back 1,500 years, was unearthed in 2013.RP79979. Bronze AE 19, 724; 3314; 19; pseudo-autonomous issue, VF, excellent centering, nice green , 4.170 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, 3rd Century A.D.; of right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet and ; TPIPOLEITWN, standing slightly left, on left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, in left hand; $145.00 (€129.05)
Persian Empire, Artaxerxes II - Darius III, c. 375 - 340 B.C., , Anatolia
GS79827. Silver 1/4 , IV (late) C; 764; 1041; 37; cf. 679; (early - middle, A/B); p. 167, 143 (middle B), VF, on , 1.206 g, maximum 7.9 mm, 60o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 375 - 340 B.C.; kneeling-running figure of the Great right, dagger in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, quiver on shoulder; square punch; very ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Artaxerxes I - Artaxerxes II, c. 450 - 375 B.C.
GA30000. Silver , IIIb (late), pl. XIV, 36 ff.; 1029; 671 - 672; 4682; 761; p. 69 and pl. 18, 79 ff., VF, banker's marks, 5.284 g, maximum 14.6 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 375 B.C.; kneeling-running figure of the Great right, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand, bearded, crowned, stylistic drapery with broad semi-circular sweep of folds; banker's mark; irregular rectangular punch; $125.00 (€111.25)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Xerxes I - Darius II, c. 485 - 420 B.C.
After the destruction of the Kingdom of Judah, the Jews were taken into the seventy-year Babylonian captivity. When ancient took control of Babylon, Haman, the royal vizier, convinced Ahasuerus to destroy all the Jews. Esther, Ahasuerus' queen and, unknown to him, a Jew, interceded on behalf of her people. By law the could not rescind the order to slaughter the Jews, so he issued a second decree that permitted the Jews to defend themselves with armed force. The replaced Haman with Mordecai, a palace official, cousin and foster parent of Esther. The Jews defeated Haman, killing his ten sons that were leading the attacks, and then hanged Haman. The day after the battle was designated as a day of feasting and rejoicing. Scholars identify Ahasuerus as the historical Xerxes I, 485 - 465 B.C. Xerxes is the Greek version of his name but the Babylonians knew him as Khshayarsha. The Hebrew name Ahasuerus, appears to be derived from Khshayarsha, with the letter A added at the beginning.
GA29997. Silver , IIIb (early), pl. XII, 16 ff.; 673; 4682; pl. 7, 155 ff.; p. 67 and pl. 17, 1 ff., gF, with almost all detail present, porous, edge cracks, 5.241 g, maximum 14.7 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 485 - 420 BC.; Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand, bearded, crowned; irregular oblong punch; $120.00 (€106.80)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Thyatira,
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle"). In Revelation, Thyatira is the that had a false prophetess (Revelation 2:20).RP84078. AE 17, 2382; p. 302, 62; 597; 834; -, aVF, nice green , light corrosion, a little off center, 2.341 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 0o, Thyatira mint, c. 55 A.D.; NEPΩN KΛAY∆I-OC CEBA, bare-headed, draped of right, wearing light beard (indicating mourning, for the death of ); (double-axe), ΘYAT−EIPH/NΩ−N in two two lines across divided by axe ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Sala, , c. 2nd Century A.D.
was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His include the and winged sandals.RP77505. Bronze AE 17, 455; p. 229, 15; 416, VF, , nice green , areas of corrosion, earthen deposits, 2.643 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 0o, Sala mint, c. 2nd century A.D.; ∆HMOC CAΛHNΩN, laureate and draped bearded of Demos; EΠI AN∆PONEICOY, standing slightly left, nude, draped over left arm, purse in right hand, in left hand; ex Divus Numismatik; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
Tralleis, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The city of , or Tralleis, said to have been founded by Argives and Thracians (Tralli), stood upon a lofty plateau on one of the southern spurs of the Messogis range overlooking the plain of the lower Maeander. At , Zeus was called Larasios, from a sanctuary at the neighboring village of Larasa. Zeus Eumenes (the Kindly) may have had a separate sanctuary.GB90181. Bronze AE 17, 3869; 709; p. 336, 61 var. (no ); 4759 var. (same); -; -, F, 4.359 g, maximum 16.6 mm, 0o, mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; Zeus standing left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left, all within laurel ; humped bull walking right, TPAΛΛI/ANON above and below in two lines, above; ex Rudnik Numismatics; ; $85.00 (€75.65)
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