, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was founded in 399 B.C. by Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."RB79934. Bronze AE 24, 3735 (R4), 33, 6479, -, F, portrait, attractive green , , 11.112 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 0o, mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; IMP C SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped, and right; COL IVL AVG , city-goddess seated left, on , right hand raised to shoulder; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., ,
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RB79951. Bronze AE 29, p. 186, 7 (V5/R9); III 618; 4295 (R4); 849 var. (no crescent), 412 var. (same); -, F, excellent portrait, dark green , adjustment marks, , 16.494 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, emission 1, phase 1, 25 Jan 98 - 103 A.D.; TPAIANOC, laureate right; ΘECAΛΛONIKEWN, flying right, raising in extended right hand, frond over shoulder in left hand, small crescent with horns up in right ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C.
Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. Philip was attractive and charismatic as a young man. A dashing and courageous warrior, he was inevitably compared to Alexander the Great and was nicknamed the darling of all .GB83488. Bronze AE 25, 24a; 1110, 1181; 1258 ff. var. ( ), III/2 25 var. (same), aVF, nice sea-green , edge bump, edge split, marks, light corrosion, 13.892 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 180o, Macedonian mint, 183 - 182 B.C.; of right; winged thunderbolt, ∆I over BAΣIΛEΩΣ above , ΦIΛIΠΠOY below, all within oak ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., of
The Macedonian (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.RB83510. Bronze AE 25, 1345; 730; /2 277; 3050 (R4) var. (Ω vice W); p. 28, 156 var. (laureate), VF, nice green , , cut on lower , 11.478 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 270o, 7 Mar 161 - 17 Mar 180 A.D.; ANTWNINOC, right; MAKE∆ONWN, thunderbolt with four wings; $160.00 (€142.40)
of , Reign of , 238 - 244 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, . Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.SH65202. Bronze AE 25, 724; cf p. 22, 102 (one neokorie); -; -; -; -; -, F, 10.822 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 180o, , Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in scalp headdress; MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, Alexander galloping left on his horse Bucephalus, about to spear a leaping left below; ; $155.00 (€137.95)
Eion, , c. 500 - 437 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The is variously described as a or . The significance of the is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GA77599. Silver , 280 - 283, 180 , 29, 151, p. 75, 21, aVF, , light , edge split, porous, 0.661 g, maximum 11.5 mm, Eion mint, c. 500 - 437 B.C.; goose standing right, looking back, lizard above; quadripartite square; $155.00 (€137.95)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., ,
The god is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of are a and hammer.RP59998. Bronze AE 25, 4709, p. 127, 133, -, VF, light scratches, 8.831 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, AYK K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC, laureate, draped, and right; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA, standing left, small in right, laurel branch in left, at his feet, urn containing a branch rests on a table; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
and , 2nd Triumvirate, , , 37 B.C.
The abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The of on the "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to in 42 BC after the battle of (the which is celebrated on the )." -- , p. 29
In 37 B.C., loaned Antony the money for the army. After a five-month siege, the Romans took Jerusalem from the . Herod the Great made by Anthony, took control of his capital. was taken to Antioch where Antony had him executed. Thousands of Jews were slaughtered by the Roman troops supporting Herod.SH63716. Bronze AE 31, p. 115, 63; 1551; 672; 374; 823, F, green , scratches, rough areas, 18.710 g, maximum 31.0 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 37 B.C.; ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, advancing left, extending in right hand, frond in left; $150.00 (€133.50)
, , 88 - 31 B.C.
Cassander of founded in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made the capital of the Roman province of 168 B.C.GB79940. Bronze AE 26, 19, pl. 23, 9; 804; 369; p. 112, 35, F, green , 11.809 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 88 - 31 B.C.; laureate of , I above; two Centaurs prancing, back to back, each with cloak flying behind and holding a branch, ΘEΣΣAΛO/NIKHΣ in two lines in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RP79950. Bronze AE 27, p. 246, 5 (V6/-, unlisted die); 422; 4471 (R3); p. 123, 109; 873 var. ( from behind), VF, and struck, nice green , small edge split, , light marks, 11.341 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AV K M AV CEV AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and right, from the front; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, advancing left, in extended right hand, frond in left hand; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
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