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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>HellenisticMonarchies>MacedonianKingdom PAGE 1/8123»»»

Macedonian Kingdom


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus or Antigonus II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Unpublished in the standard references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely rare and important drachm known to Forum. Both specimens were struck with the same reverse die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very rare issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, ANSMN 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at Pella circa 272 (see R. W. Mathisen, Antigonus Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, ANSMN 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique drachm has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the Pella mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the style of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown drachm of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of style, which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."

There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Roma Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.
SH71048. Silver drachm, unpublished in standard refs; cf. Roma Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, reverse struck a bit flat, weight 3.845 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Greece or Macedonia mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely rare, only two know specimen; $2500.00 (€1875.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Without control symbols, attribution is made by comparing the fabric and style to attributed examples. We did not find any examples in our references similar enough to confidently identify the mint or date of this coin.
SH90222. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Price 844, Müller Alexander -, Choice aEF, scratch behind Herakles ear, weight 16.884 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, posthumous, c. 310 - 275 B.C.(?); obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, throne with high back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, no control symbols; ex Savoca Coins (Munich); rare; $600.00 (€450.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Possibly a lifetime issue!

Henri De La Tour (1855-1913) was Librarian of the Department of Medals and Antiques at the Bibliothèque nationale de France and author of dozens of numismatic works. His monumental Atlas des monnaies gauloises, the first major reference for Celtic coins, continues to be a primary reference to this day.
SH71154. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3426. Müller Alexander 1375, Demanhur Hoard 3624 - 3652, SNG München 744, SNG Cop 805, SNG Locket 1454, aEF, bold high relief, superb style, toned, slightly off center, scratch on cheek, weight 16.973 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Byblos mint, c. 330 - 320 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, A∆PA monogram left (off flan); ex Hess Divo AG, auction 314, lot 1083, ex De La Tour Collection; $600.00 (€450.00)

Pamphylia (Uncertain City), 220 - 180 B.C., Civic Coinage in the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo Before the Battle of Magnesia, in 190 B.C., Pamphylia was under Seleukid rule; after it was added to the dominions of the kings of Pergamum. Under both kingdoms, the Greek cities of Pamphylia had considerable autonomy and issued their own coinage, including Alexandrine type tetradrachms. On the death of Attalus III in 133 B.C., Pamphylia, with the rest of his kingdom, passed to the Roman Republic.
SH90964. Silver tetradrachm, Price 2982, Maktepini Hoard 719 - 722, SNG Berry 305, SNG Ashmolean 3178, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG München -, SNG Saroglos -, VF, well centered on a broad flan, weight 16.686 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 315o, Pamphylia, uncertain mint, c. 220 - 180 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, throne with high back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, no control symbols; $580.00 (€435.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Lifetime style and possibly a lifetime issue!
SH70990. Silver tetradrachm, Price 236, Müller Alexander 1397, Meydancikkale 487- 488, VF, weight 17.170 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Pella mint, c. 325 - 315 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion skin headdress; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, ΣI in left field; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 220, part of lot 1985; $490.00 (€367.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo There are a number of coins in the articles of Prokesh-Osten that Price could not verify. These coins, including this type, were omitted from Price's catalog, but were listed in his concordance on pp. 535 - 540.
SH90206. Silver tetradrachm, Prokesh-Osten p. 47, 210; Price - (but see p. 537), Hersh -, Müller Alexander -, Meydancikkale -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, et al. -, F, burnished areas, weight 16.560 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 90o, Pella mint, posthumous, c. 276 - 274 B.C.(?); obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, bunch of grapes with tendril right, A below throne; ex CNG auction 324, part of lot 690; very rare; $360.00 (€270.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Struck under Antipater, Polyperchon, or Kassander. While Alexander was conquering the East, he left Antipater behind as regent of Macedonia and general (strategos) of Europe. Alexander decided to remove Antipater in 323, but died soon after and Antipater retained his position. There were rumors that Antipater was responsible for Alexander's death. The new regent, Perdiccas also decided to remove Antipater, but Perdiccas was murdered and Antipater again retained his position. In 321 Antipater appointed himself supreme regent of all Alexander's empire. In 320, Polyperchon was made regent in Macedonia when Antipater left for Asia Minor to assert his authority as supreme regent for the entire empire. Upon Antipater's death in 319, Polyperchon was made supreme regent of the empire. Antipater's son Kassander, who was to have been Polyperchon's chief lieutenant, rebelled. Polyperchon was defeated in the civil war and Kassander declared himself supreme regent in 317.
SH90966. Silver tetradrachm, Price 205, Müller Alexander 507, Demanhur 1595 - 1596, Moore Pella 18 - 22, VF, high relief, toned, obverse off center, marks and scratches, weight 16.958 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, c. 325 - 315 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left on backless throne, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, large bee in left field, nothing below throne; rare; $340.00 (€255.00)

