, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was founded in 399 B.C. by Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."RB79934. Bronze AE 24, 3735 (R4), 33, 6479, -, F, portrait, attractive green , , 11.112 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 0o, mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; IMP C SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped, and right; COL IVL AVG , city-goddess seated left, on , right hand raised to shoulder; $180.00 (€160.20)
, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C.
Perseus of was the last of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in created after the death of Alexander the Great. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., came under Roman rule.
The hero Perseus, the legendary founder of and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths in the cult of the Twelve . Perseus was the hero who killed and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster. GB83486. Bronze AE 19, cf. 1142, 1275, 628, -, VF, green , 5.227 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, or Amphipolis mint, c. 179 - 168 B.C.; of hero Perseus right, wearing winged helmet peaked with , right; standing facing on thunderbolt, wings open, right, B − A flanking above wings, Π-E flanking across lower outside wings, in ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Eion, , c. 500 - 437 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The is variously described as a or . The significance of the is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GA77599. Silver , 280 - 283, 180 , 29, 151, p. 75, 21, aVF, , light , edge split, porous, 0.661 g, maximum 11.5 mm, Eion mint, c. 500 - 437 B.C.; goose standing right, looking back, lizard above; quadripartite square; $175.00 (€155.75)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck by (Cleitus the White), of , 321 - 318 B.C., under Perdiccas as regent for Philip III, Alexander's brother, and the infant Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. Sardes also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but the Alexander named on this coin was more likely the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV.GS77132. Silver , 2600; Series XIII, 191 ff.; 634; -; -; -, VF, attractive , , porous, 4.063 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 321 - 320 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward, feet on footstool, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, EYE left, torch under throne; $170.00 (€151.30)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
With the arrival of Alexander the Great, Teos gained its freedom from Persian rule. In 319 B.C., it came under the rule of the of , I Monophthalmos (the one-eyed). declared himself in 306. In 302 B.C., fell to Lysimachus' general, Prepelaos. moved some of Troas' citizens to the newly built city of .GS77149. Silver , 2282, 2803, -, -, -, -, VF, , , light bumps and marks, , 3.974 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Teos mint, c. 310 - 302 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, seated left on left, ΛΩΠ below throne strut; very ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, , 88 - 31 B.C.
Cassander of founded in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made the capital of the Roman province of 168 B.C.GB79940. Bronze AE 26, 19, pl. 23, 9; 804; 369; p. 112, 35, F, green , 11.809 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 88 - 31 B.C.; laureate of , I above; two Centaurs prancing, back to back, each with cloak flying behind and holding a branch, ΘEΣΣAΛO/NIKHΣ in two lines in ; $170.00 (€151.30)
Amphipolis, , c. 168 - 149 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus won the decisive Battle of Pydna. Perseus of was made prisoner and the Third Macedonian War ended. Paullus executed 500 Macedonians, exiled many more to Italy and confiscated their belongings in the name of Rome but according to Plutarch, keeping too much to himself. On the return to Rome in 167 BC, his legions were displeased with their share of the plunder. To keep them happy, Paullus stopped in , a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with ; 70 towns were sacked, 150,000 people enslaved and the region was left to bankruptcy. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder collected in and , he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured of himself. The senate awarded him the Macedonicus.GB83472. Bronze AE 19, p. 48, 40 - 41; 51; -; -, Nice VF, attractive , nice green , 5.610 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 149 B.C.; ivy-wreathed of Dionysos right; goat standing right, AMΦIΠO/ΛEITΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in ; ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck shortly after Alexander the Great's death during the joint reign of Philip III, Alexander's brother, and the infant Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. Sardes also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but the Alexander named on this coin was more likely the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV.GS75248. Silver , , series XV, 320b (same dies); 2631; 517; 645; -; -, -, VF, attractive , , , 4.175 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 319 - 318 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, bee right on left, A with dot within below throne; ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV - Kassander, c. 323 - 310 B.C.
Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the over his . The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.GB76151. Bronze AE 20, 2800f, 919, -, -, -, VF, nice green , light marks, light corrosion, 5.612 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, uncertain Western Anatolia mint, c. 323 - 310 B.C., Possibly Struck by I; of Herakles right, clad in lion-skin head-dress; torch and club left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward in center, bow inside bow case right, A lower right, uncertain round ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was on the Via , the principal Roman road which crossed the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and , dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the of Amphipolis).SH58235. Bronze AE 25, 1186, 3250 var. (fish ., same die), BMC 118 var. (same), 109 var. ( ), 194 var. (same, etc.), VF, 8.849 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 225o, Amphipolis mint, AYTOK M AYP KOMMO∆OC ANTON, laureate right; AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City-goddess seated left on high-backed throne, on , in extended right; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
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