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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Severan Period ▸ OrbianaView Options:  |  |  | 

Orbiana, Augusta late 225 - 227 A.D., wife of Severus Alexander

Gneaea Seia Herennia Sallustia Barbia Orbiana was the wife of the emperor Severus Alexander, and married him in 225A.D. Her husband was obsessed with her; to the extent his mother Julia Mamaea saw her as a threat to her dominance and had her exiled to Libya.


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
SH33747. Silver denarius, RIC IV 319, RSC III 1, BMCRE VI 287, SRCV II 8191, Choice EF, near full circles centering, weight 3.097 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; scarce; SOLD


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SH33677. Silver denarius, mint error variety of RIC IV 319, RSC III 1, BMCRE VI 287, SRCV II 8191, EF, weight 3.246 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA - AAVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; mint luster; rare; SOLD


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SH08839. Copper as, RIC IV 656, BMCRE VI 297, Cohen IV 5, SRCV II 8195, aVF, weight 8.69 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 225 A.D.; obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM (harmony between the emperor and empress), Concordia seated left holding patera and double cornucopia, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; reverse weakly struck on left side, nice brown patina; very scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

SALLBARBIAORBIANAAVG

REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, August 18, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Orbiana