Paroreia, , c. 185 - 168 B.C.
The was administered with a three-level pyramidal organization: on the top was the and the nation, the kingdom was divided into districts, and within the districts were the civic organizations (cities and éthne). This civic coin was struck by the City of Paroreia during the years just prior to the Macedonian Kingdom's fall to Rome.GB58466. Bronze AE 22, , p. 15, 60; 254 var ( left), VF, 6.464 g, maximum 21.6 mm, 135o, Paroreia mint, c. 185 - 168 B.C.; laureate of Zeus Dodonaios right; standing right on thunderbolt, left, NK upper left, ΠAP lower right; ; $65.00 (€57.20)
, Roman Protectorate, Quaestor Gaius Publilius, 168 - 167 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Aemilius Paullus won the Battle of Pydna, ending the Third Macedonian War. According to Plutarch, Paullus kept too much plunder for himself, displeasing his legions. On his return to Rome, to keep them happy, Paullus stopped in , a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with . He sacked 70 towns, enslaved 150,000, and left the region bankrupt. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder, he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured , Perseus of . The senate awarded him the Macedonicus.RP62146. Bronze AE 20, p. 18, 76; 1323; 210, pl. III, 5 var (noted variant); 1350 var ( ), F, 10.403 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 0o, Bottiaea, (?) mint, 168 - 167 B.C.; of Parthenos right, wearing crested Athenian helmet adorned with a and foreparts of horses (as on Athenian tetradrachms); ΓAIOY / TAMIOY, cow grazing right, ΠΛY (ΠOΠΛIΛIOY) above right, BT (Bottiaea) below; ; $65.00 (€57.20)
, Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C.
Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. Philip was attractive and charismatic as a young man. A dashing and courageous warrior, he was inevitably compared to Alexander the Great and was nicknamed the darling of all . --
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GB72629. Bronze AE 21, cf. 1116 ff., 1261, aVF, 10.358 g, maximum 21.3 mm, 0o, Macedonian mint, 220 - 179 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY, , ∆I(?) above, all within oak-wreath; $65.00 (€57.20)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.GB56568. Bronze AE 17, apparently unpublished, cf. 72 ff. ( below vice , attributed to ), -, -, -, F, 5.418 g, maximum 16.6 mm, 0o, Macedonian mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, rider on horse prancing to right, right arm raised, cruciform below horses forelegs; extremely ; $60.00 (€52.80)
Amphipolis, , c. 187 - 167 B.C.
In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded and overthrew Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake from Rome. Andriskos traveled to to request military from Demetrius of . Demetrius instead handed him over Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded , and defeated the Roman Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself Philip VI of . In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered and made an with , thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to , whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this was formally reduced to a Roman province.BB62452. Bronze AE 19, 118 - 119, -, -, F, pitting, 7.106 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 187 - 167 B.C.; Laureate of Zeus right; AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, two goats on their hind legs, contending to ; green ; ; $60.00 (€52.80)
, of , 359 - 336 B.C.
became the ruler of all when he defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Chaeroneia in 338 B.C. Philip personally selected the design of his coins. His horse, on the of this coin, won a race in the Olympic Games in 356 B.C., the year his son Alexander the Great was born.GB75114. Bronze AE Unit, 08, 165, 613 var (rider and trident left), VF, on a , some light corrosion, 5.362 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 180o, Macedonian mint, c. 359 - 336 B.C.; of right wearing ; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, young male riding horse prancing to right, trident and AP below; $60.00 (€52.80)
, Alexander IV, c. 323 - 311 B.C.
Struck during the reign the child Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. He and Philip III, Alexander's brother, were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and was executed in 317 B.C. under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by his regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.GB76480. Bronze unit, 2806, 1132, 849, -, -, VF, green , , a little rough, 2.864 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Western Anatolia mint, c. 323 - 311 B.C.; Macedonian with five double crescents and five groups of pellets around, of at center, facing slightly right, wearing skin tied at neck; crested Macedonian officer's helmet, flanked by B - A ( , Alexander), stalk of grain (control symbol) lower left; $60.00 (€52.80)
, , c. 187 - 168 B.C.
was founded in 399 B.C. by Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."GB59940. Bronze AE 24, 18, -, -, -, aVF, 13.475 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 330o, mint, c. 187 - 168 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; ΠEΛΛA, right on thunderbolt, wings spread, right, flanked by a left and right; nice ; ; $50.00 (€44.00)
, Alexander IV, c. 323 - 311 B.C.
Salamis was a town on the east coast of , at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus.
Struck during the reign the child Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. He and Philip III, Alexander's brother, were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and was executed in 317 B.C. under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by his regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. GB73568. Bronze AE 1/2 unit, 3162, 925, 1126 (N vice NK , perhaps in error?), -, aVF, a little rough, 4.417 g, maximum 15.8 mm, 0o, , Salamis mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; Macedonian with five crescents around, facing at center; crested Macedonian helmet, flanked by B - A ( , Alexander), lower left, NK lower right; $50.00 (€44.00)
, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C.
Perseus of was the last of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in created after the death of Alexander the Great. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., came under Roman rule.
The hero Perseus, the legendary founder of and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths in the cult of the Twelve . Perseus was the hero who killed and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster. GB56586. Bronze AE 19, 1274 ff., 1275, 1142 cor., -, aVF, 4.125 g, maximum 15.0 mm, 0o, or Amphipolis mint, c. 179 - 168 B.C.; of hero Perseus right, wearing winged helmet peaked with , across shoulder; standing half-left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, B - A over Π−E flanking across , in ; $45.00 (€39.60)
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