Mende, , 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze , 221; 397 var (crescent above); p. 83, 13 var (no ivy branch), VF, 1.078 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy wreath; MEN, with tall handles, ivy branch left; ; $135.00 (€117.45)
, , , and , c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later)
RPC tentatively dates the to the reign of but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of .RP70490. Bronze AE 23, 1555; p. 115, 60; cf. 395 ( laureate); I 151 (same), F+, 8.287 g, maximum 23.3 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later); ΘEOC, of right; ΘECCAΛONI KEΩN, of right; $135.00 (€117.45)
, Kassander, 319 - 297 B.C.
Kassander was the son of Antipater and Regent for the young son of Alexander the Great. Notorious for his cruelty, in 311 B.C., he executed Alexander IV and his mother Roxana. We can date this coin, with the royal title BAΣIΛEΩΣ, to after 305 B.C. when he declared himself .GB90298. Bronze half unit, 937 ff. var, 1154 ff. var, 1020 ff. var, 1299 var, - (all var different controls), VF, , green , 3.148 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 45o, or Amphipolis mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; KAΣΣAN∆EP BAΣIΛEΩΣ, left, breaking spear with mouth and foreleg, above and below (control ), T (control letter) below ; this control symbol variant is unpublished in the references examined, ex (2010); very ; $135.00 (€117.45)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopediaGS71657. Silver , 1406, 821, 988, 586, VF, , porous, 3.922 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in right, lotus tipped long vertical in left, KI left, ME under throne; $130.00 (€113.10)
of , Reign of , 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
For the Alexander commemorative series issued by the of , is by far the best reference listing over 500 different varieties on 100 pages - an absolutely bewildering study. With few plate images and listing many minor variations, it is a challenge to use for anyone who does not speak German. only lists coins of the with of the emperor on the .
RP75156. Bronze AE 26, cf. 622; p. 24, 116; 1369, 742; 502; et al. (similar, but different rev leg arrangements, etc.), VF, very nice green , center dimples, weak legends, a few pits, 12.783 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, seated left, helmeted, holding wreath in Athena's right hand, resting left hand on behind, rear leg of chair in the form of a lion's leg; unpublished variety(?); $125.00 (€108.75)
Chalkidian League, Olynthos, , c. 432 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH69954. Silver tetrobol, p. 68, 13; 537, 235; 266, 22, aVF, grainy, scratches, 2.146 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 315o, Olynthos mint, c. 432 - 348 B.C.; laureate of right, of dots around; XAΛKIAEΩN (clockwise from upper left), ( ) with seven strings, all within ; $120.00 (€104.40)
, , 424 - 350 B.C.
, (Kavala, today), was founded by settlers from Thasos near the end of the 7th century B.C., to exploit the rich gold and silver mines of the . At the end of the 6th century B.C. ("new city" in Greek) claimed its independence from Thasos and struck its own silver coins with the of . A member of the Athenian League, was besieged by the allied armies of the Spartans and the Thasians in 411 B.C., during the Peloponnesian War, but remained faithful to Athens. The Apostle Paul landed at on his second and third missionary journeys.GS68653. Silver , 455 (same dies); 229; p.85, 25; 1417, F/VF, grainy, open cracks, 1.804 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 225o, , mint, 424 - 350 B.C.; ; NEOΠ (downward on right), diademed female right; $120.00 (€104.40)
of , Reign of , 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
Simillar types with the club over that identify only a single Neokorie in the (no B) were struck under , c. 231 - 238. Another similar issue is dated EOC, year 275 of the Era (244 - 245 A.D.), on the . They were probably struck for the visit of in 244.RP59370. Bronze AE 27, 741; p. 24, 118; 1375; 504; -; -; -, aVF, 9.193 g, maximum 27.2 mm, 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, of Alexander the Great right, as , clad in scalp headdress; KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, walking right, club left above; ; $110.00 (€95.70)
, Roman Protectorate, c. 168 - 167 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Aemilius Paullus defeated the Macedonian Perseus at the Battle of Pydna, and came under Roman rule. This coin was struck shortly after Rome's , under the quaestor Gaius Publilius.RP90404. Bronze AE 22, 1318; p 18, 72, aVF, 10.290 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 90o, 168 - 167 B.C.; winged helmeted of (or Perseus) right, at helmet peak; MAKE∆ONΩN / TAMIOY ΓAIOY / ΠOΠΛIΛIOY, in three lines within oak wreath; $110.00 (€95.70)
, , 41 - 68 A.D.
This coin has traditionally been attributed to , but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from to ; probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of .RP90685. Copper AE 21, 1651; 3229; 32; 305; 14; p. 98, 23, VF, full inscriptions, bare copper, some light corrosion, 4.288 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, mint, 41 - 68 A.D.; VIC - AVG, standing left on base holding wreath and ; COHOR PRAE PHIL, three standards; $110.00 (€95.70)
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