Alabanda, Caria, c. 162 - 161 B.C., Civic Coinage in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo Alabanda was on the river Marsyas, about twenty miles south of its confluence with the Maeander. It allied with Rome in the war against Philip V of Macedon, c. 197 B.C. Antiochus III took it soon after and renamed it Antiocheia until his defeat in 190 B.C. at the battle of Magnesia. Price dated this series of Alexandrine tetradrachms beginning in 173 B.C. and ending in 167 B.C., when Alabanda was defeated after invading Rhodian territory. Cohen begins the era in 167 B.C., after Caria and Lycia were declared free by the Roman Senate.
SH71159. Silver tetradrachm, Price 2466, SNG Cop 757, Müller Alexander 1148, Tel Kotechek 517 ff., Cohen Dated 311, VF, toned, weight 16.478 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alabanda mint, c. 162 - 161 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left, Pegasus on left flying left, [ (year 6) under throne; ex Münzen & Medaillen auction 32 (26 May 2010), lot 41; $340.00 (€255.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander, Regent 317 - 305 B.C., King 305 - 298 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander III
Click for a larger photo Son of the regent Antipater, but not his heir, Kassander seized power from Polyperchon after his father's death. He had no intention of surrendering rule to Alexander's son, who was to be king when he came of age. In 311 B.C., Kassander had Alexander's 12-year old son and the boy's mother, Roxane, executed. In 305 B.C., he declared himself king of Macedonia. Kassander struck bronze coinage in his own name, but he struck silver coinage in the name and types of Alexander the Great.
SH90204. Silver tetradrachm, Price 468, Müller Alexander 60, SNG Cop 697, SNG Saroglos 306, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, centered, toned, small spots of dark toning, weight 17.018 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 135o, Amphipolis mint, c. 315 - 294 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, L over race torch left, kantharos under throne; ex CNG auction 324, part of lot 690; $310.00 (€232.50)

Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, c. 344 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo After 344, Larissa fell under Macedonian rule. The horse was an appropriate symbol of Thessaly, a land of plains, which was well-known for its horses.
SH59930. Bronze tetrachalkon, BCD Thessaly 2012 329, Rogers 278, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, BMC -, VF, weight 8.663 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Larissa mint, c. 344 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of the nymph Larissa facing slighly left, wearing necklace, drop earrings, and ampyx; reverse ΛAPI−Σ/AIΩN, bridled horse trotting right without rider, trident below pointing upwards and left; rare; $240.00 (€180.00)



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REFERENCES

Arena, V. "New Acquisitions at the British Museum: additions to Price, Alexander, and the 1870 Larnaca Hoard" in NC 2003.
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (CNG, Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Duyrat, F. Arados Hellénistique: Étude historique et monétaire. (Beirut, 2005).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935).
Head, B. V. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Hersh, C. "Additions and Corrections to Martin J. Price's 'The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus'" in Studies Price.
Houghton, A.; C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008).
Le Rider, G. Alexander the Great: Coinage, Finances, and Policy. (Philadelphia, 2007).
Liampi, K. "A Hoard of Bronze Coins of Alexander the Great" in Studies Price.
Liampi. K. "Zur Chronologie der sogenannten 'anonymen' mekedonischen Münzen des späten 4. Jhs. v. Chr." in JNG XXXVI. (1986).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
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Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Müller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Polk, R.S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, the Ptolemies, Kings of Egypt. (London, 1882).
Prieur, M. and K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer. Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1984).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Makedonien - Könige, 10/11 Heft. (Berlin, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece II, The Alpha Bank Collection, Macedonia I: Alexander I - Perseus. (Athens, 2000).
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von Prokesh-Osten, A. "Liste des Alexandres de ma collection qui ne se trouvent pas dans le catalogue de Mr. L. Müller" in NZ 1 (Constantinople, 1869). pp. 31 - 64.
von Prokesh-Osten, A. "Suite des monnaies inédites d'or et d'argent d'Alexandre le Grand" in NZ 3 (Constantinople, 1873). pp. 51 - 72.
Wartenberg, U. & J.H. Kagan, "Some Comments on a New Hoard from the Balkan Sea" in Travaux Le Rider.

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 22, 2014.
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Coins of the Macedonian Kingdom