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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>HellenisticMonarchies>MacedonianKingdom PAGE 1/7123»»»

Macedonian Kingdom


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Arrhidaeus was the half-brother of Alexander the Great. Alexander's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made king upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. Olympias had him imprisoned and executed.
SH90375. Gold stater, Price P143, Müller P119, NGC AU Strike 5/5, Surface 2/5, edge marks, 2411750-001, weight 8.55 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Arados mint, c. 323 - 316 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with coiled snake, hair in long curls down back of neck and before ear; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Nike standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded stylis in left at her side, ∆H on left under wing, I on right under wing; ex Heritage Auctions, auction 3032, lot 23136; $3600.00 (€2700.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Philip II became the ruler of all Greece when he defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Chaeroneia in 338 B.C. Philip personally selected the design of his coins. His horse, on the reverse of this coin, won a race in the Olympic Games in 356 B.C., the year his son Alexander the Great was born.
SH90224. Silver tetradrachm, Le Rider 388 ff. (D202/-), SNG ANS 534 ff., SNG Cop 554, SNG Alpha Bank -, EF, toned, obverse slightly double struck, weight 14.386 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 342 - 328 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, naked youth pacing right on horseback, palm frond in right, reins in left, prow below; ex Heritage auction 3032, lot 23068; ex CNG Sale XXVI (11 June 1993), lot 246; $2250.00 (€1687.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Without control symbols, attribution is made by comparing the fabric and style to attributed examples. We did not find any examples in our references similar enough to confidently identify the mint or date of this coin.
SH90222. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Price 844, Müller Alexander -, Choice aEF, scratch behind Herakles ear, weight 16.884 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, posthumous, c. 310 - 275 B.C.(?); obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, throne with high back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, no control symbols; ex Savoca Coins (Munich); rare; $600.00 (€450.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Lifetime style and possibly a lifetime issue!
SH70990. Silver tetradrachm, Price 236, Müller Alexander 1397, Meydancikkale 487- 488, VF, weight 17.170 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Pella mint, c. 325 - 315 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion skin headdress; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, ΣI in left field; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 220, part of lot 1985; $490.00 (€367.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander, Regent 317 - 305 B.C., King 305 - 298 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander III
Click for a larger photo Son of the regent Antipater, but not his heir, Kassander seized power from Polyperchon after his father's death. He had no intention of surrendering rule to Alexander's son, who was to be king when he came of age. In 311 B.C., Kassander had Alexander's 12-year old son and the boy's mother, Roxane, executed. In 305 B.C., he declared himself king of Macedonia. Kassander struck bronze coinage in his own name, but he struck silver coinage in the name and types of Alexander the Great.
SH90223. Silver tetradrachm, Price 468, Müller Alexander 60, SNG Cop 697, SNG Saroglos 306, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, weight 17.097 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 315 - 294 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, L over race torch left, kantharos under throne; ex Savoca Coins (Munich); $490.00 (€367.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the Nemean lion over his head. The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
SH70991. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Saroglos 371 (same dies), Price 850, Müller Alexander -, Meydancikkale -, SNG München -; SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, rev double struck, obv die wear, scratches and bumps, weight 16.842 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain Macedonian or Greek mint, posthumous, c. 310 - c. 275 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion skin headdress; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, dolphin downward left, T - I divided by bucranium in exergue; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 220, part of lot 1985; rare; $500.00 SALE PRICE $450.00 ON RESERVE

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo  
SH90206. Silver tetradrachm, Price -, Hersh -, Müller Alexander -, Meydancikkale -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -; et al.; cf. Price 574 ff. (grapes with other control symbols), F, burnished areas, weight 16.560 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 90o, Pella(?) mint, posthumous, c. 280 - 275 B.C.(?); obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle and bunch of grapes in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, A below throne; ex CNG auction 324, part of lot 690; apparently unpublished; $400.00 (€300.00)

