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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>HellenisticMonarchies>MacedonianKingdom PAGE 1/8123»»»

Macedonian Kingdom


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The period 285 - 275 B.C. was chaotic for Macedonia. In 286 B.C., Lysimachos took Pella from Pyrrhus. In 281, Seleucus defeated and killed Lysimachus but before he could claim Macedonia as his prize, Ptolemy Keraunos, the son of Ptolemy, murdered him and seized the throne. Antigonus marched north to take the throne but Keraunos defeated him. In 279 B.C. a great horde of Gauls descended on Macedonia, crushed Keraunos' army, and killed him in battle. Two years of complete anarchy followed. After plundering Macedonia, the Gauls invaded Greece, but in 278 B.C. a Greek army forced them to retreat to Thrace. In 277, Antigonus beached his ships near Lysimachia, abandoned his camp, and concealed his men for an ambush. The Gauls, as expected, came to loot his camp and attack the ships. Antigonus' army trapped them with the sea to their rear and inflicted a crushing defeat. Antigonus' then claimed the Macedonian throne.
SH63693. Silver tetradrachm, Price 565, Müller Alexander 953, VF, nice style, weight 16.808 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, posthumous, c. 285 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, legs crossed, right leg drawn back, oenochoe under throne; $500.00 (€375.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus , 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
GS58976. Silver drachm, Price 1797, EF, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Kolophon mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, long scepter vertical in left, right leg drawn back, N left; $400.00 (€300.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the Nemean lion over his head. The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
SH60155. Silver tetradrachm, Price 447, VF, weight 16.848 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 90o, Amphipolis mint, posthumous, c. 315 - 294 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆P[OY], Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, long scepter vertical in left, right leg drawn back, Λ over torch in left field, monogram under throne; $290.00 (€217.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander, 319 - 297 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Antipater's son but not his heir, Kassander seized power. He had no intention of surrendering rule to Alexander's son, who was to be king when he came of age. In 309 B.C., Kassander had Alexander's young son and the boy's mother, Roxane, murdered. In 305 B.C., he declared himself king of Macedonia.
SH67612. Bronze AE 19, SNG Alpha Bank 895 - 896, cf. SNG Cop 1162 (ΛE monogram), gVF, weight 6.545 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Macedonian mint, 306 - 297 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse KAΣΣAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, tripod lebes, lion paw feet, palm frond on frame above, AE monogram outer left, caduceus outer right; $250.00 (€187.50)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This rare issue is the only type from the entire series of Alexander the Great tetradrachms with Zeus seated on a cushioned throne.
SH58222. Silver tetradrachm, Price 2143, Müller Alexander 1136, Thompson-Bellinger 245 - 252, F, weight 16.749 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Miletus mint, posthumous, c 300 - 295 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on cushioned throne, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, ΣTPO monogram left, double axe under throne; $240.00 (€180.00)

Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, c. 344 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo After 344, Larissa fell under Macedonian rule. The horse was an appropriate symbol of Thessaly, a land of plains, which was well-known for its horses.
SH59930. Bronze tetrachalkon, BCD Thessaly 2012 329, Rogers 278, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, BMC -, VF, weight 8.663 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Larissa mint, c. 344 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of the nymph Larissa facing slighly left, wearing necklace, drop earrings, and ampyx; reverse ΛAPI−Σ/AIΩN, bridled horse trotting right without rider, trident below pointing upwards and left; rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus , as Satrap of Babylonia, 317 - 311 B.C.
Click for a larger photo A rare denomination struck only at the Babylon mint.

