, Islands off , c. 290 - 275 B.C., Civic Coinage in the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
may have controlled after was killed at Ipsus in 301 B.C. A Chian honoring one of his generals supports this view. But is likely to have significant autonomy even if it continued to be ruled by a foreign monarch. Beginning c. 290 B.C., the island struck precious metal for the first time in over half a century. At the same time they began developing close economic and political relations with other Greek cities and states. lost his life at the battle of Corupedium in 281 B.C. The , Seleukos, was murdered less than a year later and his empire plunged into political chaos. was almost certainly completely autonomous by this time. -- , Constantinos. A study of the coinage of in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. PhD thesis, Durham University. (1998). Available at Durham E-Theses Online: http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/4848/
GS75245. Silver , 2325A (same dies); p. 4, series 5, pl. I, 6-30; 1530; 601; -; -, VF, appealing unusual , uneven , crack, encrustations, 3.975 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 45o, Islands of , mint, under or Autonomous, c. 290 - 275 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left on high back throne, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, within over bunch of grapes in left ; $180.00 (€158.40)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, by Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos, during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Lampsakos also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.GS75269. Silver , 1367, series , pl. 7, 170; -, -; SNG Munchen -; -, VF, , on a , , light bumps and marks, 4.241 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 90o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 320 - 319 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long lotus topped vertical behind in left hand, EK left, horns downward crescent over A under throne; very ; $180.00 (€158.40)
, I Monophthalmus, 320 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck by I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed") as of (320 - 306 B.C.) or as (306 - 301 B.C.). Antigonos I was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.GS75260. Silver , cf. 1789 ff., 1603 ff., 917 f., 513 ff. (all with various under throne), VF, nice , on a , light marks and scratches, small areas of encrustation, 4.235 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 0o, , Colophon mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, around waist and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, SW left, uncertain symbol under throne(?); $175.00 (€154.00)
Eion, , c. 500 - 437 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The is variously described as a or . The significance of the is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.
GA77599. Silver , 280 - 283, 180 , 29, 151, p. 75, 21, aVF, , light , edge split, porous, 0.661 g, maximum 11.5 mm, Eion mint, c. 500 - 437 B.C.; goose standing right, looking back, lizard above; quadripartite square; $175.00 (€154.00)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.GS75247. Silver , 1995, 788, 999, Magnesia 27, 568, -, VF, , , struck with a worn die, porous, 3.968 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, AN over E in left , AY under throne; $170.00 (€149.60)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck by (Cleitus the White), of , 321 - 318 B.C., under Perdiccas as regent for Philip III, Alexander's brother, and the infant Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. Sardes also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but the Alexander named on this coin was more likely the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV.GS77132. Silver , 2600; Series XIII, 191 ff.; 634; -; -; -, VF, attractive , , porous, 4.063 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 321 - 320 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward, feet on footstool, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, EYE left, torch under throne; $170.00 (€149.60)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
With the arrival of Alexander the Great, Teos gained its freedom from Persian rule. In 319 B.C., it came under the rule of the of , I Monophthalmos (the one-eyed). declared himself in 306. In 302 B.C., fell to Lysimachus' general, Prepelaos. moved some of Troas' citizens to the newly built city of .GS77149. Silver , 2282, 2803, -, -, -, -, VF, , , light bumps and marks, , 3.974 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Teos mint, c. 310 - 302 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, seated left on left, ΛΩΠ below throne strut; very ; $170.00 (€149.60)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV - Kassander, c. 323 - 310 B.C.
is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the over his . The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.GB76151. Bronze AE 20, 2800f, 919, -, -, -, VF, nice green , light marks, light corrosion, 5.612 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, uncertain Western Anatolia mint, c. 323 - 310 B.C., Possibly Struck by I; of right, clad in lion-skin head-dress; torch and club left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward in center, bow inside bow case right, A lower right, uncertain round ; $165.00 (€145.20)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was on the Via , the principal Roman road which crossed the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and , dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the of Amphipolis).SH58235. Bronze AE 25, 1186, 3250 var. (fish ., same die), BMC 118 var. (same), 109 var. ( ), 194 var. (same, etc.), VF, 8.849 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 225o, Amphipolis mint, AYTOK M AYP KOMMO∆OC ANTON, laureate right; AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City-goddess seated left on high-backed throne, on , in extended right; ; $160.00 (€140.80)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., ,
The god is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of are a and hammer.RP59998. Bronze AE 25, 4709, p. 127, 133, -, VF, light scratches, 8.831 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, AYK K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC, laureate, draped, and right; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA, standing left, small in right, laurel branch in left, at his feet, urn containing a branch rests on a table; ; $160.00 (€140.80)
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