the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
ruled for just a few months. The mint of struck coins with his name, though the portrait bears little resemblance to those of the other mints. It is possible that produced coins without having an image of the new emperor.RP84745. Bronze , 5364 (3 spec.); 257; 336; 26, 217; 376; 710; 18.13; 189 (R4); -, F, attractive brown tone, , light scratches, , 16.768 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, mint, 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, beveled edge; of right, wearing papyrus diadem, behind right shoulder, date LA (year 1) before; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by Rome to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $750.00 (€667.50)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus' treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $640.00 (€569.60)
, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.SH79967. Bronze AE 24, III 645, 1170, 980, -, -, -, -, F, green , pitting, 9.487 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 105 - 129 A.D.; CEBACTH ΠΛWTEINA, draped right; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left, in right hand; very ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis,
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $580.00 (€516.20)
, Roman Rule, Aesillas, 90 - 75 B.C.
This was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and of the Roman .SH77215. Silver , Group VI, 223; 1330; 3305; 1439, VF, nice , light , die wear, 14.921 g, maximum 28.3 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 90 - 75 B.C.; of Alexander the Great right with horn of and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair ( ), all within laurel , pellet at end of Q; $500.00 (€445.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
This variety with a on the is much rarer than the same without this control symbol. RPC reports only 5 specimens with the and 17 specimens without it. This variety is missing from the important collections in Cologne, , and , and we know of only one example offered at auction in the past two decades (CNG 76, 12 Sep 2007, lot 3152, VF, $430 plus fees).RP84748. , 359; 5354 (5 spec.); 327; p. 25, 208; 238; 18.6; 184; -; -; -, F, , light encrustations, cutting off parts of legends, 12.583 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 0o, mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, LA (year 1) lower right; EΛEY-ΘEPIA, Eleutheria (Liberty) standing left, in extended right hand, in left hand, leaning with left elbow on column, (ladle used for tasting and pouring sacrificial libations) left in lower left ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Tutere (Tudor), , Italy, 280 - 240 B.C.
Todi was founded by the ancient people of the Umbri, in the 8th - 7th century BC, with the name of Tutere. The name means "border," it being the city located on the frontier with the Etruscan dominions. It was conquered by the Romans in 217 BC. According to Silius Italicus, it had a double line of walls that stopped Hannibal himself after his at the Trasimeno. Christianity spread to Todi very early, through the efforts of St. Terentianus. St. Fortunatus became the saint of the city for his heroic defense of it during the siege. In Lombard times, Todi was of the Duchy of Spoleto.SH73969. Bronze , 37, CNAI 2, 75, 105; p. 39, 1, F, , pitted, , 3.364 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, Tuder (Todi, Italy) mint, 280 - 240 B.C.; bearded of the satyr (Seilenos) right, wearing ivy ; Umbrian: TVTEDE (downward on left, TVT top outward, EDE top inward), standing left, wings spread; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
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