, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Struck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great.SH77066. Gold , 172, 105, aEF, mint luster, , high relief, strike, 8.580 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 327 - 325 B.C.; of right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake; AΛEΞAN∆POY, standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left hand, trident-head downward (control symbol) in left ; $5500.00 (€4840.00)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $2250.00 (€1980.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2250.00 (€1980.00)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened. SH70877. Silver , 509 (V268/R362), 162 (same dies), VF, attractive Arethusa, die worn, edge flaw, 16.852 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 270o, mint, c. 460 - 450 B.C.; charioteer driving slow right, reins in both , flying right above crowning horses, ketos swimming right in ; ΣYPAKOΣON, diademed of Arethusa right, hair rolled and tucked under diadem, wearing earring and necklace, four dolphins swimming around clockwise; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
Roman Civil Wars, Revolt of , Governor of Spain, April - June 68 A.D.
lived in for eight years. This coin was issued by as governor of Spain in revolt against . The is copied from Republican struck in 62 B.C. by the moneyer L. Scribonius Libo.SH63560. Silver , 9 (R4), 396, 9, 2072, F, , 3.515 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 225o, (?) mint, Apr - Jun 68 A.D.; , young female ( ) right, around forehead; ROM RENASC, standing right in military garb, on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped over left shoulder in left; bargain priced for this interesting R4 rarity implying the restoration of the Republic!, from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very (R4); $1300.00 (€1144.00)
Mytilene, , c. 377 - 326 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual was the hekte (1/6th ). Warwick noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH73442. hekte, Em. 99; 321; 1729; 1025; 1735; 5631, gVF, , minor die wear, 2.564 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 377 - 326 B.C.; of right, wearing wreath and , two stars flanking cap; of right in linear square; ex XVII (6 - 7 Jan 2015), lot 599; ex CNG auction 72 (14 Jun 2006), lot 714; $1300.00 (€1144.00)
Hellenistic Greek, Bronze Relief Ring Fragment, Anatolia, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
AS72537. 90 (nearly identical fragment!, bezel 21.1 x 17.3 x 4.5 mm), fragment, entire bezel present, only traces of the hoop remain, rough green , some corrosion, bezel 22.5 x 18.3 x 4.7 mm, high relief portrait of a woman facing left (perhaps a Ptolemaic queen), draped and wearing her hair in melon coiffure; $1250.00 (€1100.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus? treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $990.00 (€871.20)
, , c. 330 - 300 B.C.
Long used as a Hittite , was re-founded as a Greek colony by Miletus in the 7th century B.C. flourished as the Black Sea of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley. The city escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century B.C. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of . Lucullus conquered for Rome in 70 B.C., and established a Roman colony there, , in 47 B.C. It remained with the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantines). It was a of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rûm in 1214.SH75322. Silver , 1484; 772; 284, aEF, beautifully , , small die crack on , 4.975 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 90o, (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; of nymph left, hair in , wearing triple pendant earring and necklace; with in talons facing left, ∆IOY (magistrate's name) below wing, ΣINΩ below ; ex (2010), ex Baldwin & Sons, ; $850.00 (€748.00)
Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.SH72559. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, HGC 4 1597, 2526, VF, , high relief, test cuts, 17.117 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex (2007); $800.00 (€704.00)
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