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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ MacedoniaView Options:  |  |  |     

Ancient Greek Coins of Macedonia

Philippi, Macedonia, 41 - 68 A.D.

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This coin has traditionally been attributed to Augustus, but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from Claudius to Nero; Philippi probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of Augustus.
RP90685. Copper AE 21, RPC I 1651; Varbanov III 3229; SGICV 32; SNG Cop 305; AMNG III 14; BMC Macedonia p. 98, 23, VF, full inscriptions, toned bare copper, some light corrosion, weight 4.288 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Philippi mint, 41 - 68 A.D.; obverse VIC - AVG, Victory standing left on base holding wreath and palm; reverse COHOR PRAE PHIL, three standards; $110.00 (95.70)


Thessalonika, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

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King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C.
GB67765. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 372, BMC Macedonia p. 111, 22; SNG ANS 798 var (incorrectly identified as Zeus, E above trident on obv), VF, weight 6.077 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 315o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right, trident behind; reverse prow right, ΘEΣΣA/ΛONI above and below; $105.00 (91.35)


Macedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C.

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Perseus of Macedonia was the last king of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in Macedonia created after the death of Alexander the Great. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.

The hero Perseus, the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths in the cult of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus was the hero who killed Medusa and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster.
GB68781. Bronze AE 19, SNG Mnchen 1274 ff., SNG Cop 1275, SNG Alpha Bank 1142 cor., SNG Dreer -, aVF, nice green patina, weight 5.247 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Pella or Amphipolis mint, c. 179 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of hero Perseus right, wearing winged helmet peaked with griffin head, harpa across shoulder; reverse eagle standing half-left on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, B - A flanking above wings, Π−E flanking across lower field, stAR in exergue; $100.00 (87.00)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 231 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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According to Gaebler, pp. 20-21, these OMONOIA (harmony) coins apparently commemorated a settlement between the province of Macedonia and the free city of Thessalonica, which did not belong to the Macedonian koinon and was usually squabbling with it. Gaebler thinks that in 231 A.D., when Severus Alexander traveled through Macedonia on his way to Syria, Thessalonica and the koinon settled their differences and Thessalonica urged the emperor to allow the koinon to again issue coins with Beroia's title Neokoros, which is missing in this issue but reappeared in the next.
RP69770. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III 334, Lindgren -, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, F, punch reverse center, weight 11.013 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 231 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN OMONOIA, Athena seated left, Cabeiros in right, spear vertical behind in left, rear leg of seat shaped like a lion's leg; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $100.00 (87.00)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

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In 168 B.C. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Macedonia Prima (First Macedonia) province, encompassing most of what had been the Kingdom of Macedonia.
GB90123. Bronze AE 17, cf. SNG ANS 771 (thunderbolt above), BMC Macedonia p. 112; 40 - 42 (controls), SNG Dreer 298 - 299 (same), Lindgren 1168 - 1170 (same), SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, well centered, weight 3.912 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, Macedonia; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse ΘEΣΣA−ΛO/NIKHΣ, horse galloping right, thunderbolt (control symbol) below; rare; $100.00 (87.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander IV, 323 - 311 B.C.

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Struck after Alexander's death during the reigns of Alexander's infant son with Roxana and Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Olympias was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
GB71731. Bronze AE 1/2 unit, Price 3157; AMNG III p.73, 5; Liampi Chronologie 230; SNG Cop 1127 var (monogram); SNG Mnchen -; SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, green patina, weight 4.265 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Salamis mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield with five crescents around, Medusa facing at center; reverse crested Macedonian helmet, flanked by B - A (BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, King Alexander), spear head pointing up lower left, Σ monogram lower right; scarce; $100.00 (87.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.

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Philip II became the ruler of all Greece when he defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Chaeroneia in 338 B.C. Philip personally selected the design of his coins. His horse, on the reverse of this coin, won a race in the Olympic Games in 356 B.C., the year his son Alexander the Great was born.
GB74095. Bronze AE Unit, SNG ANS 940, SNG Cop 594, VF, well centered on a tight flan, small spots of corrosion, weight 6.075 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonian mint, c. 359 - 336 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right wearing taenia; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, young male riding horse prancing to right, N and trident head below; $100.00 (87.00)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Simillar types with the club over lion reverse that identify only a single Neokorie in the reverse legend (no B) were struck under Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 238. Another similar issue is dated EOC, year 275 of the Actium Era (244 - 245 A.D.), on the reverse. They were probably struck for the visit of Philip I in 244.
RP58833. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 741; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 118; SNG Cop 1375; SNG Bar 504; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Saroglos -; Lindgren -, aVF, rough, weight 10.578 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, head of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, lion walking right, club left above; scarce; $95.00 (82.65)


Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrius I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.

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The B A on the reverse refers to BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, King Alexander (the Great). The Macedonian Kingdom continued to issue coinage in Alexander's name long after his death.

The prow refers to Demetrios' defeat of Menelaus, Ptolemy's brother, in the naval Battle of Salamis, completely destroying the naval power of Egypt.
GB66864. Bronze AE 15, Newell 163, SNG Cop 1185, SNG Mnchen 1056; SNG Alpha Bank 956, gVF, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Carian(?) mint, 290 - 283 B.C.; obverse Demetrios' head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, prow right, B A above, AP monogram below, double axe before; $95.00 (82.65)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, 1st - 3rd Century A.D.

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Amphipolis was built on a raised plateau overlooking the east bank of the river Strymon where it emerged from Lake Cercinitis, about 3 miles from the Aegean Sea. When Xerxes I of Persia crossed the Strymon during his invasion in 480 B.C. he buried alive nine young boys and nine maidens as a sacrifice to the river god.
RP69174. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III.2 p. 39, 63; Lindgren II 960; Mionnet Supplement III p. 26, 190; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -; SGCV I -, Fair, weight 11.449 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 225o, Amphipolis mint, 1st - 3rd century A.D.; obverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City goddess seated left on facing high-backed throne, radiate, shell(?) in right; reverse CTPYMΩN, river god Strymon reclining left on rocks, head turned right, broken reed in right, water plant in left; very rare; $95.00 (82.65)




    



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Macedonia Greek Coins