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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Byzantion||View Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantion, Thrace

Byzantion was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 657 B.C. In 340 B.C., the Byzantines, with the aid of the Athenians, successfully withstood a siege by Philip of Macedon. They were, however, forced to recognize Macedonian suzerainty after surrendering without a fight to Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. The city was rebuilt as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine I in 330 A.D. and renamed Constantinople. It became the capital of the Ottoman Empire when it was conquered in 1453. Today it is Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart.

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Severus| |Alexander|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia|, |AE| |25|NEW
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RP94232. Bronze AE 25, RPC II Online 6783 (31 spec.), Sydenham Caesarea 557, BMC Cappadocia -, SNG Cop -, aF, centered, porous, weight 7.143 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 224 - 225 A.D.; obverse AVK CEOVH AΛEΞAN, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MHTPOΠ KAICAPIA, agalma of Mount Argaeus on altar, ET∆ (year 4) in exergue; $.99 (.91)


Byzantion, Thrace, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

|Byzantion|, |Byzantion,| |Thrace,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.,| |Restoration| |of| |Lysimachos'| |Type,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great|, |tetradrachm|
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.
SH48376. Silver tetradrachm, Mller 199, SNG Cop -, Choice EF, weight 16.940 g, maximum diameter 37.1 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, left arm on shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, Nike crowning name in right, monogram left, BY on throne, trident in exergue; superb detail; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, c. 210 - 195 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type

|Byzantion|, |Byzantion,| |Thrace,| |c.| |210| |-| |195| |B.C.,| |Restoration| |of| |Lysimachos'| |Type|, |tetradrachm|
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.
SH71721. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Berry 411 (same dies), Mller 142 - 146 var. (monogram), Thompson -, SNG Cop -, Meydancikkale -, Armenak -, Arslan-Lightfoot -, Black Sea Hoard -, aEF, a few weak areas, weight 16.731 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 210 - 195 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, left arm on shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, Nike crowning name in right, monogram left, BY on throne; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Arslan, M. & C. Lightfoot. Greek Coin Hoards in Turkey. (Ankara, 1999).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trsor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly...Greece. (London, 1924).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermnzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Marinescu, C. & C. Lorber. "The ?Black Sea? Tetradrachm Hoard" in Studies Prokopov. Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Mller, L. Die Mnzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Schnert-Geiss, E. Die Mnzprgung von Byzantion. (Amsterdam, 1970 & 1972).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellnistiques de Byzance et de Calcdoine" in Essays Robinson.
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellnistiques de Byzance et de Calcdoine" in Essays Robinson.
Thompson, M. "The Armenak Hoard (IGCH 1423)" in ANSMN 31 (1986).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus" in Essays Robinson.
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

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