, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This is the rarest and one of the rarest 1st century Roman . Only two museums, and ANS, hold examples. A further specimen was found in archeological context in Denmark in 1990s. Besides these, four additional specimens are known. This coin has the best portrait and is clearly the most attractive of the seven known. Jyrki Muona obtained it in 2002 at the NYINC from Glenn .
minted three separate issues. The first and second issues followed Galba's of 90% silver. Otho's third issue was debased to 80% silver. All coins of the third issue share the , perhaps to make it easy to distinguish the debased coins. One might think our coin is simply a error for Otho's third issue, . However, as have shown, this is not the case. If was a simple error, the would be 80% silver. This was struck on second issue 90% silver flans, probably during planning for the third issue, and perhaps only for testing. The was apparently not distributed, and was withdrawn, and melted when it was decided to debase the coinage and use the . It appears a small number were released, most likely by mistake.SH79667. Silver , 10b; 6; 1958.217.1; 1; 1 (7 spec. known, all minted with the same die-pair), Nice VF, the best portrait and most attractive of the seven known specimens, light rose , a few light marks and spots of , 3.273 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP AVG TRP, right; , standing left, grain-ears raised in right hand, in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $10000.00 (€8900.00)
, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
Vitellius' children, portrayed on this , thought to have been named and , were born to his second wife, Galeria Fundana. When was made emperor by the senate, his son, who was about six years old, was sent to to meet him upon his arrival from Germany. The boy may have perished with his father, others say he was executed in 70, on orders of the praetorian prefect Licinius Mucianus. arranged an excellent marriage for Vitellius' daughter and provided her with a wedding gown and dowry. had another son, Petronianus, by his first wife. He died long before became emperor. It was widely believed that had poisoned him.SH77008. Silver , 103, 2, 29, 62, -, -, attractive gVF, , old cabinet , as usual for the , light marks and scratches, closed , 3.208 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, late Apr - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; A IMP TR P, laureate right; IMP GERMAN, draped busts of Vitellius' son (on left) and daughter (thought to have been named and ); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very ; $8000.00 (€7120.00)
, of , 359 - 336 B.C.
expanded the size and influence of the , but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.SH70337. Gold , 341 (D152/R260), 154, gVF, attractive , perfect centering, light marks, 8.513 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 340 - 328 B.C.; laureate of right; charioteer in right, trident below horses, ΦIΛIΠΠOY in ; $5500.00 (€4895.00)
Lot of 10 Constantine the Great
The abbreviates, Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous to the eternal Prince." on the abbreviates, Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."LT77414. Lot, lot of 10 , c. 17.5mm , various mints, aVF - VF, all nice examples, c. 318 - 320 A.D.; IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG (or similar), laureate, helmeted and of Constantine the Great right; , two Victories holding inscribed VOT PR over , in ; unattributed, no tags or flips, actual coins in the photographs, , ; $2420.00 (€2153.80)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RS79818. Silver , Antioch 35 (R2), 338A, 17925, -, -, EF, , , nice surfaces with a few light marks, 3.152 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 30o, Antioch mint, c. 340 - 342 A.D.; pearl-diademed right, with eyes raised to heaven, no ; / XV / MVLTIS / XX in four lines within laurel with jewel at the top, tied at the bottom, ANT in ; very ; $2160.00 (€1922.40)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
Other than an undescribed photograph in , this is apparently unpublished. Although , it is in Southerland's unpublished addenda.SH72977. Silver , p. 24 (photograph, but not described!, same die), 94 var., 215 var., 50 var., -, S - (var. all SER IMP), VF, porous and pitted, edge scrape top left, 3.389 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 3 Apr - late 68 A.D.; IMPER (arcing left to right above), on horseback prancing left, bare-headed, wearing military garb, cloak flying behind, raising right hand in salute; (arcing downward on right), helmeted and draped of (valor, courage) right, crested helmet; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $2150.00 (€1913.50)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
II was daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses. When she gave birth to the first of many children she was given the title of Augusta, which for a time made her superior in rank to her husband. She was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns.SH77013. , MA1697 var. (throne without canopy, and S C across ), MA1568 var. (same), 54-6a, 7, VF, dark green with touches of red, 23.644 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 30o, Rome mint, struck under , c. 175 - 176 A.D.; , draped right; , seated left on throne with canopy, holding , between two female attendants (carrying her throne?) with veils flying above their heads, S C in ; ex XIX, lot 578; ex A.K. Collection; ex 164 (Nov 1975), lot 1141; very variety; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, Sister of , Mother of , Augusta 105 - c. 113 A.D.
, the eldest sister of the emperor , and mother of , was an accomplished woman. She lost her husband before her brother became emperor, and lived as a widow with Trajan's wife, , to whom she was united by the tenderest and most uninterrupted friendship. She an were awarded the title Augusta at the same time in 105. died c. 112 - 114 and received the honors of consecretation.SH79820. Silver , 650, 743, 758, 4, 719, VF, excellent portrait, , centered on a , 3.115 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 90o, Rome mint, struck under her brother , c. 112 - 114 A.D.; - , draped right, wearing and elaborate hairstyle; , , with spread wings, standing left, right; to date, after nearly two decades in business, this is the only coin of handled by ; very ; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
With this coin asserts that he has freedom, but this was empty propaganda. was notoriously cruel, sentenced many to death without trial, raised taxes, and rarely accepted requests for citizenship.RS72971. Silver , 7 (R2); 197, 4, 132, -, -, VF, lightly , lightly etched surfaces, 3.204 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, mint, April - late 68 A.D.; , laureate right; (liberty ), of right, hair knotted behind, wearing pearl necklace; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Artcoins auction 6 (10 Dec 2012), lot 800 (the one and only sale of this on Coin Archives); extremely ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Church.SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
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