Corinth, Greece, c. 310 - 290 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo Although Greece was declared "free" in 311 B.C., it soon became a chaotic battleground of Alexander's successors. Old men, once comrades in Alexander's army, along with their children, fought each other to death to expand their kingdoms. Ptolemy I of Egypt took Corinth from Antigonus in 308. Demetrius Poliorcetes defeated Ptolemy and returned to Greece in 302 B.C. Claiming to be a liberator, he reinstated the Corinthian League. This type and other similar types from Corinth share identical style and control letters with coins struck by nearby cities, suggesting all were struck under the reinstated league.
SH90205. Silver tetradrachm, Price 685, Müller Alexander 889, SNG München 379, SNG Cop 732 (Sicyon), SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Saroglos -, VF, small spots of dark toning, weight 16.902 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 90o, Corinth mint, posthumous, c. 310 - 290 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, apluster left, ∆E under throne; ex CNG auction 324, part of lot 690; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00 ON RESERVE

Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander, Regent 317 - 305 B.C., King 305 - 298 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander III
Click for a larger photo Son of the regent Antipater, but not his heir, Kassander seized power from Polyperchon after his father's death. He had no intention of surrendering rule to Alexander's son, who was to be king when he came of age. In 311 B.C., Kassander had Alexander's 12-year old son and the boy's mother, Roxane, executed. In 305 B.C., he declared himself king of Macedonia. Kassander struck bronze coinage in his own name, but he struck silver coinage in the name and types of Alexander the Great.
SH90204. Silver tetradrachm, Price 468, Müller Alexander 60, SNG Cop 697, SNG Saroglos 306, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, centered, toned, small spots of dark toning, weight 17.018 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 135o, Amphipolis mint, c. 315 - 294 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, L over race torch left, kantharos under throne; ex CNG auction 324, part of lot 690; $350.00 (€262.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Possibly a lifetime issue! Alexander allowed local princes in the East to continue to rule, if they submitted to him without a struggle. He also reaffirmed the rights of coinage they had as dynasts under Persia. Newell interpreted the monogram on this type as A∆PA, for King Adramelek, whose name appeared on preceding autonomous coinage of the city. - Newell, Demanhur pp. 123 - 125.
SH90199. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3426, Müller Alexander 1375, Demanhur 3587 - 3623, SNG München 744, SNG Cop 805, VF, dark thick toning, weight 17.632 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Byblos mint, c. 330 - 320 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, A∆PA(?) monogram left; ex CNG auction 324, part of lot 691; $290.00 SALE PRICE $261.00 ON RESERVE



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REFERENCES

Arena, V. "New Acquisitions at the British Museum: additions to Price, Alexander, and the 1870 Larnaca Hoard" in NC 2003.
Bellinger, A. R. "Philippi in Macedonia" in ANSMN 11 (1964).
Gaebler, Hugo. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1906).
Hersh, C. "Additions and Corrections to Martin J. Price’s ‘The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus’" in Studies Price.
Le Rider, G. Le monnayage d’ argent et d’ or de Philippe II frappé en Macédoine de 359 à 294. (Paris 1977).
Le Rider, G. Monnayage et finances de Philippe II. Un état de la question. (Athens, 1996).
Mamroth, A. "Die Bronzemünzen des Königs Philippos V. von Makedonien" in ZfN 42. (1935).
Mamroth, A. "Die Silbermünzen des Königs Perseus" in ZfN 38. (1928).
Mamroth, A. "Die Silbermünzen des Königs Philippos V. von Makedonien" in ZfN 40. (1930).
Mørkholm, O. Early Hellenistic Coinage. From the Accession of Alexander to the Peace of Apamea (336-188 BC). (Cambridge, 1991).
Newell. E.T. The Coinage of Demetrius Poliorcetes. (London, 1927).
Price, M. J. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. Vol. 1-2. (Zurich - London, 1991).
Sear, David. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer. Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1984).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Makedonien - Könige, 10/11 Heft. (Berlin, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 3: Macedonia. (London, 1976).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece II. The Alpha Bank Collection, Macedonia I: Alexander I - Perseus. (Athens, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 8: Macedonia 2 (Alexander I - Philip II). (New York, 1994).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Wartenberg, U. & J.H. Kagan, "Some Comments on a New Hoard from the Balkan Sea" in Travaux Le Rider.

Catalog current as of Friday, July 25, 2014.
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Coins of the Macedonian Kingdom