, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
became Augustus' stepson when the emperor married Livia in 38 B.C. forced to divorce the wife he loved and marry his daughter . hated his new wife and escaped her by going into exile at Rhodes in 6 B.C. After the deaths of the other possible successors, he was recalled in 2 A.D. and groomed to succeed , which he did on 19 August 14.RP70927. Bronze AE 21,
Skione, , c. 400 - 350 B.C.
Skione, in Pallene, on the southern coast of the westernmost headland of Chalcidice, east of the modern town of Nea Skioni, was founded c. 700 B.C. by settlers from Achaea. The Scionaeans claimed their ancestors settled there after their ships were blown to the site by the storm that caught the Achaeans on their return from Troy. In early 423 B.C., encouraged by promises of support from the Spartan general Brasidas, Skione revolted against Athens. In summer 421, after a long siege, the Athenians took the city, put the adult males to death, enslaved the women and children, and gave the land to Plataea, an ally of Athens. By Roman imperial times, Skione had nearly disappeared.GB67654. Bronze AE 19,
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., of
The Macedonian (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.RP70929. Bronze AE 26,
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Amphipolis,
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess , variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of held at Athens. - RP74291. Bronze AE 22,
, , c. 450 - 400 B.C.
, a small Greek settlement in Bisaltia, was destroyed either by Thracians or during the great invasion and abandoned in the 3rd century B.C.GB75671. Bronze AE 16,
Amphipolis, , c. 187 - 168 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus won the decisive Battle of Pydna. Perseus of was made prisoner and the Third Macedonian War ended. Paullus executed 500 Macedonians, exiled many more to Italy and confiscated their belongings in the name of Rome, but according to Plutarch, keeping too much to himself. On the return to Rome in 167 BC, his legions were displeased with their share of the plunder. To keep them happy, Paullus stopped in , a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with ; 70 towns were sacked, 150,000 people enslaved and the region was left to bankruptcy. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder collected in and , he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured of himself. The senate awarded him the Macedonicus.BB90124. Bronze AE 19,
, , 187 - 31 B.C.
Apollo's most famous attribute is the tripod, symbolic of his prophetic powers. At his temple at , his priestess sat on a tripod chewing laurel leaves and inhaling hallucinating vapors from a fissure in the floor. After she mumbled her answer, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.GB73019. Bronze AE 13,
, Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C.
Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. Philip was attractive and charismatic as a young man. A dashing and courageous warrior, he was inevitably compared to Alexander the Great and was nicknamed the darling of all . --
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GB72629. Bronze AE 21, cf.
Mende, , 460 - 423 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. In Disney's classic film Fantasia, Dionysus rides a drunken donkey named Jacchus. Mende probably did not strike any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GA73132. Silver
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., , , Livia
depicted his mother Livia on most of his coins, perhaps in gratitude for her scheming that removed potential rivals to the throne, until had no but to name him as heir.RP73136. Bronze AE 23,
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