, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.
The abbreviates Populusque Romanus Ob Cives , meaning "[Awarded by] the senate and the Roman people for saving citizens." The wreath on the is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded to Roman citizens ex (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with , who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
SH76407. Silver , 41 (R2), 87, 45, 59, 16, 1848, aEF, nice portrait, some die wear, nice surfaces with some light marks and areas of mild , 3.745 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 270o, ( , France) mint, 46 - 47 A.D.; TI AVG VI IMP XI, laureate right; / OB / C S in three lines within the Corona Civica, an oak wreath awarded "for saving the lives of citizens"; from the Jeff Michniak Collection, the first example of this handled by ; very ; $5500.00 (€4840.00)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
This is an extremely heroic variety of a . There is only one auction record on Coin Archives for this variety: NAC Auction 59 (4 Apr 2011), lot 968 (a beautiful near EF example). It sold for $48,717 including fees. SH73454. , 203q+2 (same obv die), 535 (S, no belt), 838 var (no belt), 565 var (no belt), VF, , high relief , , porous, areas of corrosion, 25.631 g, maximum 34.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 104 - 107 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate left, full chest exposed, with drapery on left shoulder, military belt ( ) across chest; , in military dress on horseback right, thrusting spear at Dacian warrior trampled and falling under fore-hooves, S C in ; extremely variety; $5000.00 (€4400.00)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
References disagree on who is the empress beside . Most simply say empress. Sear ( ) and Giard ( ) say the empress is Livia. says , but this is now dated to the time of Nero's marriage to . Nobody says it is his mother , because he had her murdered in 59 A.D. We think it is .
According to , was ambitious and ruthless. He reports that married to get close to and then, in turn, became Nero's favorite mistress, and then wife. She bore one daughter, Augusta, born on 21 January 63, who died at only four months of age. At the birth of , honored mother and child with the title of Augusta. According to Suetonius, while she was awaiting the birth of her second child in the summer of 65, she quarreled fiercely with over his spending too much time at the races. In a fit of rage, kicked her in the abdomen, causing her death.
RS72960. Silver , post reform; 45 (R), 54, 43 ( ), 201 (Livia), 24, 1940 (Livia), EF, excellent portrait, fantastic , 3.402 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 64 - 65 A.D.; , laureate right; , , on left, standing slightly left, and togate, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand; empress on right, standing left, veiled and draped, in right hand, double in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Imperial Coins; ; $3000.00 (€2640.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
SH75694. Silver , 19 (R2), 9, 6, 22, 2158, aEF, , die break on , flaw on , 3.526 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP , right; , standing left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex Sale XXVIII (5 Jan 2012), lot 1063; ; $2750.00 (€2420.00)
Athens, , , , c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by
After 1 March 86 B.C., was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for , either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and . The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY may refer to the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver , cf. 1293; pl. 78, 11; 1653; V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive , well struck, nicely , centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape , 16.581 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; helmeted of Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; owl standing right on on its side right, facing, MARKOY left, TAMIOY right, A on , all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; ; $2500.00 (€2200.00)
, 28 March - 2 June 193 A.D., Daughter of
, the only child of and , was made Augusta the day her father became emperor. She survived her father's downfall, but was stripped of her title and the details of her life thereafter are unknown. Due to the short reign of her father, coins of are extremely .SH72535. Silver , 10, 3, 14, VF, lightly , porous, 2.393 g, maximum 18.35 mm, 0o, Rome mint, first issue, 28 Mar - May(?) 93; AVG, draped right, hair in bun; HILAR TEMPOR, standing left, long branch in right hand, in left; ex CNG auction 337, lot 450; extremely (R4); $2400.00 (€2112.00)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
Other than an undescribed photograph in , this is apparently unpublished. Although , it is in Southerland's unpublished addenda.
SH72977. Silver , p. 24 (photograph, but not described!, same rev. die), 94 var., 215 var., 50 var., -, S - (var. all SER IMP), VF, porous and pitted, edge scrape top left, 3.389 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 3 Apr - late 68 A.D.; IMPER (arcing left to right above), on horseback prancing left, bare-headed, wearing military garb, cloak flying behind, raising right hand in salute; (arcing downward on right), helmeted and draped of (valor, courage) right, crested helmet; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $2400.00 (€2112.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
The on the probably indicates the beginning of a new age. claimed descent from the goddess . The small at the base of Venus' is symbolic of her divinity.
SH76401. Silver , 480/5b, 1071, 41, I Rome 4165, Sear Imperators 106a, 1412, aVF, nice portrait, light marks and scratches, die wear, small edge chip, 3.076 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 45o, Rome mint, moneyer P Sevullius , Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; IMP, wreathed of right, with eight rays behind; P SEPVLLIVS , standing left, in her left hand, long with a at base behind in her left hand; from the Jeff Michniak Collection; $1900.00 (€1672.00)
, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D., the Elder (His Father)
, depicted on the of this coin, was father of the emperor , a Roman senator, three times consul, and governor of from 35 to 39 A.D. In 36 A.D. fired , the infamous prefect of . A Samaritan, claiming to be Moses reincarnate, gathered an armed following. Pilate dispersed the crowd by killing some and taking many prisoners. After he executed the ringleaders, the Samaritans appealed to , complaining that Pilate's response was excessive. , agreed, sent Pilate back to Italy and appointed Marcellus. In support of and , invented arguments why the old rule that an uncle and his niece should not marry did not apply to the emperor. The new empress returned the favor. When was accused of high treason by the senator Junius , she made sure that exiled the accuser. died unexpectedly from a paralytic stroke and received a statue on the speaker's platform on the Roman , with the "Of unwavering loyalty to the emperor." His unwavering loyalty was later criticized by :
"The man, I am aware, had a bad name at Rome, and many a foul story was told of him. But in the government of provinces he acted with the virtue of ancient times. He returned and then, through fear of and intimacy with , degenerated into a servility so base that he is regarded by an after-generation as the of the most degrading adulation. The beginning of his career was forgotten in its end, and an old age of infamy effaced the virtues of youth." [ , Annals, 6.32; tr. A.J. Church and W.J. Brodribb]
SH72990. Silver , 77 (R), 3a, 26 var., 58 var., 14 var., 2237 var. (all var., ...IMP , Jul - Dec), gF, nice , nice metal and surfaces, 3.076 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. late Apr - Jul 69 A.D.; A GERMAN , laureate of right; L , laureate and draped of (the emperor's father) right, eagle-tipped to right; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Ritter (2010); missing from the British Museum, Bibliothèque nationale de France, and the Coin Cabinet at Glasgow!; very ; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.
was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of . After a reign of only 86 day he was murdered by mutinous guards.
SH72991. Silver , 13a, 25, 56, 7, 6048, EF, excellent portrait, , 3.180 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 1 Jan - 28 Mar 193 A.D.; P HELV AVG, laureate right; VOT TR P , standing left, veiled, sacrificing over lit from a in right; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very (R2); $1800.00 (€1584.00)
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