Eion, , c. 500 - 437 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The is variously described as a or . The significance of the is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GA77599. Silver , 280 - 283, 180 , 29, 151, p. 75, 21, aVF, , light , edge split, porous, 0.661 g, maximum 11.5 mm, Eion mint, c. 500 - 437 B.C.; goose standing right, looking back, lizard above; quadripartite square; $155.00 (€137.95)
, , 88 - 31 B.C.
Cassander of founded in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made the capital of the Roman province of 168 B.C.GB79940. Bronze AE 26, 19, pl. 23, 9; 804; 369; p. 112, 35, F, green , 11.809 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 88 - 31 B.C.; laureate of , I above; two Centaurs prancing, back to back, each with cloak flying behind and holding a branch, ΘEΣΣAΛO/NIKHΣ in two lines in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RP79950. Bronze AE 27, p. 246, 5 (V6/-, unlisted die); 422; 4471 (R3); p. 123, 109; 873 var. ( from behind), VF, and struck, nice green , small edge split, , light marks, 11.341 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AV K M AV CEV AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and right, from the front; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, advancing left, in extended right hand, frond in left hand; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Amphipolis,
(Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was ) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of , wearing a (a crown like the walls of the city).RP79963. Bronze AE 22, 3298; 118; p. 59, 133; 205 ( leg.); 88 var. ( wears , holds ), VF, , nice green , 5.546 g, maximum 21.6 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AV K M AVP CEV AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, turreted city goddess enthroned left, in extended right hand, fish left in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Amphipolis,
Excavations of Roman Amphipolis have revealed traces of all the impressive one would expect from a thriving Roman city. A bridge, gymnasium, public and private monuments, sanctuaries, and cemeteries all attest to the city's prosperity. From the early Christian period (after 500 CE) there are traces of four basilicas, a large rectangular building which may have been a bishop's residence, and a . -- Ancient History EncyclopediaRP84023. Bronze AE 23, p. 58, 126 (same die); 3268 (R4) var. ( ); 6106; -, aVF, attractive portrait, dark , porous, , 8.283 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; Λ CEΠT CE-OYHPOC ΠEP A-YΓ (YHP ), laureate and draped right; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, of Amphipolis seated left on a throne, wearing , veil, long and mantle, in extended right hand, below seat; $150.00 (€133.50)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was on the Via , the principal Roman road crossing the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century, the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and , dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the of Amphipolis).RP83483. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online 7653 (5 spec.), 109, 1186, 3244 (R4) var. ( leg.), p. 57, 116 var. (same), aVF, , bumps, areas of light corrosion, flaw (pit) center, 8.624 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 188 - 190 A.D.; AVTOK M AVP KOMM ANTΩNEINON, laureate right; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, seated left on high-backed throne, wearing crown of city walls, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, left elbow on back of throne; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., ,
The god is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of are a and hammer.RP83493. Bronze AE 26, p. 262, 25 (V2/R20), 4545 (R3), 714, 426, 1348, p. 124, 116, aVF, excellent portrait, green , large centration dimple on , bumps and marks, some light corrosion, 9.207 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; AV K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, advancing left, holding hammer in her right hand, frond in her left hand; $150.00 (€133.50)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Amphipolis,
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess , variously interpreted as worshiped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of held at Athens. - RP83505. Bronze AE 18, 3225 (R4); / 2 p. 42, 83; 775; 107; 191; p. 57, 112; 1720, VF, and struck, green , , light corrosion, 3.014 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 90o, Amphipolis mint, 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D.; FAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped right, hair in a braided bun at the back; AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, riding aside facing on bull galloping right, bow in left hand extended before her, drawing arrow from quiver at shoulder with right hand; $150.00 (€133.50)
I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D., ,
was founded in 399 B.C. by Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to . Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."RP83513. Bronze AE 26, 36, 3742 (R4) var. ( also draped), / 2 p. 99, 34 var. (same); 658 var. (same); -, aVF, excellent portrait, areas not fully struck, holed, slightly off center on a , centration dimple on , 8.921 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 20 Mar 235 - Late May 238 A.D.; IMP C C IVL VER MAXIMINVS, laureate and right, from the front; COL IVL AVG , seated left, putting her right hand to her mouth; $150.00 (€133.50)
and , 2nd Triumvirate, , , 37 B.C.
The abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The of on the "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to in 42 BC after the battle of (the which is celebrated on the )." -- , p. 29
In 37 B.C., loaned Antony the money for the army. After a five-month siege, the Romans took Jerusalem from the . Herod the Great made by Anthony, took control of his capital. was taken to Antioch where Antony had him executed. Thousands of Jews were slaughtered by the Roman troops supporting Herod.RP83539. Bronze AE 29, p. 115, 63; 1551/20-26; 672; 374; 823, aF, green on yellow brass, edge splits corrosion, 23.685 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 0o, (Salonika, ) mint, 37 B.C.; ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, advancing left, extending in right hand, frond in left; $145.00 (€129.05)
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