, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.
SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ in ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
Katane, , c. 405 - 402 B.C.
The oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, was also one of the young god's tutors. He was usually so drunk that he had to be supported by satyrs or carried by a donkey. When intoxicated, was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. The Phrygian Midas was eager to learn from and caught the old man by lacing a fountain from which often drank. shared with the a pessimistic philosophy: That the best thing for a man is not to be born, and if already born, to die as soon as possible. An alternative story was that when lost and wandering in , was rescued by peasants and taken to Midas, who treated him kindly. In return for Midas' hospitality, told him some tales and Midas, enchanted by ’ fictions, entertained him for five days and nights. Dionysus offered Midas a reward for his kindness towards , and Midas chose the power of turning everything he touched into gold.
GI84579. Silver , 554 (dies); III 1262; 103; p. 49, 43; 579 (R2); -, VF, extraordinary from the period of finest art, high relief , die wear, flaw (some restoration?) on the , 3.753 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Katane mint, c. 405 - 402 B.C.; facing of , bald, bearded, donkey ears; KATANAIΩN, of left wearing , olive leaf and berry behind, all within a shallow circular ; ex & Mosch auction 224 (13 Oct 2014), lot 54; ; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1950.00 (€1735.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $1810.00 (€1610.90)
, , 359 - 336 B.C.
is credited with the invention of the sarissa. Phillip drilled his soldiers, who initially detested the new weapon, to use these formidable pikes with two . The tight formation of the phalanx created a "wall of pikes" and the pike was so long that there were fully five rows of them projecting in front of the front rank of men—even if an enemy got past the first row, there were four more to stop him. The back rows bore their pikes angled upwards in readiness, which also deflected incoming arrows. The new tactic was unstoppable, and by the end of Philip's reign the previously fragile northern Greek kingdom of Macedon, once of the Hellenised periphery, controlled the whole of , and .
SH84019. Gold 1/4 , 49i (D34/R28), 101 (same dies), 219, 535 , -, gVF, die wear, small die break near nose, 2.10 g, maximum 9.8 mm, 180o, mint, 345 - 328 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress knotted at neck; thunderbolt above ΦIΛIΠΠOY, club over bow with string up below; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, , 360 - 340 B.C.
(the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . He was the leader of the Lokrian contingent during the Trojan War. He was called the "lesser" or "Locrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.
SH84346. Silver , 58, 491, 992 var. (no ), -, -, -, aVF/F, classical , high relief die, , light marks, light , 11.715 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Lokri Opuntii mint, 360 - 340 B.C.; of Demeter left, wreathed in grain, wearing drop earring; OΠONTIΩ−N, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, wearing Corinthian helmet, nude, short sword in right, broken spear on ground in background, palmette above right (control ) inside , eight-rayed (control symbol) lower right; ex Numismatics; $1450.00 (€1290.50)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $1210.00 (€1076.90)
Roman Civil Wars, Revolt of , Governor of Spain, April - June 68 A.D.
lived in for eight years. This coin was issued by as governor of Spain in revolt against . The is copied from Republican struck in 62 B.C. by the moneyer L. Scribonius Libo.SH63560. Silver , 9 (R4), 396, 9, 2072, F, , 3.515 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 225o, (?) mint, Apr - Jun 68 A.D.; , young female ( ) right, around forehead; ROM RENASC, standing right in military garb, on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped over left shoulder in left; bargain priced for this interesting R4 rarity implying the restoration of the Republic!, from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very (R4); $1170.00 (€1041.30)
Alaisa Archonidea, , c. 339 - 317 B.C.
Alaisa Archonidea was founded about 403 B.C. by Archonides II, the ruler of Erbita. He settled the town with a large number of mercenaries he had gathered for the war against Dionysios. Alaisa was taken by Rome in 263 B.C. It prospered as a free Roman town with a growing economy and a Roman-style .GI84574. Bronze , II p. 449, 1; 542; pl. 16, 190; 87 & pl. 5, 11 (Halaisa, 3 spec.); 190 (R2), aF/VF, green and red , 15.194 g, maximum 24.0 mm, 45o, Alaisa mint, 360-340 BC; AΛAIΣA, of Sikelia right, wearing ; Herakles advancing right, brandishing club overhead in right hand, bow in extended left hand, quiver on shoulder; nude but for skin on , over arm, and flying behind; ex & Mosch auction 216 (15 Oct 13), lot 2131 (sold for 500 euros, plus fees); very ; $800.00 (€712.00)
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