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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>HellenisticMonarchies>MacedonianKingdom PAGE 1/6123»»»

Macedonian Kingdom


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Philip III Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa, was Alexander the Great's half-brother. Alexander's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made king upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. Olympias had him imprisoned and then ordered his execution in 317 B.C.
SH72613. Gold stater, Price P90, ADM I 228 - 230, Müller Alexander -, SNG Cop -, EF, lovely Hellenistic style, mint luster, weight 8.579 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a coiled snake, wearing necklace and long drop earring; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Nike standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded stylis in left at her side, TI left, rose left under wing; ex Roma Numismatics auction 8, lot 470; $5800.00 (€4350.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus or Antigonus II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Unpublished in the standard references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely rare and important drachm known to Forum. Both specimens were struck with the same reverse die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very rare issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, ANSMN 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at Pella circa 272 (see R. W. Mathisen, Antigonus Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, ANSMN 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique drachm has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the Pella mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the style of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown drachm of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of style, which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."

There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Roma Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.
SH71048. Silver drachm, unpublished in standard refs; cf. Roma Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, reverse struck a bit flat, weight 3.845 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Greece or Macedonia mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely rare, only two know specimen; $2500.00 (€1875.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 315 B.C., Types of Philip II
Click for a larger photo Philip II coin types remained prominent in the northern regions of the Macedonian Kingdom long after his death. This coin was struck after Alexander's death when the kingdom was nominally ruled by Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother Philip III Arrhidaeus, son of Philip II and Philinna, and Alexander IV, the great conqueror's young son. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only used them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
SH72301. Silver tetradrachm, Le Rider p. 68 and pl. 22, 530 (D281/R437); SNG Lockett 1414, SNG ANS 450 var (shield under foreleg), SNG Alpha Bank 276 var (same), SNG Saroglos -, aEF, excellent centering, graffiti, weight 13.299 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 135o, Pella mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, nude youth pacing right on horseback, palm frond in right, reins in left, coiled snake below, Boeotian shield in exergue; $1700.00 (€1275.00)

Pamphylia (Uncertain City), 220 - 180 B.C., Civic Coinage in the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo Before the Battle of Magnesia, in 190 B.C., Pamphylia was under Seleukid rule; after it was added to the dominions of the kings of Pergamum. Under both kingdoms, the Greek cities of Pamphylia had considerable autonomy and issued their own coinage, including Alexandrine type tetradrachms. On the death of Attalus III in 133 B.C., Pamphylia, with the rest of his kingdom, passed to the Roman Republic.
SH90964. Silver tetradrachm, Price 2982, Maktepini Hoard 719 - 722, SNG Berry 305, SNG Ashmolean 3178, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG München -, SNG Saroglos -, VF, well centered on a broad flan, weight 16.686 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 315o, Pamphylia, uncertain mint, c. 220 - 180 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, throne with high back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, no control symbols; $580.00 (€435.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Lifetime style and possibly a lifetime issue!
SH70990. Silver tetradrachm, Price 236, Müller Alexander 1397, Meydancikkale 487- 488, VF, weight 17.170 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Pella mint, c. 325 - 315 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion skin headdress; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, ΣI in left field; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 220, part of lot 1985; $490.00 (€367.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo There are a number of coins in the articles of Prokesh-Osten that Price could not verify. These coins, including this type, were omitted from Price's catalog, but were listed in his concordance on pp. 535 - 540.
SH90206. Silver tetradrachm, Prokesh-Osten p. 47, 210; Price - (but see p. 537), Hersh -, Müller Alexander -, Meydancikkale -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, et al. -, F, burnished areas, weight 16.560 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 90o, Pella mint, posthumous, c. 276 - 274 B.C.(?); obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, bunch of grapes with tendril right, A below throne; ex CNG auction 324, part of lot 690; very rare; $360.00 (€270.00)

Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, c. 344 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo After 344, Larissa fell under Macedonian rule. The horse was an appropriate symbol of Thessaly, a land of plains, which was well-known for its horses.
SH59930. Bronze tetrachalkon, BCD Thessaly 2012 329, Rogers 278, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, BMC -, VF, weight 8.663 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Larissa mint, c. 344 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of the nymph Larissa facing slighly left, wearing necklace, drop earrings, and ampyx; reverse ΛAPI−Σ/AIΩN, bridled horse trotting right without rider, trident below pointing upwards and left; rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SH71607. Silver drachm, Price 1413, Müller Alexander 1676, SNG Berry 222, ADM II Series XII, gVF, toned, weight 4.117 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 315o, Mysia, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, ΓH monogram in left field, ME monogram under throne; $240.00 (€180.00)

Paroreia, Macedonia, c. 185 - 168 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Macedonian kingdom was administered with a three-level pyramidal organization: on the top was the King and the nation, the kingdom was divided into districts, and within the districts were the civic organizations (cities and éthne). This civic coin was struck by the City of Paroreia during the years just prior to the Macedonian Kingdom's fall to Rome.
GB63726. Bronze AE 20, BMC Macedonia, p. 15, 61 (or similar); SNG Cop 255 (same), gVF, weight 9.344 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 225o, Paroreia mint, c. 185 - 168 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right; reverse eagle standing right on thunderbolt, uncertain monogram or symbol upper right, ΠAP monogram right; $195.00 (€146.25)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, as Satrap of Babylonia, 317 - 311 B.C.
Click for a larger photo A rare denomination struck only at the Babylon mint.

When Alexander's empire was divided, his general Seleucus received the satrapy of Babylonia. From about 317 to about 311 B.C., however, Antigonus I Monophthalmus (The "One-Eyed") took over as ruler of all Mesopotamia. Seleucus took refuge with Ptolemy of Egypt and with his aid was able to reenter Babylon in 312 B.C. In 306 Antigonus became the first of the Macedonian generals to take the royal title. In 301 he was defeated and killed by the combined armies of Seleucus and Lysimachus.
GS68012. Silver 1/30th tetradrachm, Price 3729, Müller Alexander -, VF, reverse scuff, uneven toning, weight 0.530 g, maximum diameter 8.92 mm, die axis 0o, Babylon mint, 317 - 311 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse MYP monogram in wreath over XA monogram on left, club, bow and quiver; $190.00 (€142.50)



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REFERENCES

Arena, V. "New Acquisitions at the British Museum: additions to Price, Alexander, and the 1870 Larnaca Hoard" in NC 2003.
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (CNG, Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Duyrat, F. Arados Hellénistique: Étude historique et monétaire. (Beirut, 2005).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935).
Head, B. V. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Hersh, C. "Additions and Corrections to Martin J. Price's 'The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus'" in Studies Price.
Houghton, A.; C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008).
Le Rider, G. Alexander the Great: Coinage, Finances, and Policy. (Philadelphia, 2007).
Liampi, K. "A Hoard of Bronze Coins of Alexander the Great" in Studies Price.
Liampi. K. "Zur Chronologie der sogenannten 'anonymen' mekedonischen Münzen des späten 4. Jhs. v. Chr." in JNG XXXVI. (1986).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Mildenberg, L. and S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Müller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Polk, R.S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, the Ptolemies, Kings of Egypt. (London, 1882).
Prieur, M. and K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
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Svoronos, J. Ta Nomismata tou Kratous ton Ptolemaion. (Athens, 1904-08).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer. Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1984).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Makedonien - Könige, 10/11 Heft. (Berlin, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece II, The Alpha Bank Collection, Macedonia I: Alexander I - Perseus. (Athens, 2000).
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von Prokesh-Osten, A. "Liste des Alexandres de ma collection qui ne se trouvent pas dans le catalogue de Mr. L. Müller" in NZ 1 (Constantinople, 1869). pp. 31 - 64.
von Prokesh-Osten, A. "Suite des monnaies inédites d'or et d'argent d'Alexandre le Grand" in NZ 3 (Constantinople, 1873). pp. 51 - 72.
Wartenberg, U. & J.H. Kagan, "Some Comments on a New Hoard from the Balkan Sea" in Travaux Le Rider.

Catalog current as of Saturday, December 20, 2014.
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Coins of the Macedonian Kingdom