Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.GS75247. Silver , 1995, 788, 999, Magnesia 27, 568, -, VF, , , struck with a worn die, porous, 3.968 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, AN over E in left , AY under throne; $170.00 (€151.30)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck by (Cleitus the White), of , 321 - 318 B.C., under Perdiccas as regent for Philip III, Alexander's brother, and the infant Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. Sardes also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but the Alexander named on this coin was more likely the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV.GS77132. Silver , 2600; Series XIII, 191 ff.; 634; -; -; -, VF, attractive , , porous, 4.063 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 321 - 320 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward, feet on footstool, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, EYE left, torch under throne; $170.00 (€151.30)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
With the arrival of Alexander the Great, Teos gained its freedom from Persian rule. In 319 B.C., it came under the rule of the of , I Monophthalmos (the one-eyed). declared himself in 306. In 302 B.C., fell to Lysimachus' general, Prepelaos. moved some of Troas' citizens to the newly built city of .GS77149. Silver , 2282, 2803, -, -, -, -, VF, , , light bumps and marks, , 3.974 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Teos mint, c. 310 - 302 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, seated left on left, ΛΩΠ below throne strut; very ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, , 88 - 31 B.C.
Cassander of founded in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made the capital of the Roman province of 168 B.C.GB79940. Bronze AE 26, 19, pl. 23, 9; 804; 369; p. 112, 35, F, green , 11.809 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 88 - 31 B.C.; laureate of , I above; two Centaurs prancing, back to back, each with cloak flying behind and holding a branch, ΘEΣΣAΛO/NIKHΣ in two lines in ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV - Kassander, c. 323 - 310 B.C.
Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the over his . The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.GB76151. Bronze AE 20, 2800f, 919, -, -, -, VF, nice green , light marks, light corrosion, 5.612 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, uncertain Western Anatolia mint, c. 323 - 310 B.C., Possibly Struck by I; of Herakles right, clad in lion-skin head-dress; torch and club left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward in center, bow inside bow case right, A lower right, uncertain round ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was on the Via , the principal Roman road which crossed the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and , dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the of Amphipolis).SH58235. Bronze AE 25, 1186, 3250 var. (fish ., same die), BMC 118 var. (same), 109 var. ( ), 194 var. (same, etc.), VF, 8.849 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 225o, Amphipolis mint, AYTOK M AYP KOMMO∆OC ANTON, laureate right; AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City-goddess seated left on high-backed throne, on , in extended right; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., ,
The god is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of are a and hammer.RP59998. Bronze AE 25, 4709, p. 127, 133, -, VF, light scratches, 8.831 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, AYK K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC, laureate, draped, and right; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA, standing left, small in right, laurel branch in left, at his feet, urn containing a branch rests on a table; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
and , , , 37 B.C.
The abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The of on the "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to in 42 BC after the battle of (the which is celebrated on the )." -- , p. 29SH72307. Leaded bronze AE 29, p. 115, 63; 1551/20-26; 672; 374; 823, aVF, 17.561 g, maximum 29.3 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 37 B.C.; ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, advancing left, extending wreath in right, frond in left; $160.00 (€142.40)
, Roman Protectorate, Gaius Publilius, 168 - 167 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Aemilius Paullus won the Battle of Pydna, ending the Third Macedonian War. According to Plutarch, Paullus kept too much plunder for himself, displeasing his legions. On his return to Rome, to keep them happy, Paullus stopped in , a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with . He sacked 70 towns, enslaved 150,000, and left the region bankrupt. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder, he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured , Perseus of . The senate awarded him the Macedonicus.RP77182. Bronze AE 19, p. 18, 76; 1323; 210, pl. III, 5 var. (noted variant); 1350 var. ( ), VF, on a , small deposits, small spots of light corrosion, 11.140 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 0o, , (?) mint, 168 - 167 B.C.; of Parthenos right, wearing crested Athenian helmet adorned with a and foreparts of horses (as on Athenian tetradrachms); ΓAIOY / TAMIOY, cow grazing right, ΠΛY (ΠOΠΛIΛIOY) above right, BT ( ) below; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C., Minted in the Name of Alexander the Great
Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. Philip was attractive and charismatic as a young man. A dashing and courageous warrior, he was inevitably compared to Alexander the Great and was nicknamed the darling of all .GB77226. Bronze AE 20, 1146, 1071, -, VF, nice green , nicely centered, 7.248 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, Macedonian mint, 211 - 197 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; standing left, brandishing javelin in right hand, in left hand, B − A (BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Alexander) / Φ − IΠ(?); ; $160.00 (€142.40)
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