When Alexander's empire was divided, his general Seleucus received the satrapy of Babylonia. From about 317 to about 311 B.C., however, Antigonus I Monophthalmus (The "One-Eyed") took over as ruler of all Mesopotamia. Seleucus took refuge with Ptolemy of Egypt and with his aid was able to reenter Babylon in 312 B.C. In 306 Antigonus became the first of the Macedonian generals to take the royal title. In 301 he was defeated and killed by the combined armies of Seleucus and Lysimachus.
GS68012. Silver 1/30th tetradrachm, Price 3729, Müller Alexander -, VF, reverse scuff, uneven toning, weight 0.530 g, maximum diameter 8.92 mm, die axis 0o, Babylon mint, 317 - 311 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse MYP monogram in wreath over XA monogram on left, club, bow and quiver; $240.00 (€180.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Philip III Arrhidaeus was the half-brother of Alexander the Great and the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Upon the death of Alexander he was elected king by the Macedonian Army. He was, however, mentally disabled, incapable of rule and imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia. Power was divided among his advisers and Alexander's generals. In 317 B.C., he was executed under orders of Olympias, Alexander's mother.
SH68659. Silver tetradrachm, Price P1120, aVF, high relief, tight flan cutting off chin and tip of nose, weight 17.171 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 90o, Pamphylia, Side mint, 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY (all downward on right), Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical in left, monogram under throne; $225.00 (€168.75)

Paroreia, Macedonia, c. 185 - 168 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Macedonian kingdom was administered with a three-level pyramidal organization: on the top was the King and the nation, the kingdom was divided into districts, and within the districts were the civic organizations (cities and éthne). This civic coin was struck by the City of Paroreia during the years just prior to the Macedonian Kingdom's fall to Rome.
GB63726. Bronze AE 20, BMC Macedonia, p. 15, 61 (or similar); SNG Cop 255 (same), gVF, weight 9.344 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 225o, Paroreia mint, c. 185 - 168 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right; reverse eagle standing right on thunderbolt, uncertain monogram or symbol upper right, ΠAP monogram right; $220.00 (€165.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Pyrrhus of Epirus, 287 - 285 B.C. and 274 - 273 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 279 B.C., Pyrrhus' forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in Apulia. Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his victory, he famously replied: "Another such victory and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrric victory, a victory achieved at ruinous cost.
GB69894. Bronze AE 17, SNG Alpha Bank 970, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, SNG Saroglos -, SNG Dreer -, AMNG III -, BMC Macedonia -, VF, weight 3.652 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 135o, uncertain Macedonian mint, obverse Macedonian shield with ΠYP (Pyrrhus) monogram in boss; reverse Macedonian helmet without crest, BAΣI below, all within oak wreath; very rare; $220.00 (€165.00)



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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A. R. "Philippi in Macedonia" in ANSMN 11 (1964).
Gaebler, Hugo. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1906).
Hersh, C. "Additions and Corrections to Martin J. Price’s ‘The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus’" in Studies Price.
Le Rider, G. Le monnayage d’ argent et d’ or de Philippe II frappé en Macédoine de 359 à 294. (Paris 1977).
Le Rider, G. Monnayage et finances de Philippe II. Un état de la question. (Athens, 1996).
Mamroth, A. "Die Bronzemünzen des Königs Philippos V. von Makedonien" in ZfN 42. (1935).
Mamroth, A. "Die Silbermünzen des Königs Perseus" in ZfN 38. (1928).
Mamroth, A. "Die Silbermünzen des Königs Philippos V. von Makedonien" in ZfN 40. (1930).
Mørkholm, O. Early Hellenistic Coinage. From the Accession of Alexander to the Peace of Apamea (336-188 BC). (Cambridge, 1991).
Newell. E.T. The Coinage of Demetrius Poliorcetes. (London, 1927).
Price, M. J. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. Vol. 1-2. (Zurich - London, 1991).
Sear, David. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer. Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1984).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Makedonien - Könige, 10/11 Heft. (Berlin, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 3: Macedonia. (London, 1976).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece II. The Alpha Bank Collection, Macedonia I: Alexander I - Perseus. (Athens, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 8: Macedonia 2 (Alexander I - Philip II). (New York, 1994).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Wartenberg, U. & J.H. Kagan, "Some Comments on a New Hoard from the Balkan Sea" in Travaux Le Rider.

Catalog current as of Friday, April 18, 2014.
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Coins of the Macedonian Kingdom