, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This is the rarest and one of the rarest 1st century Roman . Only two museums, and ANS, hold examples. A further specimen was found in archeological context in Denmark in 1990s. Besides these, four additional specimens are known. This coin has the best portrait and is clearly the most attractive of the seven known. Jyrki Muona obtained it in 2002 at the NYINC from Glenn .
minted three separate issues. The first and second issues followed Galba's of 90% silver. Otho's third issue was debased to 80% silver. All coins of the third issue share the , perhaps to make it easy to distinguish the debased coins. One might think our coin is a error for Otho's third issue, . However, as have shown, this is not the case. If was a simple error, the would be 80% silver. This was struck in a second issue of 90% silver flans, probably during planning for the third issue, and perhaps only for testing. The was apparently not distributed, and was withdrawn, and melted when it was decided to debase the coinage and use the . It appears a small number were released, most likely by mistake.
RS85563. Silver , 10b; 6; 1958.217.1; 1; 1 (R3, 7 spec. known, all minted with the same die-pair), Nice VF, the best portrait and most attractive of the seven known specimens, light rose , a few light marks and spots of , 3.272 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP AVG TRP, right; , standing left, grain-ears raised in right hand, in left hand; rarest ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Glenn (NYINC, 2002); $5000.00 (€4450.00)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., ,
Nomos described this coin as, "An extraordinary piece, especially with remains of its original silver plating. Some marks from cleaning, otherwise, about ."
SH85458. , okatassarion or ; 784; 1721 (R8); I, p. 419, 358 (R6); 5428 (all same dies), aEF, cleaning marks, areas of light corrosion, 38.718 g, maximum 40.8 mm, 15o, mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; AYT K M AYPΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and three-quarter length of left; MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC NEΩ KOPOY, youthful Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin draped around his left forearm, resting his right hand on the of a club set on the ground and holding an in his left hand; ex Nomos AG, auction 10 (18 May 2015), lot 115 (realized approximately $4686 including buyers fee); extremely ; $3400.00 (€3026.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
Gaius Licinius Mucianus (named on this coin) was governor of . When he failed to put down the Jewish revolt, was sent to replace him. After the death of , Mucianus and both swore allegiance to . Mucianus persuaded to take up arms against , who had seized the throne. They agreed would settle affairs in the East, while Mucianus made would attack . On his way to , Mucianus defeated a Dacian invasion of . Mucianus reached the day after Vitellius' death. Mucianus never wavered in his allegiance to and was appointed consul for the third time in 72. As no mention is made of Mucianus during the reigns of or , he probably died during the reign of .
RP85562. Bronze AE 28, 319 (ex. , same dies), cf. RPC 4316 (not specifying direction), aVF, nice portrait, dark with buff earthen highlighting, spots of light corrosion, mostly weak or off , 11.757 g, maximum 27.9 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; [IMP M OT]-HO - [CAE AVG] (counterclockwise from upper left), laureate right, dot in behind; EΠI / MOYKIA/NOY AN/TIOXEΩ/N ET ZIP (legate Mucianus, of Antioch, year 117) in five lines within a linear in a laurel ; this variant with a counterclockwise is extremely ; ex Gemini auction XIII (6 Apr 2017), lot 158, ex Jyrki Muona Collection; $2250.00 (€2002.50)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The first mint portrait , and a highly sought after .
SH84794. , 33; p. 152, 36; 47; 4; 1800, gF, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, worn and scraped on high points, bumps and scratches, 27.881 g, maximum 35.6 mm, 180o, mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; IVLIA, the three sisters of standing, in the guises of , , and , S C ( ) in ; ; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The on the is the corona civica, the oak awarded to Roman citizens ex (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with , who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
SH85460. , 37, 38, 24, 50, -, VF, and struck, 25.486 g, maximum 35.9 mm, 180o, mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; / P P / OB CIVES / in four lines within Corona Civica oak ; ex Stack's, Bowers, and Ponterio, 30 Oct 2014, Baltimore Auction, lot 242; ; $1620.00 (€1441.80)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman Empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).
SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
ruled for just a few months. The mint of struck coins with his name, though the portrait bears little resemblance to those of the other mints. It is possible that produced coins without having an image of the new emperor.RP84745. Bronze , 5364 (3 spec.); 257; 336; 26, 217; 376; 710; 18.13; 189 (R4); -, F, attractive brown tone, , light scratches, , 16.768 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, mint, 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, beveled edge; of right, wearing papyrus diadem, behind right shoulder, date LA (year 1) before; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The cistophorus was first struck by the was a (four-drachms coin) struck on a reduced Asian of about 3 grams per . Its name was derived from the cista, a Dionysian cult snake basket that frequently appeared on the . After the was bequeathed to in 133 B.C., the Romans continued to strike for the province, with a value equal to three . The portrait of and later emperors replaced the cista on the .SH85434. Silver , Group VI, 2215, 479, 33, 922, 694, East 262, 1587, VF, full circles strike on a broad , light uneven , light encrustations, small closed edge crack, 11.660 g, maximum 27.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 24 - 20 B.C.; IMP CAE-SAR (counterclockwise below), right, linear ; garlanded and filleted of ( , ornamented on the front with two hinds standing , above; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .
SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1170.00 (€1041.30)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Odessos, Inferior
As first noticed by in the Catalogue, the die of this coin was also used to strike medallions for Marcianopolis and Tomis (see Marcianopolis 1098 note).
SH85459. Bronze , hexassarion; 4434 (R8, same dies), I/II 2315 (4 specimens), EF, nice dark green , on a broad , marks and scratches, 25.655 g, maximum 36.8 mm, 180o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆-IANOC AVΓ, , draped, left, almost half-length, seen from front, raising right hand in greeting, globe in left hand; O∆HC-C-EITON, On the left, Hygeia standing right, holding in her left hand from which she feeds snake held in her right; to right, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined staff in his right hand; ex Stack's NYINC auction (9 Jan 2015), lot 261; ex Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (25 Sep 2013), lot 23297; ex Heritage-Gemini (14 Apr 2011), lot 406; $1000.00 (€890.00)
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