, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Philip III Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of , was Alexander the Great's half-brother. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. had him imprisoned and then ordered his execution in 317 B.C.SH72613. Gold , P90, 228 - 230, -, -, EF, lovely Hellenistic , mint luster, 8.579 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a coiled snake, wearing necklace and long drop earring; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded in left at her side, TI left, rose left under wing; ex Numismatics auction 8, lot 470; $5220.00 (€4541.40)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for ? 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for ? 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus, c. 323 - 317 B.C.
Arrhidaeus was the half-brother of Alexander the Great. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. He was imprisoned upon his return to and in 317 B.C. was executed under orders of .SH70941. Silver , 507 (D270/R418), 441 (same dies), VF, , deep punch center, 14.218 g, maximum 23.4 mm, 45o, mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; youth on horseback right, holding frond, bee right (control symbol) below; ex Classical Numismatic Group e-auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 123; $950.00 (€826.50)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: , Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.SH73195. Silver , 3697, 1542, VF, 17.067 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 135o, Babylon mint, , Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, of facing on left, KY under throne; ; $700.00 (€609.00)
, Ptolemy I, as in , 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the of under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the , Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.GP72061. Bronze , 172 (as ); p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, ); 36; 5; 21; -; -, VF, , red and brown , 4.503 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 315o, mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; diademed and horned of deified Alexander the Great right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, above helmet on left; ex Harlan ; ; $370.00 (€321.90)
, , , c. 344 - 300 B.C.
After 344, fell under Macedonian rule. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well-known for its horses.SH59930. Bronze , 329, 278, -, -, BMC -, VF, 8.663 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 180o, mint, c. 344 - 300 B.C.; of the nymph facing slighly left, wearing necklace, drop earrings, and ; ΛAPI−Σ/AIΩN, bridled horse trotting right without rider, trident below pointing upwards and left; ; $215.00 (€187.05)
, I Monophthalmus, as of , 317 - 311 B.C.
A struck only at the Babylon mint.
When Alexander's empire was divided, his general Seleucus received the satrapy of . From about 317 to about 311 B.C., however, I Monophthalmus (The "One-Eyed") took over as ruler of all . Seleucus took refuge with Ptolemy of and with his aid was able to reenter Babylon in 312 B.C. In 306 became the first of the Macedonian generals to take the royal title. In 301 he was defeated and killed by the combined armies of Seleucus and .GS68012. Silver 1/30th , 3729, -, VF, scuff, uneven , 0.530 g, maximum 8.92 mm, 0o, Babylon mint, 317 - 311 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; MYP in wreath over XA on left, club, bow and quiver; $190.00 (€165.30)
, Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C.
Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. Philip was attractive and charismatic as a young man. A dashing and courageous warrior, he was inevitably compared to Alexander the Great and was nicknamed the darling of all . -- , the free encyclopediaGB90418. Bronze AE 23, 1146 ff., 1071, 229, -, F, 9.105 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 0o, Macedonian mint, 221 - 179 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; standing left, brandishing javelin in right, in left, B − A (BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Alexander) flanking below arms, IΠ center right , Φ - I (Philip) flanking at feet; ; $180.00 (€156.60)
, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of
Sear describes the of this as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of ."CE71314. Silver , 195, 920, 1479, 212, VF, 14.421 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 270o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; almost plain, highly degraded of right in scalp headdress; crude figure of Zeus seated left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, blundered imitation of a on right, I under throne; $180.00 (€156.60)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopediaSH73070. Silver , 1813, 262, VF, porous, a little flatly struck, 3.875 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 315o, Kolophon mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, crescent horns left in left , Π under throne; $180.00 (€156.60)
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