, I Monophthalmus, 320 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck by I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed") as of (320 - 306 B.C.) or as (306 - 301 B.C.). Antigonos I was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.GS75260. Silver , cf. 1789 ff., 1603 ff., 917 f., 513 ff. (all with various under throne), VF, nice , on a , light marks and scratches, small areas of encrustation, 4.235 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, around waist and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, SW left, uncertain symbol under throne(?); $155.00 (€137.95)
Eion, , c. 500 - 437 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The is variously described as a or . The significance of the is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GA77599. Silver , 280 - 283, 180 , 29, 151, p. 75, 21, aVF, , light , edge split, porous, 0.661 g, maximum 11.5 mm, Eion mint, c. 500 - 437 B.C.; goose standing right, looking back, lizard above; quadripartite square; $155.00 (€137.95)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., ,
The god is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of are a and hammer.RP59998. Bronze AE 25, 4709, p. 127, 133, -, VF, light scratches, 8.831 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, AYK K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC, laureate, draped, and right; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA, standing left, small in right, laurel branch in left, at his feet, urn containing a branch rests on a table; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
and , 2nd Triumvirate, , , 37 B.C.
The abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The of on the "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to in 42 BC after the battle of (the which is celebrated on the )." -- , p. 29
In 37 B.C., loaned Antony the money for the army. After a five-month siege, the Romans took Jerusalem from the . Herod the Great made by Anthony, took control of his capital. was taken to Antioch where Antony had him executed. Thousands of Jews were slaughtered by the Roman troops supporting Herod.SH63716. Bronze AE 31, p. 115, 63; 1551; 672; 374; 823, F, green , scratches, rough areas, 18.710 g, maximum 31.0 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 37 B.C.; ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, advancing left, extending in right, frond in left; $150.00 (€133.50)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.GS75247. Silver , 1995, 788, 999, Magnesia 27, 568, -, VF, , , struck with a worn die, porous, 3.968 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, AN over E in left , AY under throne; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RP79950. Bronze AE 27, p. 246, 5 (V6/-, unlisted die); 422; 4471 (R3); p. 123, 109; 873 var. ( from behind), VF, and struck, nice green , small edge split, , light marks, 11.341 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AV K M AV CEV AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and right, from the front; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, advancing left, in extended right hand, frond in left hand; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Amphipolis,
(Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was ) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of , wearing a (a crown like the walls of the city).RP79963. Bronze AE 22, 3298; 118; p. 59, 133; 205 ( leg.); 88 var. ( wears , holds ), VF, , nice green , 5.546 g, maximum 21.6 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AV K M AVP CEV AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped and right, from behind; AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, turreted city goddess enthroned left, in extended right hand, fish left in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D., ,
The god is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of are a and hammer.RP83454. Bronze AE 24, 875 ( leg.); 4500 (R4) var. ( leg.); SNG Comp 425 var. (same); p. 123, 112 var. (same), VF, fantastic portrait, centered on a , flatly struck centers, light marks, centration dimple on , 12.268 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 20 Mar 235 - Late May 238 A.D.; AVT K Γ IOVΛ OVHP MAΞIMINOC, laureate, draped and right; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, flying left, she hold standing left holding and hammer in her right hand, frond in her left hand; variety; $150.00 (€133.50)
, , 41 - 68 A.D.
This coin has traditionally been attributed to , but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from to ; probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of .RP83476. Bronze AE 23, 1651, 3229, 32, 305, 14, 23, VF, centered on a , grainy green , small edge cracks, 4.619 g, maximum 22.6 mm, 0o, mint, 41 - 68 A.D.; VIC - AVG, standing left on base, raising in right hand, frond in left hand over left shoulder; COHOR PRAE PHIL, three standards; $150.00 (€133.50)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was on the Via , the principal Roman road crossing the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century, the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and , dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the of Amphipolis).RP83483. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online 7653 (5 spec.), 109, 1186, 3244 (R4) var. ( leg.), p. 57, 116 var. (same), aVF, , bumps, areas of light corrosion, flaw (pit) center, 8.624 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 188 - 190 A.D.; AVTOK M AVP KOMM ANTΩNEINON, laureate right; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, seated left on high-backed throne, wearing crown of city walls, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, left elbow on back of throne; $150.00 (€133.50)
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